Hapur

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Hapur (Haripur)
हापुड़
CITY
Hapur (Haripur) is located in Uttar Pradesh
Hapur (Haripur)
Hapur (Haripur)
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Hapur
Population
 • Total 262,801
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 245101
0122 5731
Vehicle registration UP-37

Hapur (Haripur) is a city located in Western Uttar Pradesh, India. It is today known as a manufacturing hub for stainless steel pipes, sewing machines and wood and paper products. Situated about 60 km from New Delhi. This city is also the headquarters of Hapur District. The National Highway 24 connecting Delhi-Lucknow also passes from the city. It was earlier known as 'Haripur'. The city comes under the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR).

History[edit]

Hapur is said to have been founded in the 10th century. It was granted by Daulat Scindia to his French general Pierre Cuillier-Perron at the end of the 18th century. Under the British Raj, Hapur was within Meerut District, was surrounded by several fine groves, and carried on considerable trade in sugar, grain, cotton, timber, bamboo, and brass utensils. The important cavalry remount depot and farm of Babugarh adjoined the town.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hapur (Haripur) is located at 28°43′N 77°47′E / 28.72°N 77.78°E / 28.72; 77.78.[2] It has an average elevation of 213 meters (699 feet). It is bound on the north by Meerut, in the south by Bulandshahr, while Ghaziabad forms the southern and western limits. Amroha District (formerly Jyotiba Phule Agar) lies to the east. The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and home to the sacred place known as 'Garhmukteshwar' where lakhs of people come every year for pilgrimage. The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. Hapur is part of the Indus-Gangetic Plain, the soil composed of pleistocene and more recent alluvial sediments transported and deposited by river action from the Himalayan region. These alluvial deposits are unconsolidated. Lithologically, sediments consist of clay, silt and fine to coarse sand. Land is very fertile for growing crops, especially wheat, sugarcane and vegetables. Also, the river 'kali nadi' issues from the outskirts of the city.

Climate[edit]

Hapur
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
20
 
20
8
 
 
25
 
24
11
 
 
25
 
30
16
 
 
10
 
37
21
 
 
41
 
40
26
 
 
97
 
38
28
 
 
190
 
35
27
 
 
207
 
34
27
 
 
134
 
34
25
 
 
12
 
33
19
 
 
4
 
28
13
 
 
10
 
23
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Weather Service

Hapur has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by very hot summers and cool winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 43 °C (109 °F).[3] The monsoon arrives in late June and continues until the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover, but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October; and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March.[3] The lowest temperature recorded is 0.5 °C (32.9 °F).[citation needed] Rainfall is about 80 cm to 100 cm per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%.[3] The city receives no snow.

Climate data for Hapur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
39
(102)
43
(109)
45
(113)
46
(115)
44
(111)
40
(104)
39
(102)
38
(100)
34
(93)
30
(86)
46
(115)
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
29
(84)
35
(95)
40
(104)
43
(109)
43
(109)
39
(102)
36
(97)
36
(97)
35
(95)
32
(90)
27
(81)
43
(109)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
9
(48)
14
(57)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
13
(55)
7
(45)
3
(37)
3
(37)
Record low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
8
(46)
15
(59)
17
(63)
16
(61)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
1
(34)
0
(32)
−2.5
(27.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 24
(0.94)
18
(0.71)
10
(0.39)
5
(0.2)
15
(0.59)
54
(2.13)
248
(9.76)
332
(13.07)
138
(5.43)
42
(1.65)
3
(0.12)
8
(0.31)
897
(35.31)
Avg. rainy days 2 1 1 0 1 3 9 11 4 1 0 0 33
 % humidity 79 70 59 42 41 58 80 84 77 68 67 75 66.7
Source: Department of Meteorology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India[4]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Hapur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
58%
Muslims
  
40%
Jains
  
0.4%
Others†
  
1.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

According to the 2011 census, Hapur had a population of 262,801, consisting of 139,694 males and 123,107 females. The literacy rate was 75.34%.[5]

Political representation[edit]

