Hardap Region

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Hardap Region
Region
Location of the Hardap Region in Namibia
Location of the Hardap Region in Namibia
Country Namibia
Capital Mariental
Government
 • Governor Katrina Hanse-Himarwa
Area[1]
 • Total 109,781 km2 (42,387 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 79,000
 • Density 0.72/km2 (1.9/sq mi)
Time zone South African Standard Time: UTC+1

Hardap is one of the thirteen regions of Namibia, its capital is Mariental. It is home to the Hardap Dam.

Hardap stretches the entire width of Namibia, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Namibia's eastern national border. In the northeast, it borders the Kgalagadi District of Botswana, and in the southeast, it borders the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Domestically, it borders the following regions:

Politics[edit]

The Governor of Hardap Region is Katrina Hanse-Himarwa, a member of SWAPO. In February 2009, Hanse-Himarwa was condemned by the National Society for Human Rights of Namibia for declaring Hardap Region "SWAPO territory" and urging supporters not to allow other political parties to "invade" the region.[2] In the 2004 Presidential election, the region supported Hifikepunye Pohamba of SWAPO with a narrow majority of the votes (52%), following by Ben Ulenga of Congress of Democrats (21%) and Katuutire Kaura of the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (16%). Four other candidates combined for the 11%.[3] The region comprises six political constituencies: Gibeon, Rehoboth Rural, Rehoboth West Urban, Rehoboth East Urban, Mariental Urban and Mariental Rural.[4]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Hardap has 55 schools with a total of 21,886 pupils.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Hardap Dam, outside of Mariental, at sunrise in April 2008

According to the Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census, Hardap had a population of 68,249 (33,665 females and 34,579 males or 103 males for every 100 females) growing at an annual rate of 0.3%. The fertility rate was 3.6 children per woman. 46% lived in urban areas while 54% lived in rural areas, and with an area of 109,651km2, the population density was 0.6 persons per km2. By age, 13% of the population was under 5 years old, 23% between 5-14 years, 55% between 15-59 years, and 8% 60 years and older. The population was divided into 15,039 households, with an average size of 4.4 persons. 34% of households had a female head of house, while 66% had a male. For those 15 years and older, 54% had never married, 30% married with certificate, 1% married traditionally, 9% married concensually, 2% were divorced or separated, and 4% were widowed.[6]

The most commonly spoken languages at home were Afrikaans (44% of households), and Nama/Damara (44%). For those 15 years and older, the literacy rate was 83%. In terms of education, 84% of girls and 83% of boys between the ages of 6-15 were attending school, and of those older than 15, 73% had left school, 9% were currently at school, and 13% had never attended.[6]

In 2001 the employment rate for the labor force (64% of those 15+) was 66% employed and 34% unemployed. For those 15+ years old and not in the labor force (29%), 29% were students, 37% homeakers, and 33% retired, too old, etc.[6] According to the 2012 Namibia Labour Force Survey, unemployment in the Hardap Region stood at 28.8%. The two studies are methodologically not comparable.[7]

Among households, 95% had safe water, 34% no toilet facility, 51% electricity for lighting, 77% access to radio, and 20% had wood or charcoal for cooking. In terms of household's main sources of income, 9% derived it from farming, 61% from wages and salaries, 7% cash remittances, 5% from business or non-farming, and 15% from pension.[6]

For every 1000 live births there were 62 female infant deaths and 64 male. The life expectancy at birth was 53 years for females and 51 for males. Among children younger than 15, 4% had lost a mother, 6% a father, and 1% were orphaned by both parents. 6% of the entire population had a disability, of which 19% were deaf, 47% blind, 7% had a speech disability, 10% hand disability, 28% leg disability, and 6% mental disability.[6]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Namibia's Population by Region". Election Watch (Institute for Public Policy Research) (1): 3. 2013. 
  2. ^ "Hardap Governor Incites Violence". Windhoek, Namibia: NamRights (National Society for Human Rights (Namibia)). 22 February 2009. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Hardap Region 2004 President results". Election Watch Namibia. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Elections 2009 - Profile - Hardap Region". New Era via AllAfrica.com. 7 September 2009. 
  5. ^ Miyanicwe, Clemans; Kahiurika, Ndanki (27 November 2013). "School counsellors overstretched". The Namibian. p. 1. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Hardap Region – Census Indicators, 2001". National Planning Commission. 2001. Retrieved 2008-12-27. 
  7. ^ Duddy, Jo Maré (11 April 2013). "Unemployment rate still alarmingly high". The Namibian. 

Literature[edit]

  • National Planning Commission (Namibia) (2007). Hardap Regional Poverty Profile: based on village-level participatory poverty assessments in Hardap Region, Namibia: October 2005-February 2006. Windhoek, Namibia: Office of the President. OCLC 475404251. 


Coordinates: 24°37′S 17°57′E / 24.617°S 17.950°E / -24.617; 17.950