|• Revised Romanization||Hap jeong dong|
|• McCune–Reischauer||Hap chong dong|
|• Total||1.71 km2 (0.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)|
Origin of the name
Originally, Hapjeong-dong was a part of Yeonhui-bang, a division of Seoul that encompassed approximately Seodaemun-gu and the western part of Mapo-gu. The meaning of Hapjeong-dong, written in Hanja as 蛤井洞, was "clam well". Later the Hanja transcription of Hapjeong was changed to 合井.
After the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty of 1910, Hapjeong-dong was known as Hapjeon-ri in 1913 and Hapjeong-jeong in 1936; it was a part of Yeonhui-myeon, which extended from Seodaemun-gu to Yeouido. In 1944, it became a part of the newly-created Mapo-gu district and received its current name in 1946.
Hapjeong-dong contains the following main streets, which also give their name to surrounding, smaller streets according to the new address system in South Korea:
- Donggyo-ro separates Hapjeong-dong from Mangwon-dong;
- Huiujeong-ro: the name of this street is the former name of Mangwonjeong, a pavilion built by his brother near the Han river;
- Poeun-ro: the name refers to the pen name of Jeong Mong-ju, whose statue stands at one end of the street;
- Yanghwajin-gil: the name refers to Yanghwagin, a former port and ferry dock on the Han riverside;
- Yanghwa-ro: leads to Yanghwa Bridge, near the former site of the Yanghwajin ferry dock;
- Worldcup-ro: leads to the Seoul World Cup Stadium and separates Hapjeong-dong from Seogyo-dong.
A few historical landmarks may be found in Hapjeong-dong:
- Mangwonjeong was a pavilion built in 1424 by Prince Hyoryeong, elder brother of King Sejong, to oversee farming every spring and fall. Its first name, "Huiujeong" ("a pavilion meeting a delightful rain"), was given by King Sejong after seeing the field getting wet by rain during a visit. Later, Prince Wolsan, brother of King Seongjong, inherited the pavilion and renamed it "Mangwongeong". The pavilion was damaged by a flood in 1925 and rebuilt in 1989. Nowadays it is accessible from Donggyo-ro 8an-gil and oversees the Han river expressway.
- Yangwhajin was a port and ferry dock on the Han riverside, located near Jeoldu-san. It used to be an important entry point to Seoul.
- Jeoldu-san is a rocky promontory that oversees the Han river near the Dangsan Railway Bridge, with a shrine and park dedicated to Christian martyrs.
- Yanghwajin Foreigners' Cemetery, located near Jeoldu-san.
Other notable sites in Hapjeong-dong include:
- Hapjeong Station, a subway station (lines 2 and 6).
- Yanghwa Bridge, that connects to Seonyu-do and the Han river south bank.
- the Seoul Thermal Power Station, also partly located in Dangin-dong.
A number of companies specialized in music or media are located in Hapjeong-dong, included YG Entertainment.
- "합정동 (Hapjeong-dong 合井洞)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
- "The origin of the dong' name (Hapjeong-dong 합정동)" (in Korean). Mapo-gu official site. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
- (Korean) 합정동 유래 (Etymology), Hapjeong-dong official website.
- Source: information panel on the site of Mangweonjeong.
- Historical background of Yanghwagin, Yanghwagin Foreing Missionary Cemetary web site.
- "Chronicle of Beopjeong-dong and Haengjeong-dong" (in Korean). Guro-gu Official website.
- "Mapo Information". The chart of legal dong assigned by administrative dong (행정동별 관할 법정동 일람표) (in Korean). Mapo-gu Official website.
- Mapo-gu official website in English
- Map of Mapo-gu at the Mapo-gu official website
- (Korean) Map of Mapo-gu at the Mapo-gu official website
- (Korean) Hapjeong-dong resident office website
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