Hapur is one of the Vidhan Sabha seats of Uttar Pradesh; earlier it had two such seats, namely Hapur North and Hapur South. In the Lok Sabha Hapur is represented by three different constituencies:

  • Meerut-Hapur Loksabha area (northern and southern areas)
  • Ghaziabad Loksabha area (mainly the urban and rural areas of West Hapur)
  • Amroha (eastern parts)

New Hapur district[edit]

Hapur District was recently established as a district in NCR zone of Uttar Pradesh. It has a lot of potential because of its proximity to New Delhi and Ghaziabad. After gaining district status, it has its own district magistrates. The demand for a separate Hapur district was a longstanding one, dating to 1976, when the district of Ghaziabad was carved out of Meerut. Hapur was announced as a district named 'Panchsheel Nagar' on 28 Sep 2011 by the Chief Minister Mayawati; and in the month of July 2012 Chief Minister Akhilesh changed the name to 'Hapur District'.

Neighbourhoods in the city[edit]

There are 36 wards in Hapur. Major colonies of Hapur are:

  • Apna Ghar Colony, Delhi Road
  • Ashok Colony, Hapur Road
  • Preet Vihar, Delhi Road
  • Anand Vihar, Delhi Road
  • Kotla Mewayat
  • Krishna Nagar, Swarg Ashram Road
  • Tyagi Nagar, Swarg Ashram Road
  • Gyan Lok, Free Ganj Road
  • Avas Vikas, Meerut Road
  • Sri Nagar, Railway Road
  • Shivpuri, Railway Road
  • Inderlok Colony, Swarg Asharam Road (Developed by Pt. Parmanand)
  • Shakti Nagar, Meerut Road
  • Shanti Nagar, Meerut Road
  • New Pannapuri, Garh Road
  • Pannapuri, Garh Road (Developed by Pt. Parmanand)
  • BhagwanPuri, Garh Road
  • Sarai Chand Khan, Tehsil Chopla
  • Shiv Dayal Pura, Bulandshare (B.S) Road (Majeed Pura)
  • New Alok Kalson Nagar, Meerut Road
  • Collector Ganj, Railway Road
  • Lajja Puri, Delhi Road
  • Kishan Ganj, Garh-Delhi Road
  • Nai Abadi, Bulandshare (B.S) Road
  • Avas Vikas, Meerut Road
  • Sarvodaya Colony, Meerut Road
  • Avas Vikas, Bulandshare (B.S) Road
  • Chamri, Delhi Road
  • Triveni Ganj, Delhi-Garh Road
  • Rajeev Vihar
  • Chandralok Colony, Modinagar Road

Hapur as railway and road junction[edit]

Hapur is a major railway junction of northern India. Two lines - Delhi-Moradabad and Meerut-Khurja - pass through the city. Every day about 85 local trains serve Hapur. Weekly, about 10 intercity express trains pass through Hapur, including the Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, the Shatabdi Express, and the Duronto Express. Once the route is electrified, about 45 more trains of the Delhi-Agra-Kanpur route will be able to use Hapur. There are 5 platforms at the station. Trains for New Delhi are available most of the time, thus making it easy for service people to travel. Trains are available for cities such as Lucknow, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Varanasi, Dehradun, Gorakhpur, Jammu, etc.

Chief Station Master Mr. Lokesh Kumar Sharma. Chief Ticket Inspector Mr. I. A. Khan.

Following the upgrading to 4 lanes of the Delhi to Hapur section of National Highway 24, similar upgrading of the Hapur to Moradabad section is planned as part of upgrading the highway to the state capital of Lucknow.

In the light of its being a rail and road junction, there is a strong possibility of Hapur developing into a potential growth centre in the NCR region.

