Haplogroup F-L15

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Haplogroup IJK
Possible time of origin 40,000-45,000 years BP
Possible place of origin Southwest Asia
Ancestor Haplogroup F
Descendants IJ, K
Defining mutations L15/S137, L16/S138, L69.1(=G)/S163.1

In human genetics, Haplogroup IJK is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. Haplogroup IJK is a descendant branch of the macrohaplogroup F with haplogroup IJ and haplogroup K as its attested descendants.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Subclades[edit]

Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup subclades is based on the YCC 2008 tree[2] and subsequent published research.

  • IJK
    • IJK (L15/S137, L16/S138, L69.1(=G)/S163.1)
      • IJ (M429/P125, P123, P124, P126, P127, P129, P130, S2, S22)
      • K (M9, P128, P131, P132)

Some of the main branches within the group are shown below:-

Haplogroup IJK
Haplogroup IJ
Haplogroup I

Haplogroup I1. Northern Europe.



Haplogroup I2. Scattered around Europe



Haplogroup J

Haplogroup J1. Middle East.



Haplogroup J2.Middle East.




Haplogroup K
Haplogroup LT

Haplogroup L. South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia.



Haplogroup T. Found in the Near East and parts of Africa, among the Ethiopians, Somalis, and Upper Egyptians. Fulbe carry the highest percentage at 18. Also found in small amounts in India and Eurasia.



Macro-haplogroup MNOPS

Haplogroup M. New Guinea, Indonesia, Melanesia and Polynesia.


Macro-haplogroup NO

Haplogroup N. Mainly found in Northern Asia, Northern Europe, and Eastern Europe.



Haplogroup O. Mainly found in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania.



Macro-haplogroup P

Haplogroup Q. Mainly found in Northern Asia and the Americas.


Macro-haplogroup R

Macro-haplogroup R1. Europe, parts of Central Asia, South Asia, West Asia, and in parts of Africa such as Cameroon.



Haplogroup R2. Mainly found in South Asia.





Haplogroup S. New Guinea, Indonesia and Melanesia.





Mutation[edit]

L15[edit]

The defining SNP L15 is located at Y chromosomal location rs9786139 with the ancestral value being A and the derived value being G.

L16[edit]

The defining SNP L16 is at location rs9786714 with the ancestral value being G and the derived value being A.

See also[edit]


Evolutionary tree of human Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups
MRC Y-ancestor
A00 A0'1'2'3'4
A0 A1'2'3'4
A1 A2'3'4
A2'3 A4=BCDEF
A2 A3 B CDEF
DE CF
D E C F
GHIJKLT
G HIJKLT
H IJKLT
IJ KLT
I J LT K
L T MPS X
MS P NO
Q R N O
  1. ^ van Oven M, Van Geystelen A, Kayser M, Decorte R, Larmuseau HD (2013). "Seeing the wood for the trees: a minimal reference phylogeny for the human Y chromosome". Human Mutation. doi:10.1002/humu.22468. PMID 24166809. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ FTDNA Advanced SNP Descriptions
  2. ^ Karafet TM, Mendez FL, Meilerman MB, Underhill PA, Zegura SL, Hammer MF (2008). "New binary polymorphisms reshape and increase resolution of the human Y chromosomal haplogroup tree". Genome Research 18 (5): 830–8. doi:10.1101/gr.7172008. PMC 2336805. PMID 18385274. 

External links[edit]