Harburg, Hamburg

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For the quarter in Hamburg, the district in Lower Saxony and the train station, see Harburg (quarter), Harburg (district) and Hamburg-Harburg station.
Harburg
Borough of Hamburg
The town hall of Harburg
The town hall of Harburg
Coat of arms of Harburg
Coat of arms
Harburg  is located in Germany
Harburg
Harburg
Coordinates: 53°27′N 9°58′E / 53.450°N 9.967°E / 53.450; 9.967Coordinates: 53°27′N 9°58′E / 53.450°N 9.967°E / 53.450; 9.967
Country Germany
State Hamburg
City Hamburg
Area
 • Total 161 km2 (62 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 202,526
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration HH

Harburg (UN/LOCODE: DE HBU) is a borough of the city of Hamburg, Germany, and a quarter in this borough. The quarter used to be the capital of the district in Lower Saxony. The borough Harburg lies on the southern shores of the river Elbe and covers parts of the port of Hamburg, residential and rural areas and some research institutes. In 2006 the population of the borough was 201,119.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Harburg upon Elbe

Until 1937 Harburg belonged to the Prussian Province of Hanover, where it was the capital of the district of Harburg. In 1927 it was merged with the nearby city of Wilhelmsburg to form the city of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg. Following the Greater Hamburg Act Harburg, together with other cities such as Altona, was incorporated into the city of Hamburg.[1] Despite its incorporation into Hamburg, Harburg continued to be the district capital of the Hanoverian district of Harburg. In 1944, the district capital was transferred to Winsen upon Luhe.

On 1 January 2007 the Ortsämter (Precincts) were dissolved and the organisation of all boroughs of Hamburg was restructured. In the borough Harburg to the former precinct Kerngebiet Harburg (central area) had belonged the quarters Eißendorf, Gut Moor, Harburg, Heimfeld, Langenbek, Marmstorf, Neuland, Rönneburg, Sinstorf and Wilstorf. The quarters Altenwerder, Cranz, Francop, Hausbruch, Moorburg, Neuenfelde and Neugraben-Fischbek belonged to the precinct Süderelbe (south of river Elbe).[2]

On 1 March 2008 Harburg's quarter Wilhelmsburg was transferred to the borough Hamburg-Mitte due to a law of Hamburg.[3]

Geography[edit]

In 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the borough Harburg has a total area of 160.6 km² and the quarter Harburg has an area of 3.9 km².

Administrative divisions[edit]

Like the other boroughs of Hamburg, Harburg is divided into quarters. They are:

Demographics[edit]

In 2006 there were 201,119 inhabitants in the borough. The population density was 1,253 people per km². 18.9% were children under the age of 18, and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. 20.1% were resident aliens. 12,785 people were registered as unemployed.[4] In 1999 there were 94,273 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them and 40% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11.[5]

Population by year[4]

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
182,512 183,710 187,244 190,623 192,546 195,423 196,541 196,931 197,535 197,710 197,383 195,873 195,830
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
196,263 198,400 198,924 199,715 200,092 200,322 201,119

In 2006 there were 24,900 criminal offences in borough (124 crimes per 1000 people).[6]

These numbers include the Harburg quarter.

Diet of the borough[edit]

Simultaneously with elections to the state parliament (Bürgerschaft), the Bezirksversammlung is elected as representatives of the citizens. It consists of 51 representatives. See also: Boroughs of Hamburg

Elections[edit]

Elections were held in Hamburg on 24 February 2008. The five parties having more than 5 percent in recent polls (minimum to qualify) are the conservative CDU, the social-democratic SPD, the ecologist Green Party (GAL), the left-wing Die Linke and liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP). The voter participation were 54.6%.[7]

Party Percent Seats
CDU 40 21
SPD 35.8 18
GAL 10.1 5
Die Linke 8.1 4
FDP 6 3

Education[edit]

The borough has 32 elementary schools and 26 secondary schools (e.g. Friedrich-Ebert-Gymnasium) including 3 elementary schools and 4 secondary schools in the quarter Harburg.[8]

The Hamburg University of Technology has an international reputation for its engineering faculties.

Infrastructure[edit]

Health systems[edit]

There were 316 physicians in private practice and 48 pharmacies in 2006.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Railway station Hamburg-Harburg

The borough and the quarter are served by the rapid transit system of the city train with several stations. The Hamburg-Harburg railway station is also a station for long-distance passenger trains for the German railway company.

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), in the borough Harburg were 69,262 private cars registered (346 cars/1000 people).[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Groß-Hamburg-Gesetz
  2. ^ Verwaltungsreform (administrational reform)
  3. ^ Act of the areal organisation
  4. ^ a b Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  6. ^ State Investigation Bureaux (Landeskriminalamt), source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  7. ^ Final election result, source: statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2008)
  8. ^ a b c Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)

References[edit]

External links[edit]