Hantili I

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Hantili I
Hittite Empire.png
The approximate extent of the Hittite Old Kingdom under Hantili I is shown in red.
Predecessor Mursili I
Successor Zidanta I
Religion Hittite religion
Spouse(s) Queen Ḫarapšili[1]
Children Daughter
Relatives Ammuna (grandson)

Hantili I was a king of the Hittites during the Hittite Old Kingdom. His reign lasted for 30 years, from c. 1526-1496 BC.

Biography[edit]

Rise to power[edit]

According to the Telepinu Proclamation, Hantili was the royal cup-bearer to Mursili I, king of the Hittites. Hantili was married to Ḫarapšili, Mursili’s sister.[2] Around the year 1526 B.C., Hantili, with the help of Zidanta, his son-in-law, assassinated Mursili. Afterwards, Hantili succeeded him as king of the Hittites.[3]

Reign[edit]

There are only a few scattered sources left that describe the reign of Hantili.[4] During his reign, he continued the militaristic traditions of the kings before him. One of Hantili’s main concerns was maintaining Hittite control in Syria. He journeyed to the city of Carchemish to conduct a military campaign, most likely against the Hurrians,[5] longtime enemies of the Hittites. The success of this campaign is unknown.

After the conclusion of this campaign, he made his return journey to Hattusa, the Hittite capital. While on this journey, he reached the city of Tegarama, which is possibly the modern-day Turkish city of Gürün. At this point, the Telepinu Proclamation states that Hantili started to develop paranoia, saying to himself, "What is this (that) I have done? [Why] did I listen to [the words of] Zidanta, my [son-in-law]? As soon as] he reigned [as king], the gods sought (justice for) the blood of Muršili."[6]

Family[edit]

Hantili’s parents are not known. His wife was Queen Ḫarapšili, and they had at least one daughter. Hantili’s grandson was Ammuna, who killed Zidanta.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Tawananna in the Hittite kingdom by Shoshana R. Bin-Nun. Online version.
  2. ^ Telepinu Proclamation, §10
  3. ^ The Proclamation does not ever specifically say that Hantili succeeded Mursili as king, but the Akkadian version of the text indicates that his wife was Queen. Also, a phrase in the Proclamation referring to his final years ("When Hantili had grown old and was about to become a God") is a standard expression which was only used to describe the death of a king.
  4. ^ Bryce, 1998 (p. 100)
  5. ^ Bryce, 1998 (p. 100)
  6. ^ Telepinu Proclamation, §13

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Mursili I
Hittite king
ca. 1526–1496 BC
Succeeded by
Zidanta I