|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
Local train (205-1000 series EMU)
|Type||heavy rail, commuter rail|
|Opening||September 18, 1929|
|Line length||63.0 km (39.1 mi)
61.3 km (38.1 mi) (Tennoji - Wakayama)
1.7 km (1.1 mi) (Otori - Higashi-Hagoromo)
|No. of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead lines|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
The Hanwa Line (阪和線 Hanwa-sen ) is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). The 61.3-kilometre (38.1 mi) line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7-kilometre branchline in Osaka suburb.
It was built in 1929 and operated by the Hanwa Electric Railway Company until 1940, when it was merged into Nankai Railway (predecessor of Nankai Electric Railway) and became the Yamanote Line of Nankai. The Yamanote Line was then nationalized in 1944 and named Hanwa Line.
The terminus of the line in Osaka is Tennōji Station in Tennōji-ku where most of commuter trains on the line originate and terminate. However, many intercity limited express and rapid trains extend to the Osaka Loop Line beyond Tennōji.
The terminus in Wakayama is Wakayama Station. Some trains from Osaka terminate before Wakayama and some spur off to Kansai Airport Station on the Kansai Airport Line from Hineno Station. Tracks are connected to the Kisei Main Line and some trains continue thereto.
The Hagoromo Branch Line (羽衣支線 Hagoromo-shisen ), also called the Hagoromo Line (羽衣線 Hagoromo-sen ) or the Higashi-Hagoromo Branch Line (東羽衣支線 Higashi-Hagoromo-shisen ), between Ōtori Station and Higashi-Hagoromo Station, is officially a part of the Hanwa Line. On the 1.7 km branch, only local shuttle trains operate.
Limited express trains
- Hanwa Line segment in bold
- Haruka: Maibara/Kyoto/Shin-Osaka - Tennoji - Hineno - Kansai Airport
- Kuroshio: Kyoto/Shin-Osaka - Tennoji - Wakayama - Shirahama/Shingu
- Trains stop at every station on the line, and they are operated between Tennoji and Otori in the non-rush hour.
- Kishuji Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line/Tennoji - Wakayama
- Trains run on the Osaka Loop Line before entering Hanwa Line at Tennoji with stopping at every station between Tennoji and Fukushima via Tsuruhashi, Kyobashi, and Osaka, then Nishikujo, Bentencho, Taisho and Shin-Imamiya stations (part of trains originate and terminate at Kyobashi). They make rapid service stops throughout the Hanwa Line and stop at every station between Hineno and Wakayama except in the morning and night.
- Kansai Airport Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line/Tennoji - Hineno - Kansai Airport
- Trains usually run in tandem with Kishuji Rapid between the Osaka Loop Line and Hineno before splitting off and making every stop on the Kansai Airport Line. They go loop with stops at every station between Tennoji and Fukushima via Tsuruhashi, Kyobashi, and Osaka, then Nishikujo, Bentencho, Taisho and Shin-Imamiya (part of trains originate and terminate at Kyobashi).
- Direct Rapid Service: Osaka Loop Line ← Tennoji ← Wakayama/Kansai Airport
- Trains run on weekday mornings, and make rapid service stops throughout its route and every stop on the Osaka Loop Line.
- Rapid Service: Tennoji - Wakayama
- Trains run entirely on the Hanwa Line with extended service to the Kisei Main Line except the non-rush hour.
- Stations on the Hanwa Line where trains stop: at Tennōji, Sakaishi, Mikunigaoka, Ōtori, Izumi-Fuchū, Higashi-Kishiwada, Kumatori, Hineno, Izumi-Sunagawa, Kii, Musota and Wakayama.
- B-Rapid Service: Tennoji - Wakayama
- Trains run in early mornings and between the mornings and non-rush hours, with rapid service stops from Tennoji to Kumatori, then local stops to Wakayama.
- The first train of the service from Wakayama runs to Shin-Osaka via the Osaka Loop Line and the Umeda Freight Line.
- Regional Rapid Service: Tennoji - Hineno/Wakayama
- Trains make rapid service stops from Tennoji to Otori, then local stops to Wakayama. They mainly run between Tennoji and Hineno in the non-rush hour, and also in the morning and as the last train for Hineno.
Higashi-Hagoromo Branch Line
|Ōtori||鳳||Hanwa Line (see above)||Sakai||Osaka
|Higashi-Hagoromo||東羽衣||Nankai Main Line, Nankai Takashinohama Line||Takaishi|
- 103 series (Rapid and Local services)
- 205-1000 series (Rapid and Local services)
- 223-0/2500 series (Kansai Airport/Kishuji Rapid, Regional Rapid, B-Rapid and Rapid services)
- 225-5000 series (Kansai Airport/Kishuji Rapid, Regional Rapid, B-Rapid and Rapid services)
- 281 series (Haruka service)
- 283 series (Kuroshio service)
- 287 series (Kuroshio service)
- 381 series (Kuroshio service)
JNR, JR West
- 51 series
- 52 series
- 70 series
- 72 series
- 113 series (until March 2012)
- 117 series
- 123 series
- 165 series
- 221 series (until March 2012)
- 485 series
- KiHa 55 series
- KiHa 58 series
- KiHa 65
- KiHa 81 series
- KiHa 82 series
Hanwa Electric Railway, Nankai Railway
- MoYo 100
- MoTa 300
- KuYo 500
- KuTa 600
- KuTe 700
- KuTa 750
- KuTa 3000
- KuTa 7000
Hanwa Electric Railway, Nankai Railway
- RoKo 1000 (now ED38)
- RoKo 1100
- MoKa 2000
- ED1151 (now Nankai ED5151)