Economic planning[edit]

Hapur (Haripur) is a major industrial town in the National Capital Region area of western Uttar Pradesh. There are approximate 25 factories of paper cone in Hapur. The town is famous for its ‘paper’, though some other industries have also come up. Pilkhuwa is a famous for its handloom-made bed sheets. To stem uncontrolled population migration towards Delhi, Hapur's growth is governed by planning guidelines of the National Capital Region, which aim at preventing unplanned & uncontrollable growth in population in the city and its adjoining areas, at providing assistance for well planned growth - to meet targeted population densities, stop unprecedented population growth in National Capital Delhi, and provide housing - and, thirdly, to create job prospects and to attract commerce to city areas. Hapur has also been playing an important role in the field of education.

Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority[edit]

The Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority (HPDA) was established as a second and an independent authority from the Ghaziabad Development Authority (GDA) by the Uttar Pradesh administration during 1996–97, keeping in mind the geographical, historical, commercial, and industrial importance of Hapur and Pilkhuwa, as well as, in view of the proximity to Delhi, the planned development of the National Capital Region (NCR).

In line with the NCR, and its National Capital Regional Planning Board, and the importance of Hapur and its planning needs, HPDA, accepting that planning challenge, and that of enhancing town relocation facilities and beautification, is scheduled to soon implement its plans. 50 acres of land are earmarked for regional office building development in some areas of Hapur such as Sabli and Chamri. Plans are also afoot to facilitate the upgrading of National Highway 24. Negotiations are ongoing to acquire land for housing.

In the same vein, many high-standard educational and research institutes are being established in the Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Region, e.g. a dental college and research institute, a D.P.S. school, as well as other educational and research centres. Similarly, in housing development, many famous developers like Ansal Housing Group, Eros Group, etc., are investing large amounts of money in constructing housing for the town.[6]

Education[edit]

Hapur is only 45 km from New Delhi, lying within the National Capital Region area. It is an emerging center of higher education. In the past 5 years, the city has developed 15 colleges in fields of Medicine, Engineering, Law, and other fields. A proportional number of secondary schools are also in the city, the most well-known being St. Xavier's Convent School, D.A.V. Public School, V.I.P. Inter College, Shri Chandi Vidyalaya Inter College, Rajputana Regiment Inter College, Sardar Patel Junior High School, Sarvodya Inter College, Marwar Inter College, Marwar Girls Inter College, K.M.S. Inter College, etc. Numerous schools for primary education are also established in the city to cater to the local population. All schools are affiliated to either CBSE, ICSE, or the UP State Board.

Elementary and secondary educational institutions of Hapur also include:

  • Arya Kanya Inter College, Hapur
  • Arya Kanya Pathshala Inter College, Hapur
  • Bethesda Christian Academy, Modi Nagar Road, Hapur
  • Smt. Brahma Devi Saraswati Balika Vidya Mandir
  • C.T.C. Janta Inter College
  • Delhi Public School, Preet Vihar, Hapur
  • Dewan Inter College (formerly Hapur Inter College)
  • Dewan Public School Hapur
  • Gitanjali Public School, Hapur
  • Gyandeep Public School, Hapur
  • International Buddha Education Institute
  • J.D. Public Inter College, Hapur
  • Smt. Kamla Agarwal Public School, Meerut Road, Hapur
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya E.B.S. Babugarh Cantt
  • L.N. (Lakhimal Nanakchand) Public School
  • Little Flowers Public School, Avas Vikas Colony, Meerut Road
  • Little Gems India Academy, Railway Road
  • Marry Rose City Convent Public School, Meerut Road, Hapur
  • Miniland Convent School, Hapur
  • O.M. Public School, New Shiv Puri, Hapur
  • Saraswati Bal Mandir Senior Secondary school, Keshav Nagar, Modinagar Road
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir
  • S.D.A. School (ICSE Board)
  • Shankar Modern Public Junior High School, NH-24, Hapur
  • S.S.K. Inter college, Hapur
  • S.S.V. Inter College, Hapur
  • Tagore Public School, Swarg Ashram Road
  • Tagore Public School, Avas Vikas Colony, Meerut Road
  • Tagore Shiksha Sadan Inter College, Swarg Ashram Road

Colleges and universities of Hapur include:

