Hardham

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Hardham
Hardham St Botolph.jpg
St Botolph's Church
Hardham is located in West Sussex
Hardham
Hardham
 Hardham shown within West Sussex
OS grid reference TQ038176
Civil parish Coldwaltham
District Horsham
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district RH20
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Arundel and South Downs
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Coordinates: 50°56′56″N 0°31′23″W / 50.949°N 0.523°W / 50.949; -0.523

Hardham is a small village in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. It is on the A29 road 1.2 miles (2 km) southwest of Pulborough.

Archaeology[edit]

The village is on the line of Stane Street Roman road,[1] which changes direction here, leaving the modern A29 road which has followed it from Capel, to head south west to Bignor and Chichester. The Sussex Greensand Way from Lewes joined Stane Street here and remains of a Roman way station or mansio have been found.[2]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church or St Botolph has some of the oldest surviving wall paintings in the country, including an image of Saint George at the Siege of Antioch in AD 1097.

The paintings date from the early 12th century. They survived by being covered by plaster until uncovered in 1866.[3]

The painters used colours made from locally available materials — red and yellow ochre, lime white, carbon black and a green from copper carbonate.

The paintings are in two tiers on each wall and originally had inscriptions describing the scenes above them. One if these can still be seen on the east wall of the nave.[4]

The themes of the paintings are Adam and Eve, the life of Christ, the Judgment and the Apocalypse, and the Labours of the Months.

Economic and social history[edit]

On higher ground on the south side of the village are the remains of Hardham Priory, the Priory of St. Cross, which was an Augustinian monastery established in the middle of the 13th century.[5]

In the late 18th century a canal tunnel was built on the Arun Navigation to avoid a large loop of the River Arun.[6] The railway line from Pulborough to Midhurst passed over the tunnel, and when the canal closed the railway company broke into the tunnel and filled that part of it under the rails with chalk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roman Britain website
  2. ^ Vincent, Alex (2000). Roman Roads of Sussex. Middleton Press. p. 31. ISBN 1-901706-48-6. 
  3. ^ Anonymous (2007). Hardham: Its History and its Church (Revised ed.). Hardham: Hardham Church. 
  4. ^ Hardham Church; Courtauld Institute of Art (1994). St. Botolph's Church, Hardham, West Sussex: The Wall Paintings. Hardham: Hardham Church. 
  5. ^ Page, William H, ed. (1973). A History of the county of Sussex, Volume 2. Victoria County History. pp. 74–75. 
  6. ^ Vine, P.A.L. (2000). The Arun Navigation. Images of England. Tempus Publishing Limited. pp. 76–82. ISBN 0-7524-2103-4. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hardham at Wikimedia Commons