Haparanda Municipality

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Haparanda Municipality
Haparanda kommun
Municipality
Coat of arms of Haparanda Municipality
Coat of arms
Haparanda Municipality in Norrbotten County.png
Country Sweden
County Norrbotten County
Seat Haparanda
Area[1]
 • Total 1,868.27 km2 (721.34 sq mi)
 • Land 922.76 km2 (356.28 sq mi)
 • Water 945.51 km2 (365.06 sq mi)
  Area as of January 1, 2014.
Population (December 31, 2013)[2]
 • Total 9,886
 • Density 5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code SE
Province Norrbotten
Municipal code 2583
Website www.haparanda.se

Haparanda Municipality (Swedish: Haparanda kommun) is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Haparanda (Finnish: Haaparanta).

In 1967 the "City of Haparanda" was merged with the rural municipalities Karl Gustav and Nedertorneå. Since 1971 Haparanda, like all other municipalities of Sweden, is a municipality of unitary type. However, it prefers to use the title stad ("city") for the whole territory, including the non-urban parts.

Geography[edit]

In Sweden, Haparanda Municipality borders Övertorneå Municipality to the north and Kalix Municipality to the west.

Haparanda Municipality is located on the western side of where the Torne River discharges into the Bay of Bothnia. On the other side of the river lies the Finnish town Tornio (Swedish: Torneå). Haparanda and Tornio jointly call themselves "EuroCity".

Although Haparanda has a boat harbor, it is not accessible for larger vessels and is not, as often thought, the Baltic Sea's northernmost port, that honor most probably belonging to Töre further west on the Swedish coast.

The municipality includes the Haparanda archipelago, with 652 islands in the bay of Bothnia, part of the larger Norrbotten archipelago.[3] The Haparanda Archipelago National Park lies within the Haparanda group of islands. It includes the larger islands of Sandskär and Seskar Furö, and some smaller islands and skerries.[4] Some of the other islands in the Haparanda archipelago include Hanhinkari, Kataja, Seskarö, Skomakaren, Stora Hamnskär, Stora Hepokari and Torne-Furö.[5]

Localities[edit]

There are five localities (or urban areas) in Haparanda Municipality:[6]

# Locality Population
1 Haparanda 4,778
2 Marielund 1,865
3 Seskarö 498
4 Nikkala 447
5 Karungi 232

The municipal seat in bold

Politics and government[edit]

Distribution of the 35 seats in the municipal council after the 2010 election:

Results of the Swedish general election, 2010 in Haparanda:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Haparanda Municipality has four sister cities:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistiska centralbyrån, Kommunarealer den 1 januari 2014" (Microsoft Excel) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  2. ^ "SCB, Befolkningsstatistik 31 December 2013" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. Retrieved April 2014. 
  3. ^ "About the Bay of Bothnia". Bottenvikens skärgård. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  4. ^ "Haparanda Skärgård National Park". Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  5. ^ "Öar i Haparanda skärgård". bottenviken.se. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  6. ^ Statistics Sweden as of December 31, 2005

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 65°50′N 24°08′E / 65.833°N 24.133°E / 65.833; 24.133