Harden, New South Wales

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Harden
New South Wales
Harden 2.jpg
Harden is located in New South Wales
Harden
Harden
Coordinates 34°33′0″S 148°22′0″E / 34.55000°S 148.36667°E / -34.55000; 148.36667Coordinates: 34°33′0″S 148°22′0″E / 34.55000°S 148.36667°E / -34.55000; 148.36667
Population 1,877 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2587
Elevation 431 m (1,414 ft)
LGA(s) Harden Shire
State electorate(s) Burrinjuck
Federal Division(s) Hume
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
21.7 °C
71 °F
7.4 °C
45 °F
609.1 mm
24 in
Main street
Station

Harden-Murrumburrah is a township and community in the centre of Harden Shire and is located in the South West Slopes region of New South Wales in Australia and is adjacent to both the Canberra region of the Australian Capital Territory and the Riverina Region in the southwest area of NSW. The town is a twin town between Harden and Murrumburrah (which is noted as one of the earliest settlements in the southwest of New South Wales).

The shire is traversed by the Burley Griffin Way, the major link from and between the extra supportive the Riverina to the Hume Highway near Yass, and ultimately Sydney, Canberra and the coast. Cunningham Creek runs along the edge of the town.

The Olympic Highway traverses the western end of the shire and is the major link through the central west to the Blue Mountains and from there to the Sydney region.

Harden is 3½ hours away by road from Sydney, and 1½ hours from Canberra and Wagga Wagga. The shire is accessible via the XPT passenger rail service.

History[edit]

Before European settlement the Harden area was inhabited by the Wiradjuri people. Hume and Hovell passed nearby in 1824. In the late 1820s, the 'Murrumburra' was established. Its superintendent, James Kennedy, established an inn on the townsite in the late 1840s. Gold was found in the area in the 1850s.[2] A railway station was opened one km east of Murrumburrah on the Main Southern line in 1877 as Murrumburrah Station, but changed its name to Harden Station a year after the opening of a new station in Murrumburrah in 1879. The first Australian Lighthorse was also founded in Harden-Murrumburrah, with the Lighthorse festival occurring annually. Jack Wilfred Granger was the youngest mayor of Harden, and died in June 2008.[3] Harden has remained as the main station and, as a result, became the main town. Harden Post Office opened on 1 January 1870.[4]

Transport[edit]

The Main Southern Railway passes through Harden which was once one of the great railway towns.[citation needed] NSW TrainLink provide four XPT services passing through the town daily, two each way, an Xplorer service to Griffith on Saturday returning Sundays and a daily coach service between Cootamundra and Canberra.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Harden (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Harden". Walkabout, John Fairfax. Retrieved 2007-01-25. 
  3. ^ "Harden Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2007-01-25. 
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 

The Canberra Times " The Harden millions that no-one talks about" by Megan Doherty 30 June 2001

External links[edit]

Preceding station   NSW TrainLink   Following station
towards Griffith or Melbourne
NSW TrainLink Southern
Griffith Xplorer
Melbourne XPT
towards Sydney