Happiness Is a Warm Gun

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"Happiness Is a Warm Gun"
Song by the Beatles from the album The Beatles
Released 22 November 1968
Recorded 23–26 September 1968,
EMI Studios, London
Genre Hard rock, progressive rock, blues rock
Length 2:43
Label Apple Records
Writer Lennon–McCartney
Producer Chris Thomas
The Beatles track listing

"Happiness Is a Warm Gun" is a song by the Beatles, featured on the eponymous double-disc album The Beatles, also known as the White Album, which was released on 22 November 1968. Although credited to Lennon–McCartney, it was written by John Lennon.[1]

Writing and inspiration[edit]

According to Lennon, the title came from the cover of a gun magazine that producer George Martin showed him: "I think he showed me a cover of a magazine that said 'Happiness Is a Warm Gun.' It was a gun magazine. I just thought it was a fantastic, insane thing to say. A warm gun means you just shot something."[2] The title is one of many 1960s riffs on Charles M. Schulz's culturally popular saying that "happiness is a warm puppy", which began in the Peanuts comic strip and became the title of a related book.

Composition[edit]

Lennon said he "put together three sections of different songs ... it seemed to run through all the different kinds of rock music."[2] The song begins with surreal imagery allegedly taken from an acid trip that Lennon and Derek Taylor experienced, with Taylor contributing the opening lines.[3]

In the studio[edit]

"Happiness Is a Warm Gun" is reportedly Paul McCartney's and George Harrison's favourite song on the White Album.[4] Although tensions were high among the band during the album's recording sessions, they reportedly collaborated as a close unit to work out the song's challenging rhythmic and meter issues, and consequently considered it one of the few true "Beatles" songs on the album.[5] Recording of the song began at 7 pm in Studio Two at EMI Studios in London on 23 September 1968, continued over the following two nights, with daytime breaks, and was completed at 5 am on 26 September.[6] Piano, electronic organ and tuba parts in this recording are unattributed; the tuba was all but removed through mixing.[7] George Martin was on holiday while this song was recorded, and had left a note asking Chris Thomas to take over as producer.[8]

Personnel[edit]

While officially uncredited, Chris Thomas (the track's producer) has stated that he provided the keyboards for the track.

Interpretations[edit]

Many different interpretations of the song have been offered. Some writers have suggested that, in addition to the Peanuts reference, the "warm gun" could refer to Lennon's sexual desire for Yoko Ono and to his well-documented problems with heroin at the time of the recording of the White Album, where the gun represents a hypodermic syringe, although Lennon claimed to have snorted heroin rather than injected it.[9] In his 1980 Playboy interview Lennon admitted to the double meaning of guns and sexuality but denied that the song had anything to do with drugs: "that was the beginning of my relationship with Yoko and I was very sexually oriented then".[10] American and British censors were unhappy with the song, and it was banned by the BBC for its sexual symbolism.[11]

Cover versions[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Spizer 2003, pp. 107-108.
  2. ^ a b Wenner 2000, pp. 114–115.
  3. ^ Hertsgaard 1995, p. 257.
  4. ^ Spizer 2003, p. 108.
  5. ^ Inglis 2000.
  6. ^ Lewisohn 1995, p. 300.
  7. ^ Lewisohn 1995, p. 300; Lewis & Spignesi 2004, p. 86.
  8. ^ Lewisohn 1995, pp. 298–301.
  9. ^ Marck 2009.
  10. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 188.
  11. ^ Dowlding 1989, p. 230.
  12. ^ IMDb 2009.

References[edit]