Haplogroup V (mtDNA)
|Possible time of origin||9800 YBP |
|Possible place of origin||Near East|
|Descendants||V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6, V7, V8, V9|
Haplogroup V derives from the HV0a. In 1998 it was argued that V spread over Europe from an Ice Age refuge in Iberia. However more recent estimates of the date of V would place it in the Neolithic. That makes an origin in the Near East more plausible.
Haplogroup V is a relatively rare mtDNA haplogroup found in approximately 4% of native Europeans. Its highest concentration is among the Saami people of northern Scandinavia (approximately 59%), where its divergence time is estimated at 7600 YBP (years before present). It has been found at approximately 10% among the Maris of the Volga-Ural region, leading to the suggestion that this region might be the source of the V among the Saami.
Haplogroup V is also found at higher than average levels in Cantabrian people (15%) of northern Iberia, and somewhat lower in nearby Basque people (10.4%). It also is found in particularly high concentrations (16.3%) among the Berbers of Matmata, Tunisia.
This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup V subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation and subsequent published research.
- Genealogical DNA test
- Genetic Genealogy
- Human mitochondrial genetics
- Population Genetics
- Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups
Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups
|Mitochondrial Eve (L)|
- Doron M. Behar et al., A “Copernican” Reassessment of the Human Mitochondrial DNA Tree from its Root, The American Journal of Human Genetics, Volume 90 (2012), supplement.
- van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394. doi:10.1002/humu.20921. PMID 18853457. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Antonio Torroni et al., mtDNA Analysis Reveals a Major Late Paleolithic Population Expansion from Southwestern to Northeastern Europe, American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 62 (1998), pp. 1137–1152.
- Bryan Sykes (2001). The Seven Daughters of Eve. London; New York: Bantam Press. ISBN 0393020185.
- Max Ingman and Ulf Gyllensten, A recent genetic link between Sami and the Volga-Ural region of Russia, European Journal of Human Genetics vol. 15 (2007), pp. 115–120; Kristiina Tambets, Siiri Rootsi, Toomas Kivisild, Hela Help, Piia Serk et al., The Western and Eastern Roots of the Saami—the Story of Genetic “Outliers” Told by Mitochondrial DNA and Y Chromosomes, American Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 74 (2004), pp. 661–682.
- Maca-Meyer, N.; P. Sánchez-Velasco, C. Flores, J.M. Larruga1, A.M. González, A. Oterino and F. Leyva-Cobián (31 March 2003). "Y Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Characterization of Pasiegos, a Human Isolate from Cantabria (Spain)". Annals of Human Genetics 67 (Pt 4): 329–339. doi:10.1046/j.1469-1809.2003.00045.x. PMID 12914567. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
- Soares, Pedro; Luca Ermini, Noel Thomson, Maru Mormina, Teresa Rito, Arne Röhl, Antonio Salas, Stephen Oppenheimer, Vincent Macaulay and Martin B. Richards, Supplemental Data Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock, The American Society of Human Genetics, vol. 84, no. 6 (Jun 2009), pp. 82–93
- Fadhlaoui-Zid, K; Plaza, S; Calafell, F; Ben Amor, M; Comas, D; Bennamar El Gaaied, A; Gaaied, El (May 2004). "Mitochondrial DNA heterogeneity in Tunisian Berbers". Annals of Human Genetics 68 (3): 322–233. doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2004.00096.x. PMID 15180702.
- W. Haak et al., Ancient DNA from the First European Farmers in 7500-Year-Old Neolithic Sites, Science, vol. 310, no. 5750 (2005), pp. 1016-1018.
- W. Haak, et al., Ancient DNA from European Early Neolithic Farmers Reveals Their Near Eastern Affinities, PloS Biology, vol. 8, no.11 (November 2010), e1000536.
- Haplogroup V