  • A.K.P. Degree College
  • Arya Kanya Degree (PG) College
  • C.T.C. Degree College
  • Commercial College
  • I.M.I.T. College
  • Indraprasta Institute of Information and Technology
  • J.M.S. Group of Colleges
  • Lord Krishna College of Engineering, Hapur
  • Monad University
  • Rama Medical College & Hospital, Jindal Nagar, Hapur
  • Rural Paramedical Instutute and Research Centre, Free Ganj Road
  • Shri Madhav College of Education
  • S.I.M.S., Delhi Boad (MBBS)
  • S.S.V. Degree College
  • Vivekanand College

Hapur has always been able to provide quality education to its residents and will continue to do so by constantly developing its infrastructure. The Government of Uttar Pradesh has passed a proposal to establish a university in the city, Hapur playing a significant role in the state's politics. Some of the city’s colleges, such as the S.S.V. Degree College and A.K.P. Degree College, are well known in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city also has a number of inter colleges and public schools, including technical institutions. Some of the Shiksha Bharati institutions including Brahma Devi Saraswati Balika Vidya Mandir are operational, while others are at different stages of planning and execution. Acquisition of land, development of infrastructure, provision of basic services, human resources planning, and fund raising have all been done keeping in mind society's plans for expansion.

Places to visit[edit]

Hapur has been a religious center since ancient times. There are various temples, mosques, gurdwaras, churches. There are also famous secular places (e.g. forts) to visit in Hapur.

  • Mandir Shri Radha Balhab Ji Maharaj ( Maheshwari Mandir), Garh Delhi Road, Arya Nagar
  • Arya Samaj Mandir, Delhi Garh Road
  • Sakyasingha Ratpala Buddha Monastery. Located in Buddha Lok, Meerut Road, Hapur. International Buddha Education Institute, Regional Center of the World Fellowship of Buddhists (WFB).
  • Chandi Mandir - This temple was built by Raja Harishchandra more than 500 years ago. It is located in a very crowded area called subzi mandi about 1 km. from the Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).
  • Sapnawat Sai Mandir - This is a famous temple of Sai Baba of Shirdi located in a nearby village of Sapnawat. It is also called the "mini shirdi". People from various regions - like Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand - come here to visit. The temple is situated 18 km. from Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).
  • Sabli Shiv Mandir - This is an ancient temple which was built about 700 years ago. It is located in a village named Sabli. During the time of ganga snan lakhs of Kanwariya come here. The temple is spread over a very large area and 8 KM. Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).
  • Garhmukteshwar - This is a well known pilgrimage site where people come from all over India, especially during the time of ganga snan. It is located 35 km. east of Hapur city on NH-24.
  • Bhora sahib-It is a gurdwara located on the Meerut Road where people from various places come.
  • Shiv Mandir - Located in the village of Naan, 7 km from hapur city.
  • Devi Mandir - Located in the village of Tumrail (5 km from Hapur City), this is a very old temple, which was built about 100 years ago.[citation needed]
  • Seventh-day Adventist Church - This church was built by Milton Mattison in 1919. There are two nearby institutions associated with this church:
  • Milton Mattison Memorial Hospital, located on Meerut Road, near the LIC office, providing general medicine, general surgery and ob/gyn services. It also has the best and largest dental facility (7 chairs) in the city.
  • The S.D.A Mission School campus, which is Located on Meerut Road, near the flyover, and 3 km from Harpur city center (tehsil chopla).
  • Tatarpur Catholic Church, Hapur, 8 km from Harpur city center (tehsil chopla).


Forts:

  • Asoura Fort, located in Asoura village, near Meerut Road, Hapur.
  • Kuchesar Mud Fort Located near NH-24 on Kuchesar Road, Hapur, near Kamla School.

Famous personages[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hapur". Encyclopædia Britannica 11 (14th ed.). Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1956. p. 167. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Hapur
  3. ^ a b c "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (pdf). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "India Weather on Web" (XHTML 1.0 Transitional). India Meteorological Department. p. 1. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "A Brief Profile - The Genesis of Hapur Pilkhuwa Development Authority". Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 

See Also[edit]