Har Adar

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Har Adar
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew הַר אֲדָר
Har Adar View from West.jpg
Har Adar is located in Israel
Har Adar
Har Adar
Coordinates: 31°49′34″N 35°07′47″E / 31.82611°N 35.12972°E / 31.82611; 35.12972Coordinates: 31°49′34″N 35°07′47″E / 31.82611°N 35.12972°E / 31.82611; 35.12972
Region West Bank
District Judea and Samaria Area
Founded 1982
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1995)
 • Head of Municipality Aviram Cohen (since 2004)
Area
 • Total 994 dunams (99.4 ha or 246 acres)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,978
Name meaning Mount Adar

Har Adar (Hebrew: הַר אֲדָר) is an Israeli settlement and local council in the Seam Zone and the Maccabim sub-region of the West Bank. Har Adar was founded in 1982[1] and has a population of approximately 4,000.[2] It is located near Abu Ghosh and the Green Line on Road 425, approximately 15 kilometers west of Jerusalem. Har Adar is ranked high on the Israeli socio-economic scales, at 9/10.[3]

History[edit]

Harel Brigade memorial in Har Adar

The location of Har Adar was named Radar Hill (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת הָרָדָאר, Giv'at HaRadar), for the World War II British military installation there which had an anti-air radar for the protection of Jerusalem. The installation was handed over to the Jordanian Arab Legion on May 10, 1948, prior to the second phase of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[4] 23 attempts by the Palmach's Harel Brigade to conquer it failed,[1] although the Jewish force held the position for four days starting May 22, 1948.[4] It was finally captured in the Six-Day War by the Harel Brigade. A monument for the fallen soldiers of the brigade stands at the top of the town.[1]

The current settlement was founded in 1982 by the Radar Hill Organization. Har Adar (lit. Mount Adar) was a similar-sounding Hebrew name given to the hill and the settlement.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Westward view from Har Adar

In 2009, the population of Har Adar was 99.3% Jewish, with a more or less even distribution of men and women (1,700 men and 1,600 women).[3] The age distribution was as follows:

Age 0–4 5–9 10–14 15–19 20–29 30–44 45–59 60–64 65–74 75+
Percentage 9.6 10.3 9.8 8.0 12.4 20.3 17.6 6.7 4.4 0.9
Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics[3]

Economy[edit]

Har Adar is ranked 9/10 (high) on the Israeli socio-economic scale.[3] According to Business Data Israel (BDI), in 2006 Har Adar had the most stable economy of all Israeli local councils, along with Kfar Shmaryahu.[5] In 2009, the municipal surplus stood at NIS 187,000.[3]

In 2009, there were 1,471 salaried workers in Har Adar. The average salary for males was NIS 15,987, and 8,882 for women – both higher than the national average. 25.5% salaried workers worked for minimum wage. In addition, there were 143 self-employed workers, with an average income of NIS 12,311.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel (in Hebrew). Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 255. ISBN 965-448-413-7. 
  2. ^ http://www.moin.gov.il/Subjects/Bchirot/Documents/election-yosh.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Local Authorities in Israel 2009, Publication #1451 - Municipality Profiles - Har Adar" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Giv'at HaRadar". Ariel Encyclopedia (in Hebrew). Volume 2. Israel: Am Oved. pp. 1165–1166. 
  5. ^ "Har Adar: The Most Economically Organized Council". Emtza HaShavu'a (Jerusalem) (in Hebrew) (Yedioth Ahronoth). February 26, 2008. 

See also[edit]

'Israeli settler and Palestinian cooperate to save horned owl,' Ynet 23 January 2015.

External links[edit]