|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
|• Type||UP Government|
|• Total||5,947 km2 (2,296 sq mi)|
|Elevation||134 m (440 ft)|
|• Density||29/km2 (74/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Hardoi is located at  It has an average elevation of 134 metres (440 ft). Hardoi is located at 110 km from Lucknow (capital of Uttar Pradesh) and 394 from New Delhi (capital of India). The Ganges and several of its tributaries are crossing the south of Hardoi district. Its area is 5947 km2. The record height is 500 ft. In 1995, Hardoi district had 5 km2 of dense forest and 13 km2 of open forest. The length of this district from northwest to southeast is 125.529 km and width from east to west is 74.83 km. District Hardoi comprises five tehsils (Hardoi, Shahabad, Bilgram, Sandila, and Sawayajpur), 19 blocks, 191 Nyay Panchayat, 1101 Gram Sabha, and 1901 inhabited revenue villages..
It also has 7 Nagar Palika Parishads & 6 Nagar Panchayats . Geographical area is 5947 km2. As per census 2011 population of the district is 4091380, out of which Female are 1887116 & Male are 2204264.
As of 2011[update] India census, Hardoi had a population of 170,314. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Average literacy rate of Hardoi in 2011 were 68.89 compared to 51.88 of 2001, lower than the national average of 74.9%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 59%. In Hardoi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Note :Famous 2012 Bollywood movie Ishaqzaade was shot in many locations of Hardoi district.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (March 2013)|
People believe that the name Hardoi comes from distorted version of its earlier name Haridrohi, which is a Hindi word that means "anti to the God". According to Hindu theology, in the past it was ruled by a king Hiranyakashipu, who didn’t have faith in God, but instead declared himself as God. He wanted the people to pray to him, but later his own son Prahlad rebelled. He tried to kill his own son by various means, but was unsuccessful. Later, to save Prahlad, God himself came in disguise, such that he was neither human nor animal, and killed Hiranyakashipu. According to some scholars, the term "Hardoi" originated from the term "Haridwaya" which means two gods. Since there were two gods, Vamana Bhagavan (in the regime of King Bali) and Narasimha Bhagavan (in the regime of King Hiranyakashipu) had been incarnated hence the place called Haridwaya and later called Hardoi.
Hardoi is first mentioned during the Muslim rule. In 1028, Bawan was invaded by Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud. However, Muslims didn’t occupy the region until 1217. After long struggle Sayyad Shakir established first Muslim site at GOPAMAU. Many battles between the Mogul and Afghan empires took place in Hardoi district due to the situation of the district. Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri between the cities of Bilgram and Sandi, and he escaped by crossing the river Ganges with the help of a bhisti to whom he had made the king for one day after regaining the throne.
Later, in February 1856, Hardoi, as a part of Oudh, became part of the British territory after Lord Dalhousie's proclamation. The headquarters of the district were at first Mallawan, but then became Hardoi after the Sepoy Mutiny.
In 1901, the main activities were wood-carving industry, salpetre works and grain trade. The district exported grain, sugar, hides, tobacco and salpetre.
Agriculture is the main activity in the district and many people depend on it. Of the total area, 3980.45 km2 is devoted to agriculture. The main crops are paddy, sugarcane, wheat, vegetables, pulses and oilseeds. A small proportion of the total cultivated is used for horticulture: guava, mangos, some herbs, etc. Irrigation is made possible by the presence of the Hardoi and Lucknow branches of the Sarda Canal.
- Government Dgree College (G.D.C)
- Mahrana Pratap Government Degree College,Hardoi www.mpgpgcollegehardoi.com
- Arya Kanya Degree College, Hardoi
- Cane Societies Nehru Degree College
- Dr. Harishankar Mishra Degree College & Law College
- G.F. College of Law
- Gulab Degree College
- Katiyari Degree College
- Maharana Pratap Government Post Graduate College
- Shri Baijnath Singh Degree College
- subhash chandra bose p.g. college kahli gausganj
- Mahaveer Prasad Mahavidyalaya
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia degree college Hardoi
- Maikulal degree college Sanpkheda Hardoi
- Manyawar Kanshiram Law College
- Mahaveer Prasad Mayavati Mahavidyalya Daulatyarpur Madhoganj Hardoi 9452143851
- B N Degree College
- CAN Society Degree College
- N.P.Public Inter Colle Kyoti Khwajgipur Madhoganj Hardoi 9450141141
- S.D. Inter College Hardoi
- GIC Inter College Hardoi
- Shri Chhotey Lal Public School
- Veni Madhav Vidyapeeth Girls College
- New Heights School
- Saint James Inter College
- Shri Guru RamRai Inter College
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir Inter College
- Saint Xavier Inter School
- Shri Dwarikaadish Higher Secondary School Sandi
- Shri Dev Darwar Inter College Sandi
vedic vidiya mandir inter college
- SpringDales Kindergarten School
- Lokoday shiksha sansthan Inter College Bamtapur Sandi
- A.S.V.V. Inter College Hardoi
- Ganga Devi Inter College Hardoi
Lucknow Public School, Madhoganj
- R.D.Kanaujia Inter College
- Janta Inter college, Balamau.
- Sant Kripal Inter college, Mallawan.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc — Hardoi". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Er. Ashok Kumar says: (2011-05-19). "Hardoi Census 2011 Highlights | Census 2011 Indian Population". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2011-11-10.
- Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud
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