Harda

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Harda District.
Harda
हरदा
city
Harda is located in Madhya Pradesh
Harda
Harda
Coordinates: 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1Coordinates: 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Harda
Elevation 296 m (971 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 61,712
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 07577
Vehicle registration MP 47
Website www.harda.nic.in

Harda is a town and a municipality in Harda district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Harda is the administrative headquarters of Harda District.

History[edit]

During the 'Mughal' rule a prosperous village Handiya was situated west of Harda. The British tried to bring a progressive frame work to Harda during its rule. Harda was formed by combining Kul Harda and Mehmudabad Villages. After the railway lines were laid the conditions improved, and the area developed. In 1857 British officers worked here as judges and administrative Officers. Harda was one of the largest places in the old 'Madhya Prant' and includes area of 'Siwni Malwa.' The Harda language and culture is influenced by 'Malwa' and 'Nimad'. The main language used in Harda is known as Bhuani, and the region is known as the Bhuana area. Bhuana stands for the more fertilized land.Institution Of Secondary Distance Education"" Private Non-Governmental Board of School Education {mpisde.org}.

Flora and fauna[edit]

In the southern hill regions of Harda we can find the Tribal, 'Gond' and 'Korku' people. The south region of Harda was under 'Makdae' rule and the 'Gond' king was the ruler. The 'Bihola' village of harda was the developed 'Rajaswa' center in the Mughal empire. The area which was called as 'Gondwana' became non-tribal(it is still tribal because there is a vast tribal population) during the British rule, as the workers, administration officials, farmers and business community was in touch with the states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat for a 150 years the area got influenced by the culture of these states.

Administration[edit]

On 18 May 1867 British established the 'Nagar Palika' in Harda and from 1920 the work was done as per the republic manner. The under ground drainage in Harda is best example of the British architect. For administration purposes Tahsil Harda was established in the year 1913.

Independence era[edit]

In the struggle for the freedom of India, Harda freedom fighters were in the first row. In 1916 Lokamanya Tilak visited Harda which had given more power to congress in Harda. On 08-12-1933 Mahatma Gandhi visited Harda for the Harijan welfare. Bapuji traveled Harda for 4 hours. Bapuji admired the work of officials and volunteers of Harda. One of the youngest freedom movement participant from central India Guru Radha Kishan was born in 1925 in BID village of Harda district. He was widely respected for his integrity, honesty, transparency and selflessness. Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Prakash Chandra Sethi once requested him to accept the Freedom Fighter pension which he refused. He did not want to accept any favour for his participation in the freedom struggle of India. On 15 Aug 1947 S.D.O Shri Beretha hosted the Indian flag on the police station of Harda.

Geography[edit]

Harda is located at 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1.[1] It has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 feet).coor title dm|22|20|N|77|06|E|region:IN_type:city

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Harda had a population of 61,712. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 49%. Harda has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 67%. In Harda, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religion in Harda
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
13%
Jains
  
5%
Others†
  
1.50%
Christians
  
.50%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.5%).

Temples[edit]

'Temples of Harda

GAYATRI SHAKTI PEETH:

MAHALAXMI MANDIR: at Agrawal Samaj Manglik Bhawan, Near Gayatri mandir, Indore Road, Harda

SAI MANDIR: at Indore Road, Near Bansal Petrol Pump, Harda

SHREE GUPTESHWAR MANDIR:

Shri Laxmi Narayan Bada Mandir : Magnificently decorated idols of Lord Laxmi Narayan. Shiva Linga is also placed in temple complex. Religious activities are performed, and huge crowds of devotees can be seen during festivals.

Shri Siddhi Vinayak Mandir : This is other temple in the Harda City. Devotees perform cultural activities during ganesh chaturdhi.

Khet Wali Mata Mandir : One of the famous temple in Harda city situated in Maharana Pratap Colony, Having the interesting history that the statue of the of Khet wali Mata was revealed from a well of farm(Khet).

Places of Interest near Harda[edit]

There are many places near Harda which can be visited during holidays :

1. Nemawar or Handia : Its a famous pilgrim spot and a sacred place situated around 20 km from Harda. The famous Narmada River flows and consists nabhi kund (centre of river Narmada ). There are also many temples dedicated to lord Shiva, out of which the famous temple built by Pandavas is also situated here. According to myths it was built during the Mahabharat era in a single night (6 months).

2. Charuwa : Famous Shiv temple and a small waterfall. Its scenic during monsoons.

3. Sirali : The famous Sai temple is situated in Sirali which is about 35 km away from Harda. The statue of Sai Baba is said to be exact replica of Shirdi Sai Baba. A must place to visit.

4. Salakanpur : Situated about 95 km from Harda, this place is famous for Salkanpur wali Devi ka Mandir, considered as one of the most sacred places for Hindu devotees. Every year a grand fair is held in salkanpur during Navratris.

Personalities[edit]

Education[edit]

  • Harda Deegre college Harda
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri college (LBS) Harda
  • Govt. Polytechnic College Harda
  • Govt. Excellence School Of Harda
  • St. Mary's School Harda
  • saraswati Vidya Mandir, Harda
  • Sunflower H.S.School detail
  • Narmada Vidhya Mandir Narmada Vidhya Mandir

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Harda". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

Govt. Polytechnic College Harda