Hanumangarh

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Hanumangarh
हनुमानगढ़ ਹਨੁਮਾਨਗਢ਼
city
Hanumangarh fort
Bhatner fort is located in Hanumangarh city.
Hanumangarh is located in Rajasthan
Hanumangarh
Hanumangarh
Coordinates: 29°35′N 74°19′E / 29.58°N 74.32°E / 29.58; 74.32Coordinates: 29°35′N 74°19′E / 29.58°N 74.32°E / 29.58; 74.32
Country India
State Rajasthan
District Hanumangarh
Elevation 177 m (581 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 129,654
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 335513
Telephone code 911552

Hanumangarh (Rajasthani: हणमानगढ,Hindi: हनुमानगढ़)is a city in northern Rajasthan state in western India, situated on the banks of the river Ghaggar, located about 400 km from Delhi. It is the administrative seat of Hanumangarh District. The city was once called Bhatner (alternatively spelled Bhatnair) because it was a stronghold of Bhati Rajputs.[1]

History[edit]

Hanumangarh was the kingdom of Bhati Rajputs and hence its earlier name was Bhatner. Since it was won on Tuesday by Maharaja Soorat Singh of Bikaner, which is the ominous day for Hindu God Hanuman, it was rechristened as 'Hanumangarh' - the Fort of Hanuman the Hindus-god. A 1700-year-old Bhatner fort is situated in the middle of Hanumangarh Town, the description of which can be found in Ain-i-Akbari.[2] A famous Bhadrakali temple is situated near the town on the banks of Ghaggar river.[citation needed]

The area around Hanumangarh appears to be quite old.[original research?] It has yielded a number of terracotta decorative tiles in the late Kushan Empire style along with a number of coins. Two terracotta capitals at the depth of 15' from the top of the mound with stepped pyramids along their edges have been discovered.[3]

The Hanumangarh district also has a significant place in the ancient history. The remains found at Kalibangan[Pilibanga] in 1951 reveal that this area was a part of nearly 5000 years old Indus Valley Civilization. The remains of human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewelry, toys, statues, wells, bathrooms, fort, streets, markets etc., found in excavation tell the story of well developed life style of our ancestors. Besides Kalibangan, more than 100 other places are also there in the district where evidences of this old civilization have been found. The remains found at these places have been kept at Museum at Kalibangan and National Museum, New Delhi.

Demographics[edit]

A view of Bhagat Singh Chowk at Hanumangarh Junction.

As of 2001 India census,[4] Hanumangarh had a population of 129,654. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Hanumangarh has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 57%. In Hanumangarh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. The major languages spoken are Bagri, Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Punjabi and Hindi. Voters are from caste Rajput, Brahmin, Swami, Muslim, Gurjar, S.C., Baniya, Jat, Saini.[5]

Railway Junction[edit]

A view of railway station at Hanumangarh Junction.

'Hanumangarh Junction' is a major railway station on Jodhpur-Bikaner-Kalka route; Sadulpur, Rewari, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Anupgarh, (Canaloop). Both Meter gauge and Broad gauge lines pass through this station. There is a Diamond-Railway-Crossing. The broad gauge started in the year of 1982 from Bhatinda to Suratgarh via Hanumangarh, and first train was flagged by Mr. Milkha Singh, erstwhile Guard 'A'.

Meter gauge train has become history for Hanumangarh because on Oct 1,2012 Hanumangarh- Sadulpur metergauge track closed and this is being converted into broad gauge. Work is also on progress on Hanumangarh-Sri Ganganagar gauge converstion. This work will be completed by the end of March,2013 and people of Hanumangarh may see the train for Sriganganagar on track in May 2013. There will be smooth rail traffic for two cantonments Jaisalmer(Rajasthan) and Udhampur(J&k) via Hanumangarh, Sriganganagar and Firozpur. a metro train between hanumangarh and Jaipur is planned to start in 2017 . this will be the fastest train in India.this train will be called the meru star.

District System[edit]

There are 7 tehsil in district Hanumangarh these are Hanumangarh, Sangaria, Pilibanga, Nohar, Bhadra, Rawatsar and Tibbi.

Language[edit]

Bagri is a dialect of Rajasthani language, is main language spoken here. Majority of people here speak Bagri. Punjabi language is also used as second language in areas of Hanumangarh which are on the border of Punjab. Hindi is the state language. English is also used.[6]

Government Nehru Memorial PG College in Hanumangarh town.

Visitor Attractions[edit]

  • Kalibanga a historical place,in Pilibanga Tehsil.
  • Gogameri Temple
  • Brahmaani Mata Temple at Pallu.
  • Bhadarkali Mata Temple at the basin on Ghaghar river.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter, The imperial gazetteer of India, Volume 2, Trübner & Co., 1885, "... The Bhatnair fort ... on the direct route of invasion from Central Asia to India ... taken by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1001 ... attacked by Timur ... probable that Timur left a Tatar Chagitai noble in charge, who was expelled by Bhatis from Marot and Phulra ... Bhatnair, now called Hanumangarh ..." 
  2. ^ "Bhatner Fort". 
  3. ^ http://www.hanumangarh.nic.in
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ http://helpcontact.in/1456
  6. ^ Lakhan Gusain 2000. Bagri Grammar. Munich: Lincom Europa (Languages of the World/Materials, 384)