Hardoi

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Hardoi district.
Hardoi
city
Hardoi is located in Uttar Pradesh
Hardoi
Hardoi
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°25′N 80°07′E / 27.42°N 80.12°E / 27.42; 80.12Coordinates: 27°25′N 80°07′E / 27.42°N 80.12°E / 27.42; 80.12
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Hardoi
Government
 • Type UP Government
Area
 • Total 5,947 km2 (2,296 sq mi)
Elevation 134 m (440 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 170,314
 • Density 29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.hardoi.nic.in

Hardoi (Hindi: हरदोई Urdu: ہردوئی‎) is a riyasat and a municipal board in Hardoi district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Hardoi District.हरदोई

Geography[edit]

Hardoi is located at 27°25′N 80°07′E / 27.42°N 80.12°E / 27.42; 80.12.[1] It has an average elevation of 134 metres (440 ft). Hardoi is located at 110 km from Lucknow (capital of Uttar Pradesh) and 394 from New Delhi (capital of India). The Ganges and several of its tributaries are crossing the south of Hardoi district. Its area is 5947 km2. The record height is 500 ft. In 1995, Hardoi district had 5 km2 of dense forest and 13 km2 of open forest. The length of this district from northwest to southeast is 125.529 km and width from east to west is 74.83 km. District Hardoi comprises five tehsils (Hardoi, Shahabad, Bilgram, Sandila, and Sawayajpur), 19 blocks, 191 Nyay Panchayat, 1101 Gram Sabha, and 1901 inhabited revenue villages.

It also has 7 Nagar Palika Parishads & 6 Nagar Panchayats . Geographical area is 5947 km2. As per census 2011 population of the district is 4091380, out of which Female are 1887116 & Male are 2204264.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Hardoi had a population of 170,314. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Average literacy rate of Hardoi in 2011 were 68.89 compared to 51.88 of 2001, lower than the national average of 74.9%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 59%.[3] In Hardoi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Note :Famous 2012 Bollywood movie Ishaqzaade was shot in many locations of Hardoi district.

History[edit]

Name origin[edit]

People believe that the name Hardoi comes from distorted version of its earlier name Haridrohi, which is a Hindi word that means "anti to the God". According to Hindu theology, in the past it was ruled by a king Hiranyakashipu, who didn’t have faith in God, but instead declared himself as God. He wanted the people to pray to him, but later his own son Prahlad rebelled. He tried to kill his own son by various means, but was unsuccessful. Later, to save Prahlad, God himself came in disguise, such that he was neither human nor animal, and killed Hiranyakashipu. According to some scholars, the term "Hardoi" originated from the term "Haridwaya" which means two gods. Since there were two gods, Vamana Bhagavan (in the regime of King Bali) and Narasimha Bhagavan (in the regime of King Hiranyakashipu) had been incarnated hence the place called Haridwaya and later called Hardoi.

Muslim occupation[edit]

Hardoi is first mentioned during the Muslim rule. In 1028, Bwan was invaded by Sayyid Salara Masgud. However, Muslims didn’t occupy the region until 1217. After long struggle Sayyad Shakir established first Muslim site at GOPAMAU. Many battles between the Mogul and Afghan empires took place in Hardoi district due to the situation of the district. Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri between the cities of Bilgram and Sandi, and he escaped by crossing the river Ganges with the help of a bhisti to whom he had made the king for one day after regaining the throne.

Later, in February 1856, Hardoi, as a part of Oudh, became part of the British territory after Lord Dalhousie's proclamation. The headquarters of the district were at first Mallawan, but then became Hardoi after the Sepoy Mutiny.

Economy[edit]

In 1901, the main activities were wood-carving industry, salpetre works and grain trade. The district exported grain, sugar, hides, tobacco and salpetre.

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture is the main activity in the district and many people depend on it. Of the total area, 3980.45 km2 is devoted to agriculture. The main crops are paddy, sugarcane, wheat, vegetables, pulses and oilseeds. A small proportion of the total cultivated is used for horticulture: guava, mangos, some herbs, etc. Irrigation is made possible by the presence of the Hardoi and Lucknow branches of the Sarda Canal.

Transport[edit]

Hardoi has good services to major cities of Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow, Kanpur, Meerut, Moradabad, Barielly, Shahjahnpur, Agra, Bulandshar, Ghaziabad,Unnao Any many more) Hardoi prides that they have Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) from where major cities of INDIA can be accessed. Hardoi is connected to the following cities:

  • Lucknow (capital of Uttar Pradesh): 102 km by railway track and 110 km by road at regular interval and coming Local Trains
  • Kanpur: 140 km by road; 150 km by train buses at ISBT Hardoi.
  • New Delhi (capital of India): 394 km by railway track and road 24 service by ISBT Hardoi.
  • Bareily: 142 km by road;133 km by train at regular Interval night service By train.
  • Unnao: 110 km by road
  • Sitapur: 72 km by road bus at an interval of 1 hour on night service.

Notable people[edit]

Praveen Tripathi- CEO TAXWIZ
  http://www.taxwiz.in/

Education[edit]

Degree colleges[edit]

  • Government Dgree College (G.D.C)
  • Mahrana Pratap Government Degree College,Hardoi www.mpgpgcollegehardoi.com
  • Arya Kanya Degree College, Hardoi
  • Cane Societies Nehru Degree College
  • Dr. Harishankar Mishra Degree College & Law College
  • G.F. College of Law
  • Gulab Degree College
  • Katiyari Degree College
  • Maharana Pratap Government Post Graduate College
  • Shri Baijnath Singh Degree College
  • subhash chandra bose p.g. college kahli gausganj
  • Mahaveer Prasad Mahavidyalaya
  • Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia degree college Hardoi
  • Maikulal degree college Sanpkheda Hardoi
  • Manyawar Kanshiram Law College
  • Mahaveer Prasad Mayavati Mahavidyalya Daulatyarpur Madhoganj Hardoi 9452143851

Schools[edit]

  • N.P.Public Inter Colle Kyoti Khwajgipur Madhoganj Hardoi
  • S.D. Inter College Hardoi
  • R. R. Inter College Hardoi
  • GIC Inter College Hardoi
  • Bal Vidya Bhawan Public School
  • Shri Chhotey Lal Public School
  • Veni Madhav Vidyapeeth Girls College
  • New Heights School
  • Saint James Inter College
  • Shri Guru RamRai Inter College
  • Maharishi Vidya Mandir Inter College
  • Saint Xavier Inter School
  • Shri Dwarikaadish Higher Secondary School Sandi
  • Shri Dev Darwar Inter College Sandi
vedic vidiya mandir inter college
  • SpringDales Kindergarten School
  • Lokoday shiksha sansthan Inter College Bamtapur Sandi
  • A.S.V.V. Inter College Hardoi
  • Ganga Devi Inter College Hardoi

Lucknow Public School, Madhoganj

  • R.D.Kanaujia Inter College Chandipur Madhoganj Hardoi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc — Hardoi". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ Er. Ashok Kumar says: (2011-05-19). "Hardoi Census 2011 Highlights | Census 2011 Indian Population". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 

External links[edit]