Harborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Harborough
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harborough in Leicestershire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Leicestershire within England.
County Leicestershire
Electorate 78,753 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Market Harborough, Oadby, Wigston
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Edward Garnier (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from South Leicestershire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Harborough /ˈhɑrbrə/ or /ˈhɑrbʉrə/is a constituency[n 1] covering the south of Leicestershire[n 2] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 3] since 1992 by Conservative Party member and barrister Sir Edward Garnier QC.

Current representative[edit]

Sir Edward Garnier QC was Shadow Attorney General England and Wales, scrutinizing decisions of the head of the UK government's highest legal office[n 4] and "earned wide acclaim for a thoughtful performance in that role, in which he demonstrated his legal expertise without becomingly excessively partisan"[2] from 1997 until 2001. From 2007 until 8 September 2009 he was Shadow Minister for Prisons after which he once again became Shadow Attorney General. He served for two years from 2010 until a reshuffle on 4 September 2012 as Solicitor General which is a slightly lower position than Attorney-General, delegated specific advice responsibilities, without litigation responsibilities.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency takes its name from Market Harborough, seat of the Harborough local government district. The constituency excludes parts of the Harborough district (including some eastern suburbs of Leicester which are in the Rutland & Melton constituency, but includes the smaller borough of Oadby and Wigston that adjoins Leicester.

History[edit]

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and in boundary changes in 1974 reflecting the growth in population and electorate of Leicestershire lost a large amount of its territory to the new seat of Blaby.

Latest boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Leicestershire, the Boundary Commission for England has made only minor changes to the existing constituency arrangement. The modified constituency will be formed by the following electoral wards;

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1885 Thomas Tertius Paget Liberal
1886 Thomas Keay Tapling Conservative
1891 by-election John William Logan Liberal
1904 by-election Philip James Stanhope Liberal
1906 Rudolph Chambers Lehmann Liberal
Dec. 1910 John William Logan Liberal
1916 by-election Percy Alfred Harris Liberal
1918 Sir Keith Alexander Fraser Coalition Conservative
1923 John Wycliffe Black Liberal
1924 Lewis Phillips Winby Conservative
1929 The Earl Castle Stewart Unionist
1933 by-election Arthur Ronald Lambert Field Tree Conservative
1945 Humphrey Attewell Labour
1950 John Baldock Conservative
1959 Sir John Farr Conservative
1992 Edward Garnier Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Harborough[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Garnier 26,894 49.0 +6.1
Liberal Democrat Zuffar Haq 17,017 31.0 -3.6
Labour Kevin McKeever 6,981 12.7 -6.6
BNP Geoff Dickens 1,715 3.1 +3.1
UKIP Marietta King 1,462 2.7 -0.5
English Democrats David Ball 568 1.0 +1.0
Independent Jeff Stephenson 228 0.4 +0.4
Majority 9,877 18.0
Turnout 54,865 70.4 +6.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Garnier 20,536 42.9 −1.8
Liberal Democrat Jill Hope 16,644 34.7 +1.3
Labour Peter Evans 9,222 19.2 −0.8
UKIP Marietta King 1,520 3.2 +1.2
Majority 3,892 8.1
Turnout 47,922 64.3 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing −1.6
General Election 2001: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Garnier 20,748 44.7 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Jill Hope 15,496 33.4 +3.9
Labour Raj Jethwa 9,271 20.0 -5.2
UKIP David Knight 912 2.0 N/A
Majority 5,252 11.3
Turnout 46,427 63.3 -11.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Garnier 22,170 41.83
Liberal Democrat M Cox 15,646 29.52
Labour N Holden 13,332 25.15
Referendum Party N Wright 1,859 3.51
Majority 6,524 12.31
Turnout 53,007 75.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Harborough[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Garnier 34,280 54.6 −4.9
Liberal Democrat MA Cox 20,737 33.0 +5.3
Labour Ms. C Mackay 7,483 11.9 −1.0
Natural Law AP Irwin 328 0.5 +0.5
Majority 13,543 21.6 −10.2
Turnout 62,828 82.1 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing −5.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 35,216 59.40
Liberal TJ Swift 16,406 27.70
Labour P Harley 7,646 12.90
Majority 18,810 31.70
Turnout 79.30
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 32,957 60.10
Liberal TJ Swift 14,472 26.40
Labour M Upham 6,285 11.50
Ecology B Fewster 802 1.46
BNP J Taylor 280 0.51
Majority 18,485 33.73
Turnout 75.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 33,328 60.37
Labour Peter Soulsby 11,350 20.56
Liberal P Weatherall 9,529 17.26
National Front A Ashby 1,002 1.81
Majority 21,978 39.81
Turnout 80.03
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 25,776 51.27
Liberal NG Reynolds 12,567 25.00
Labour RLW Briant 11,934 23.74
Majority 13,209 26.27
Turnout 76.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Harborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 27,974 50.81
Liberal N Reynolds 15,501 28.16
Labour JW Robinson 11,579 21.03
Majority 12,473 22.66
Turnout 84.41
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Harborough

