Haraç

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The Haraç, or Harač, was a poll-tax in the Ottoman empire.[1]

It developed from an earlier form of land taxation and was, in principle, only payable by non-Muslims; it was seen as a counterpart to zakat paid by Muslims.[2] The Haraç system later merged into the Cizye taxation system.

Haraç collection was reformed by a firman of 1834, which abolished the old levying system, and required that haraç should be raised by a commission composed of the Kadı and the Ayans, or municipal chiefs of Rayas in each district. The firman made several other changes to taxation.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Malcolm, Noel (1994). Bosnia: A Short History. Macmillan. p. 318. ISBN 0-330-41244-2. 
  2. ^ Hunter, Malik and Senturk, p. 77