Hanwa Line

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     Hanwa Line
JRW-205-1000EC.JPG
Local train (205-1000 series EMU)
Overview
Type heavy rail, commuter rail
System Urban Network
Locale Osaka Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
Termini Tennōji, Ōtori
Wakayama, Higashi-Hagoromo
Stations 36
Operation
Opening September 18, 1929
Owner JR West
Depot(s) Hineno, Suita
Technical
Line length 63.0 km (39.1 mi)
61.3 km (38.1 mi) (Tennoji - Wakayama)
1.7 km (1.1 mi) (Otori - Higashi-Hagoromo)
No. of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Hanwa Line 103 series
B-Rapid Service Train (225-5000 series EMU)

The Hanwa Line (阪和線 Hanwa-sen?) is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The 61.3-kilometre (38.1 mi) line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7-kilometre branchline in Osaka suburb.

It was built in 1929 and operated by the Hanwa Electric Railway Company until 1940, when it was merged into Nankai Railway (predecessor of Nankai Electric Railway) and became the Yamanote Line of Nankai. The Yamanote Line was then nationalized in 1944 and named Hanwa Line.

When Kansai International Airport opened in 1994, the Hanwa Line became one of the main railway links between the city and the airport (along with the Nankai Main Line).

Trains[edit]

The terminus of the line in Osaka is Tennōji Station in Tennōji-ku where most of commuter trains on the line originate and terminate. However, many intercity limited express and rapid trains extend to the Osaka Loop Line beyond Tennōji.

The terminus in Wakayama is Wakayama Station. Some trains from Osaka terminate before Wakayama and some spur off to Kansai Airport Station on the Kansai Airport Line from Hineno Station. Tracks are connected to the Kisei Main Line and some trains continue thereto.

The Hagoromo Branch Line (羽衣支線 Hagoromo-shisen?), also called the Hagoromo Line (羽衣線 Hagoromo-sen?) or the Higashi-Hagoromo Branch Line (東羽衣支線 Higashi-Hagoromo-shisen?), between Ōtori Station and Higashi-Hagoromo Station, is officially a part of the Hanwa Line. On the 1.7 km branch, only local shuttle trains operate.

Limited express trains[edit]

Hanwa Line segment in bold

Commuter trains[edit]

Trains stop at every station on the line, and they are operated between Tennoji and Otori in the non-rush hour.
  • Kishuji Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line/Tennoji - Wakayama
Trains run on the Osaka Loop Line before entering Hanwa Line at Tennoji with stopping at every station between Tennoji and Fukushima via Tsuruhashi, Kyobashi, and Osaka, then Nishikujo, Bentencho, Taisho and Shin-Imamiya stations (part of trains originate and terminate at Kyobashi). They make rapid service stops throughout the Hanwa Line and stop at every station between Hineno and Wakayama except in the morning and night.
  • Kansai Airport Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line/Tennoji - Hineno - Kansai Airport
Trains usually run in tandem with Kishuji Rapid between the Osaka Loop Line and Hineno before splitting off and making every stop on the Kansai Airport Line. They go loop with stops at every station between Tennoji and Fukushima via Tsuruhashi, Kyobashi, and Osaka, then Nishikujo, Bentencho, Taisho and Shin-Imamiya (part of trains originate and terminate at Kyobashi).
  • Direct Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line ← Tennoji ← Wakayama/Kansai Airport
Trains run on weekday mornings, and make rapid service stops throughout its route and every stop on the Osaka Loop Line.
  • Rapid Service: Tennoji - Wakayama
Trains run entirely on the Hanwa Line with extended service to the Kisei Main Line except the non-rush hour.
Stations on the Hanwa Line where trains stop: at Tennōji, Sakaishi, Mikunigaoka, Ōtori, Izumi-Fuchū, Higashi-Kishiwada, Kumatori, Hineno, Izumi-Sunagawa, Kii, Musota and Wakayama.
  • B-Rapid Service: Tennoji - Wakayama
Trains run in early mornings and between the mornings and non-rush hours, with rapid service stops from Tennoji to Kumatori, then local stops to Wakayama.
The first train of the service from Wakayama runs to Shin-Osaka via the Osaka Loop Line and the Umeda Freight Line.
  • Regional Rapid Service: Tennoji - Hineno/Wakayama
Trains make rapid service stops from Tennoji to Otori, then local stops to Wakayama. They mainly run between Tennoji and Hineno in the non-rush hour, and also in the morning and as the last train for Hineno.

Stations[edit]

Hanwa Line[edit]

Station Transfers Location
Through trains from Shin-Osaka and Kyobashi via Osaka Loop Line
Tennōji 天王寺 Osaka Loop Line, Yamatoji Line
Osaka Municipal Subway: Midosuji Line, Tanimachi Line
Kintetsu Minami-Osaka Line
Hankai Tramway: Hankai Line
Tennoji-ku, Osaka Osaka
Prefecture
Bishōen 美章園 Abeno-ku, Osaka
Minami-Tanabe 南田辺
Tsurugaoka 鶴ヶ丘
Nagai 長居 Osaka Municipal Subway Midosuji Line Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka
Abikochō 我孫子町
Sugimotochō 杉本町
Asaka 浅香 Sakai-ku, Sakai
Sakaishi 堺市
Mikunigaoka 三国ヶ丘 Nankai Koya Line
Mozu 百舌鳥
Uenoshiba 上野芝 Nishi-ku, Sakai
Tsukuno 津久野
Ōtori Hagoromo Branch Line (see below)
Tonoki 富木 Takaishi
Kita-Shinoda 北信太 Izumi
Shinodayama 信太山
Izumi-Fuchū 和泉府中
Kumeda 久米田 Kishiwada
Shimomatsu 下松
Higashi-Kishiwada 東岸和田
Higashi-Kaizuka 東貝塚 Kazuika
Izumi-Hashimoto 和泉橋本
Higashi-Sano 東佐野 Izumisano
Kumatori 熊取 Kumatori
Hineno 日根野 Kansai Airport Line Izumisano
Through trains to Kansai Airport via Kansai Airport Line
Nagataki 長滝 Izumisano Osaka
Prefecture
Shinge 新家 Sennan
Izumi-Sunagawa 和泉砂川
Izumi-Tottori 和泉鳥取 Hannan
Yamanakadani 山中渓
Kii 紀伊 Wakayama Wakayama
Prefecture
Musota 六十谷
Kii-Nakanoshima 紀伊中ノ島
Wakayama 和歌山 Kisei Main Line, Wakayama Line
Kishigawa Line
Line continues as Kisei Main Line

Higashi-Hagoromo Branch Line[edit]

Station Transfers Location
Ōtori Hanwa Line (see above) Sakai Osaka
Prefecture
Higashi-Hagoromo 東羽衣 Nankai Main Line, Nankai Takashinohama Line Takaishi

Rolling stock[edit]

All trains are based at Hineno and Suita Depots.

Former[edit]

Passenger[edit]

JNR, JR West[edit]
Hanwa Electric Railway, Nankai Railway[edit]
See also:
  • MoYo 100
  • MoTa 300
  • KuYo 500
  • KuTa 600
  • KuTe 700
  • KuTa 750
  • KuTa 3000
  • KuTa 7000

Freight[edit]

JNR[edit]
Hanwa Electric Railway, Nankai Railway[edit]
  • RoKo 1000 (now ED38)
  • RoKo 1100
  • MoKa 2000
  • ED1151 (now Nankai ED5151)