Hardin County, Illinois

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Hardin County, Illinois
Elizabethtown, Illinois.jpg
Hardin County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Hardin County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1839
Named for John Hardin
Seat Elizabethtown
Largest city Rosiclare
Area
 • Total 182 sq mi (471 km2)
 • Land 178 sq mi (461 km2)
 • Water 4.1 sq mi (11 km2), 2.2%
Population
 • (2010) 4,320
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Topology of Hicks Dome in Hardin and Pope counties

Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 4,320,[1] making it the least populous county in Illinois. Its county seat is Elizabethtown.[2] It is in the part of the state known as Little Egypt.

History[edit]

Hardin County was formed in 1839 from Pope County. Additional area was later added from Gallatin County. Hardin County was named for Hardin County, Kentucky, which was named in honor of Colonel John Hardin, an officer in the Revolutionary War and the Northwest Indian War. Hardin was murdered by Shawnee Indians while he was on a peace mission in 1792, in what is now Shelby County, Ohio. In the 1790s and early 1800s, the Hardin County area, especially Cave-In-Rock, was notorious as a stronghold used by outlaws, bandits, river pirates, and counterfeiters.

Geography[edit]

Fluorite mineral specimen from Hardin County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 182 square miles (470 km2), of which 178 square miles (460 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (2.2%) is water.[3] It is the second-smallest county in Illinois by area.

Hicks Dome (37°31′53″N 88°22′06″W / 37.53139°N 88.36833°W / 37.53139; -88.36833) is an interesting geological feature in Hardin County. Some believe the dome may be related to an ancient meteor or comet impact, part of the 38th parallel structures, which are a string of geological features running west to Kansas. This is thought to be a string of impact craters from a celestial body that broke apart before striking the earth.[citation needed] However, the Hicks Dome is underlain by ultramafic igneous rocks and igneous diatremes or breccia pipes. Most geologists now accept the theory that the older rocks at the center of the uplift are a result of this deep seated igneous activity. This activity may also have provided the fluorine in the fluorspar deposits in the region. Fluorspar, or calcium fluoride, was mined in Hardin County until the early 1990s.

Climate and weather[edit]

Elizabethtown, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.5
 
41
21
 
 
3.7
 
47
24
 
 
4.7
 
57
33
 
 
4.8
 
68
42
 
 
5
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
84
60
 
 
4.2
 
87
65
 
 
3.5
 
87
63
 
 
3.2
 
80
55
 
 
3.2
 
70
43
 
 
4.4
 
57
34
 
 
4.3
 
46
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Elizabethtown have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 inches (82 mm) in October to 5.02 inches (128 mm) in May.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Hardin County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,378
1850 2,887 109.5%
1860 3,759 30.2%
1870 5,113 36.0%
1880 6,024 17.8%
1890 7,234 20.1%
1900 7,448 3.0%
1910 7,015 −5.8%
1920 7,533 7.4%
1930 6,955 −7.7%
1940 7,759 11.6%
1950 7,530 −3.0%
1960 5,879 −21.9%
1970 4,914 −16.4%
1980 5,383 9.5%
1990 5,189 −3.6%
2000 4,800 −7.5%
2010 4,320 −10.0%
Est. 2013 4,181 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 4,800 people, 1,987 households, and 1,367 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 2,494 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 2.75% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.4% were of American, 16.6% English, 14.5% German and 11.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.5% spoke English as their first language.

There were 1,987 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,693, and the median income for a family was $31,625. Males had a median income of $32,414 versus $17,091 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,984. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communtiies[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Elizabethtown, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]