Hardin County, Illinois
|Hardin County, Illinois|
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
181.58 sq mi (470 km²)
177.53 sq mi (460 km²)
4.05 sq mi (10 km²), 2.23%
27/sq mi (10/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. It is in the part of the state known as Little Egypt. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 4,320, which is a decrease of 10.0% from 4,800 in 2000. Its county seat is Elizabethtown.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 181.58 square miles (470.3 km2), of which 177.53 square miles (459.8 km2) (or 97.77%) is land and 4.05 square miles (10.5 km2) (or 2.23%) is water.
Hicks Dome ( ) is an interesting geological feature in Hardin County. Some believe the dome may be related to an ancient meteor or comet impact, part of the 38th parallel structures, which are a string of geological features running west to Kansas. This is thought to be a string of impact craters from a celestial body that broke apart before striking the earth. However, the Hicks Dome is underlain by ultramafic igneous rocks and igneous diatremes or breccia pipes. Most geologists now accept the theory that the older rocks at the center of the uplift are a result of this deep seated igneous activity. This activity may also have provided the fluorine in the fluorspar deposits in the region. Fluorspar, or calcium fluoride, was mined in Hardin County until the early 1990s.
- Gallatin County - north
- Union County, Kentucky - east
- Crittenden County, Kentucky - south
- Livingston County, Kentucky - southwest
- Pope County - west
- Saline County - northwest
National protected area
- Shawnee National Forest (part)
Hardin County was formed in 1839 from Pope County. Additional area was later added from Gallatin County. Hardin County was named for Hardin County, Kentucky, which was named in honor of Colonel John Hardin, an officer in the Revolutionary War and the Northwest Indian War. Hardin was murdered by Shawnee Indians while he was on a peace mission in 1792, in what is now Shelby County, Ohio. In the 1790s and early 1800s, the Hardin County area, especially Cave-In-Rock, was notorious as a stronghold used by outlaws, bandits, river pirates, and counterfeiters.
|IL Counties 1900-1990|
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,800 people, 1,987 households, and 1,367 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 2,494 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 2.75% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.4% were of American, 16.6% English, 14.5% German and 11.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.5% spoke English as their first language.
There were 1,987 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the county the population was spread out with 20.40% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $27,693, and the median income for a family was $31,625. Males had a median income of $32,414 versus $17,091 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,984. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.60% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Elizabethtown have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.22 inches (82 mm) in October to 5.02 inches (128 mm) in May.
- "Hardin County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Monthly Averages for Elizabethtown, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
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||Saline County||Gallatin County|
|Pope County||Union County, Kentucky and Crittenden County, Kentucky|
|Livingston County, Kentucky|