Harbour Line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

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Harbour Line
Overview
System Mumbai Suburban Railway
Locale Mumbai, Maharashtra
Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
Termini CST, Andheri, Panvel
Thane, Nerul, Vashi
Stations 38
Services
Daily ridership 1 million[1]
Operation
Opening 12 December 1910
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Central Railway (CR)
Character At grade and elevated
Technical
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Operating speed 50 km/h (31 mph)

The Harbour Line is a branch line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway operated by Central Railways. It was named so because it catered to the eastern neighbourhoods along the city's natural harbour. Its termini are Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), Andheri and Panvel on the CST-Andheri, CST-Panvel and Panvel-Andheri routes. The first section of the line, between Kurla and Reay Road, opened on 12 December 1910. In 1925, the line was connected to the then Victoria Terminus via an elevated rail corridor between Dockyard Road and Sandhurst Road.[2] Suburban services to Mankhurd began in 1951. The line was later extended from Mankhurd to serve most of Navi Mumbai via the Mankhurd - Belapur - Panvel rail corridor in the 1990s.

The line is a double line and therefore does not have any fast trains on it. The line runs parallel to the Central Railway line till just before Sandhurst Road station where the line turns eastward and runs elevated up till Sewri. At Wadala Road, the line branches into two. The first line joins with the Western Line at Mahim and terminates at Andheri. The second line follows through Mankhurd into the city of Navi Mumbai, where it again branches out into two lines, one going to Thane and the other to Panvel. The first stop outside Mumbai is the township of Vashi.

The Mankhurd - Belapur - Panvel rail corridor that connects the suburban rail network to Navi Mumbai was commissioned in phases in the 1990s. Vashi was connected in May 1992, Nerul in Feb 1993, Belapur in June 1993 and Panvel in June, 1998. The corridor was converted to double line in April, 2000.[3] In 2004, the Trans-Harbour Line was opened to the public. The line directly connected Vashi to Thane. This proved to be a boon for commuters of the two stations, who, until then, had to take a circuitous route via Mumbai city and had to change trains at Kurla.

About 580 services run daily on the Harbour Line.[4] Approximately 208 of those are on the Thane-Vashi-Nerul-Panvel route and 172 of those run on the CST-Andheri route.[5]

Stations[edit]

(All Harbour Line services are slow.)

Harbour Line (CST – Wadala Road – Andheri/Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
1 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस छत्रपती शिवाजी टर्मिनस ST Central Line
2 Masjid मशिद मस्जिद Central Line
3 Sandhurst Road सैंडहर्स्ट रोड सैंडहर्स्ट रोड Central Line
4 Dockyard Road डॉकयार्ड रोड डॉकयार्ड रोड None
5 Reay Road रे रोड रे रोड None
6 Cotton Green कॉटन ग्रीन कॉटन ग्रीन None
7 Sewri शिवडी शिवडी None
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड VD To Andheri or Panvel (Harbour Line)

At Wadala Road, the Harbour Line splits into two corridors; one going to Panvel and the other to Andheri.

Towards Panvel[edit]

Harbour Line (Wadala Road – Panvel)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड़ VD To Andheri (Harbour Line)
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar गुरु तेग बहादुर नगर गुरु तेग बहादुर नगर None
10 Chunabhatti चुनाभट्टी चुनाभट्टी None
11 Kurla कुर्ला कुर्ला CH Central Line
12 Tilak Nagar टिळकनगर तिलकनगर TKNG None
13 Chembur चेंबूर चेंबूर CM None
14 Govandi गोवंडी गोवंडी None
15 Mankhurd मानखुर्द मानखुर्द M None
16 Vashi वाशी वाशी VA Trans-Harbour Line
17 Sanpada सानपाडा सानपाड़ा Trans-Harbour Line
18 Juinagar जुईनगर जुईनगर Trans-Harbour Line
19 Nerul नेरूळ नेरूल NU Trans-Harbour Line
20 Seawoods-Darave सीवूड्स-दारावे सीवूड्स-दारावे None
21 CBD Belapur सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर सी.बी.डी. बेलापूर BR None
22 Kharghar खारघर खारघर None
23 Mansarovar मानसरोवर मानसरोवर None
24 Khandeshwar खांदेश्वर खांदेश्वर None
25 Panvel पनवेल पनवेल PL None

Towards Andheri[edit]

Harbour Line (Wadala Road – Andheri)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
English Marathi Hindi
8 Wadala Road वडाळा रोड वडाला रोड VD To Panvel (Harbour Line)
9 King's Circle किंग्ज सर्कल किंग्ज सर्कल None
10 Mahim माहिम माहिम Western Line
11 Bandra वांद्रे बान्दरा B Western Line
12 Khar Road खार रोड खार रोड Western Line
13 Santacruz सांताक्रुझ सांताक्रुझ Western Line
14 Vile Parle विले पार्ले वि₳ले पार्ले Western Line
15 Andheri अंधेरी अंधेरी AD Western Line

Future development[edit]

Work is currently underway to extend the Harbour Line up to Goregaon. The project will cost INR1.03 billion (US$17 million).[6] It is expected to be completed by June 2016. Further extension of this line has been accepted under MUTP III till Borivali.

Harbour Line services will be converted to 12-car by March 2016. This is expected to increase the carrying capacity of the harbour line by nearly 33%.[7] The core project will cost INR7.50 billion and about 153 more coaches will be required.[8]

Harbour Line faces chronic problem of old rakes. Some of the running being older than 30 years. According to the Central Railway, of the 72 new Bombardier AC traction rakes being procured, the Harbour Line would be given 36 of them, on a priority basis, once the DC to AC traction is completed by mid-2015. [9]

Kurla – Shivajinagar service[edit]

CR has sought permission from the Railway Board to run EMUs on the Harbour Line between Kurla and Shivajinagar in Pune. The service would provide direct connectivity between Navi Mumbai and Pune, which is currently not available.[10] EMUs will be modified to include 6 motor cars.

CR plans to use 16 coach mail/express trains to cover the 170 km distance in approximately 2 hours and 50 minutes. Stations on the line will be Kurla, Vashi, Belapur, Panvel, Karjat, Lonavla and Shivajinagar.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]