Haplogroup W (mtDNA)

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Haplogroup W
Possible time of origin 23,900 ybp[1]
Possible place of origin Western Asia
Ancestor N2
Descendants W1, 194
Defining mutations 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292[2]

In human genetics, Haplogroup W is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Origin[edit]

Ancestor of the haplogroup W is Haplogroup N2.

Distribution[edit]

Haplogroup W appears in Europe, West and South Asia.[3] It is everywhere found as minority clade, with the highest concentration being in Northern Pakistan.[4] A related unnamed N* clade is found among Aboriginal Australians.[5] Found in the Svan population of the Caucasus (Georgia) W* 8,3%.[citation needed]

Subclades[edit]

Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup W subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[2] and subsequent published research.

  • W
    • W1
      • W1a
      • W1b
      • 119
        • W1c
      • W1d
      • W1e
      • W1f
      • W1g
    • 194
      • W3
        • W3a
          • W3a1
            • W3a1a
      • W4
        • W4a
      • W5
        • W5a
          • W5a1
      • W6

See also[edit]

Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6
L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U
HV JT K
H V J T

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soares, Pedro; Luca Ermini, Noel Thomson, Maru Mormina, Teresa Rito, Arne Röhl, Antonio Salas, Stephen Oppenheimer, Vincent Macaulay and Martin B. Richards (4 Jun 2009). "Supplemental Data Correcting for Purifying Selection: An Improved Human Mitochondrial Molecular Clock". The American Society of Human Genetics 84 (6): 82–93. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.05.001. PMC 2694979. PMID 19500773. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  2. ^ a b van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394. doi:10.1002/humu.20921. PMID 18853457. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  3. ^ Petraglia, Michael D.; Bridget Allchin The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia Springer (26 Mar 2007) ISBN 978-1-4020-5561-4 [1]
  4. ^ Meit Metspalu et al., Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in South and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans. BMC Genetics, 2004
  5. ^ Ian Logan's mtDNA site

External links[edit]