Electorate 103,381

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 44,933 56.35
Labour James Marshall 25,728 32.26
Liberal Wilfrid EH Pickard 9,079 11.39
Majority 19,205 24.08
Turnout 77.13
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Harborough

Electorate 86,198

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 32,450 46.11
Labour Wilfred Frank Higgins 25,453 36.17
Liberal Jack O Galloway 12,475 17.73
Majority 6,997 9.94
Turnout 81.65
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Harborough

Electorate 80,122

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 32,905 49.24
Labour George Henry Perry 20,389 30.51
Liberal Edward G Rushworth 13,533 20.25
Majority 12,516 18.73
Turnout 83.41
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Harborough

Electorate 67,790

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arnold Farr 29,281 51.03
Labour John R Mably 16,767 29.22
Liberal Edward G Rushworth 11,333 19.75
Majority 12,514 21.81
Turnout 84.65
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Harborough

Electorate 61,019

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Markham Baldock 27,257 53.60
Labour Robert N Hales 17,073 33.57
Liberal Edward G Rushworth 6,524 12.83
Majority 10,184 20.03
Turnout 83.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Harborough

Electorate 64,285

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Markham Baldock 29,395 52.21
Labour Thomas Christopher Boyd 21,648 38.45
Liberal Henry Charles Bazeley 5,258 9.34
Majority 7,747 13.76
Turnout 87.58
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Harborough

Electorate 62,874

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Markham Baldock 27,842 49.75
Labour Humphrey Cooper Attewell 21,381 38.21
Liberal Henry Charles Bazeley 6,467 11.56
Independent NH Symington 273 0.49
Majority 6,461 11.55
Turnout 89.01
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945

Electorate 72,316

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Humphrey Cooper Attewell 23,353 42.50
Conservative Arthur Ronald Lambert Field Tree 23,149 42.13
Liberal Wilfrid Horace Kirby 8,451 15.38
Majority 204 0.37
Turnout 75.99
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: Ronald Tree

  • Labour: A E Bennett

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 55,397

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Ronald Lambert Field Tree 25,308 63.23
Labour Ronald McKinnon Wood 14,718 36.77
Majority 10,590 26.46
Turnout 72.25
Conservative hold Swing
Harborough by-election, 1933

Electorate 52,486

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Ronald Lambert Field Tree 19,320
Labour William Bennett 12,460
Liberal W C Wilson 6,144
Majority 6,860
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 51,230

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Earl of Castle Stewart 29,790 74.47
Labour Frederick John Wise 10,212 25.53
Majority 19,578 48.94
Turnout 78.09
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 47,196

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist The Earl of Castle Stewart 16,164
Labour Frederick John Wise 12,620
Liberal George Nicholls 9,846
Majority 3,544
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 30,602

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Lewis Phillips Winby 13,024
Labour J. S. Hyder 6,032
Liberal John Wycliffe Black 5,726
Majority 6,992
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 29,505

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Wycliffe Black 10,841
Unionist Sir Keith Alexander Fraser 9,537
Majority 1,304
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
Walter John Baker
General Election 1922

Electorate 28,594

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Keith Alexander Fraser 9,356
Liberal John Wycliffe Black 6,427
Labour Walter John Baker 6,205
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Maj. Sir Keith Alexander Fraser
8,465
Liberal Percy Alfred Harris 4,608
Labour Walter John Baker 4,495
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ But excluding Blaby District since 1974
  3. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  4. ^ who brings actions on points of unsatisfactory criminal common law and unduly lenient sentences; and supervises the Crown Prosecution Service, the Serious Fraud Office, and other government lawyers with the authority to prosecute cases. Additionally, the Attorney General superintends the Treasury Solicitor's Department, HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, The Service Prosecuting Authority and the strategic body, the National Fraud Authority.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Edward Garnier, Conservative MP Harborough". BBC News. 22 Oct 2002. Retrieved 11 Apr 2010. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ UK Polling Report
  5. ^ http://leicestershire.blogspot.com/2010/03/bnp-parliamentary-candidates-part-4.html
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°00′W / 52.5°N 1.0°W / 52.5; -1.0