Haplogroup P (mtDNA)

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Haplogroup P

Dispersión del haplogrupo P (ADNmt).PNG

Possible time of origin 50,000 years[1]
Possible place of origin Southeast Asia
Ancestor R
Descendants 16176, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P9
Defining mutations 15607[2]

In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup P is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Origin[edit]

Haplogroup P is a descendant of Haplogroup R.

Distribution[edit]

Today, P is found in the Australian continent, especially in Papuan, Melanesian Australian Aborigines,[3] and Filipinos. It was found in the Aeta of Bataan at 40%[4]

Subclades[edit]

Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup P subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[2] and subsequent published research.

  • P
    • (16176)
      • P1
        • P1d
          • P1d1
      • P2'10
        • P2
        • P10
      • P8
    • P3
      • P3a
      • P3b
        • P3b1
    • P4
      • P4a
        • P4a1
      • P4b
        • P4b1
    • P5
    • P6
    • P7
    • P9

See also[edit]

Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6
L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U
HV JT K
H V J T

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hudjashov, Georgi et al. 2007. Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y chromosome and mtDNA analysis. PNAS May 22, 2007 vol. 104 no. 21 8726-8730
  2. ^ a b van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394. doi:10.1002/humu.20921. PMID 18853457. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  3. ^ Friedlaender et al. 2005 April, Expanding Southwest Pacific Mitochondrial Haplogroups P and Q , 22 (6): 1506
  4. ^ Delfin F. et al 2013. Complete mtDNA genomes of Filipino ethnolinguistic groups: a melting pot of recent and ancient lineages in the Asia-Pacific region. Eur J Hum Genet. 2013 Jun 12. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2013.122.

External links[edit]