Happisburgh Lighthouse

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Happisburgh Lighthouse
Happisburgh lighthouse uk.jpg
Happisburgh Lighthouse is located in Norfolk
Happisburgh Lighthouse
Location Happisburgh, Norfolk, England
Coordinates 52°49.17′N 01°32.32′E / 52.81950°N 1.53867°E / 52.81950; 1.53867
Year first lit 1791
Automated 1929
Construction Masonry
Tower shape round
Height 26 m (85 ft)
Focal height 15 m
Current lens Catadioptric Fixed Lens
Range 14 nm (26 km)
Characteristic White group flashing 3 times every 30 seconds
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Happisburgh Lighthouse in Happisburgh on the North Norfolk coast is the only independently operated lighthouse in Great Britain. It is also the oldest working lighthouse in East Anglia.

The lighthouse is painted white with three red bands and has a light characteristic of Fl(3)30s (3 white flashes, repeated every 30 seconds) at a height of 135 ft (41.1 m) with a range of 14 miles (22.5 km).[1]

History[edit]

The location of Haisborough Sands off the Norfolk coast

The building was constructed in 1790 as one of a pair of candle-powered lights ("High Lighthouse" and "Low Lighthouse").[2] It was electrified in 1947. The tower is 85 ft (25.9 m) tall, putting the lantern at 134 ft (40.8 m) above sea level.[3] The other lighthouse - the "low light" was 20 ft (6.1 m) lower. It was decommissioned and demolished in 1883 before it could be lost due to coastal erosion, its lantern being reused at Southwold lighthouse.[4] Together they formed a pair of range lights that marked a safe passage around the southern end of the offshore Haisborough Sands 8 miles (12.9 km) to the safe waters of 'The Would'.[5]

Independence[edit]

In 1987 Happisburgh was one of five lighthouses declared redundant by Trinity House and deactivation was planned for June 1988. Villagers organised a petition to oppose the closure, and as a result the date was postponed.

The lantern inside the lighthouse

Under the Merchant Shipping Act of 1894,[6] Trinity House may dispose of a working lighthouse only to an established Lighthouse Authority. On 25 April 1990 the Happisburgh Lighthouse Act[7] received the Royal Assent establishing the Happisburgh Lighthouse Trust as a Local Light Authority, and Happisburgh became the only independently run operational lighthouse in Great Britain.

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Price Edwards, E. (2010). lighthouse(1884). BiblioBazaar. ISBN 1-146-41637-7. 
  • Golding CBE, Capt. Thomas (1929). Trinity House from Within. private printing. 
  • Hague, Douglas B.; Christie, Rosemary (1975). Lighthouses - Their Architecture, History and Archaeology. Llandysul : Gomer Press. ISBN 0-85088-324-5. 
  • Long, Neville (1983). Lights of East Anglia. Terence Dalton Ltd. ISBN 0-86138-029-0. 
  • Stevenson, D. Alan (1959). The World's Lighthouses Before 1820. Oxford University Press. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°49.17′N 01°32.32′E / 52.81950°N 1.53867°E / 52.81950; 1.53867