Harberton

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This article is about the village in Devon, England. For the place in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, see Estancia Harberton.
Harberton
Harberton, St Andrew.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Harberton
Harberton is located in Devon
Harberton
Harberton
 Harberton shown within Devon
Population 1,285 
OS grid reference SX777585
Civil parish Harberton
District South Hams
Shire county Devon
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Devon

Coordinates: 50°24′49″N 3°43′18″W / 50.4136°N 3.7217°W / 50.4136; -3.7217

Harberton is a village, civil parish and former manor 3 miles south west of Totnes, in the South Hams District of Devon, England. The parish includes the village of Harbertonford situated on the main A381 road. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 1,285.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The village takes its name from the River Harbourne, which flows through the parish.

Church of St Andrew[edit]

The Parish Church of St Andrew is a fine building of the 14th to 15th centuries with a handsome tower. The late medieval rood screen is a notable example with richly carved cornice and vaulting. The font is a very fine piece of Norman work and the pulpit is 15th century.[2]

Harberton, Tierra del Fuego[edit]

Harberton was the home of Mary Ann Varder (1842–1922), who married Thomas Bridges on August 7, 1869 and moved with him in 1871 to Tierra del Fuego. There they established an estancia in 1886, which they named Harberton after Mary's birthplace.[3]

History[edit]

Anglo-Saxons[edit]

According to Risdon (d.1640), Harberton was the residence of Alric the Saxon.[4]

Normans[edit]

Harberton was one of twelve feudal baronies in Devonshire said to have existed according to Pole (d.1635).[5] It was not however recognised as such in the 1960 work by Sanders, English Baronies.[6]

Domesday Book[edit]

Harberton is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, as it was then a constituent estate of the manor of Chillington, which is listed.

Bigod[edit]

According to Risdon (d.1640), Roger le Bigod (d. 1107), was seized of lands in Harberton.[7]

de Nonant[edit]

Arms of de Nonant (adopted at start of the Age of Heraldry (c.1200-1215): Argent, a lion rampant gules[8]
  • Roger I de Nonant (d.pre-1123). The estate of Harberton was granted out of the royal manor of Chillington (in the parish of Stockenham) by King Henry I (1100-1135) to Roger I de Nonant[9] (d.pre-1123), feudal baron of Totnes[10]
  • Guy de Nonant (d. pre-1141)[11]
  • Roger II de Nonant (d.circa 1177), a supporter of Empress Maud.[12]
  • Henry de Nonant (d.1206).[13]
  • Roger III de Nonant, who married a certain Alice, but without consent of King John (1199-1216), who seized his barony of Totnes back into crown lands.[14]

de Vautort[edit]

Arms of de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall, and feudal barons of Harberton, Devon: Argent, three bends gules a bordure sable bezantée.[15] A bordure bezantée is a feature in the arms of many families which held under the overlordship of the Earls of Cornwall

The feudal barony of Harberton was granted to the de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall. Surviving sources (i.e. Pole, Risdon and Sanders)[16] confuse between themselves the names Roger, Reginald and Ralph de Vautort, leading to disparate and irreconcilable accounts of the true descent of the family. All accounts however agree that it was held for several generations by this family, which died out in the male line in the 13th century.

Notable residents[edit]

Dr John Huxham, the surgeon and doctor, was born here in 1672.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ONS 2001 census
  2. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968) Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches; the South. London: Collins; p. 162
  3. ^ Bridges, E. L. (1948) Uttermost Part of the Earth : Patagonia & Tierra del Fuego. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1948; republished 2008, Overlook Press ISBN 978-1-58567-956-0
  4. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.165
  5. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, Book I, p.21
  6. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960
  7. ^ Risdon, p.165
  8. ^ Pole, p.445
  9. ^ Thorn, Caroline & Frank, (eds.) Domesday Book, (Morris, John, gen.ed.) Vol. 9, Devon, Parts 1 & 2, Phillimore Press, Chichester, 1985, part 2 (notes), 1,34
  10. ^ Sanders, p.89
  11. ^ Sanders, p.89
  12. ^ Sanders, p.89
  13. ^ Sanders, p.89
  14. ^ Pole, p.11
  15. ^ per Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.505
  16. ^ Pole, p.21; Risdon, p.165; Sanders, p.90

External links[edit]