Harcourt Butler

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Spencer Harcourt Butler
GCSI, GCIE, KStJ
Governor of Burma
In office
2 January 1923 – 20 December 1927
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Charles Alexander Innes
Lieutenant Governor of Burma
In office
21 December 1922 – 2 January 1923
Preceded by Reginald Craddock
Succeeded by Office dissolved
Lieutenant Governor of Burma
In office
28 October 1915 – 22 September 1917
Preceded by George Shaw
Succeeded by Walter Francis Rice
Personal details
Born 1 August 1869
Died 2 March 1938 (1938-03-03) (aged 68)
Nationality British
Relations Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler
Alma mater Harrow School, Balliol College, University of Oxford
Occupation Administrator

Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, GCSI, GCIE, KStJ (1 August 1869 – 2 March 1938) was an officer of the Indian Civil Services. He served as Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1918-1921 and later was the first governor of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1921-22.

Educated at Harrow School and Balliol College, University of Oxford, Butler entered the Indian Civil Services soon afterwards, in 1890. He served as governor of United Provinces from 3 January 1921 to 21 December 1922, and was followed by Sir William Sinclair Marris. Butler later went on to serve as Governor of Burma from 2 January 1923 to 20 December 1927; he had already been lieutenant-governor of Burma from 28 October 1915 to 22 September 1917, and held the title briefly again from 21 December 1922 to 2 January 1923. On that date, the position became that of "Governor".

The Government of India in 1910 had appointed Sir Harcourt Butler as the first Member for Education with a seat on the Viceroy's Executive Council.[1] He was also the first president of Delhi Gymkhana, founded in 1913.[2] He was the brother of Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler.

Butler was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) in 1909, knighted as a Knight Commander (KCSI) of the same order in 1911, and promoted to Knight Grand Cross (GCSI) of the order in 1928. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in November 1901,[3] and was promoted to a Knight Grand Commander (GCIE) of the same order in 1923.

The Harcourt Butler Technological Institute in Kanpur, an engineering college established in 1921 was named after him. Also Harcourt Butler Higher Secondary School (Now Known as Harcourt Butler Senior Secondary School), New Delhi was also named after him in 1917. It was earlier called Bengali Boys School.

He helped the opening of the University of Medicine 1, Yangon, on 2 February 1927.

Titles[edit]

  • 1869–1901: Spencer Harcourt Butler
  • 1901–1909: Spencer Harcourt Butler, CIE
  • 1909–1911: Spencer Harcourt Butler, CSI, CIE
  • 1911–1913: Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, KCSI, CIE
  • 1913–1923: Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, KCSI, CIE, KStJ
  • 1923–1928: Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, GCIE, KCSI, KStJ
  • 1928–1938: Sir Spencer Harcourt Butler, GCSI, GCIE, KStJ
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir George Shaw
Lieutenant Governor of British Crown Colony of Burma
1915–1917
Succeeded by
Walter Francis Rice
Preceded by
Sir Reginald Henry Craddock
Lieutenant Governor of British Crown Colony of Burma
1922–1923
Succeeded by
last incumbent
Preceded by
first incumbent
Governor of British Crown Colony of Burma
1923–1927
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Alexander Innes

References[edit]