Hardwicke's woolly bat
|Hardwicke's Woolly Bat|
Hardwicke's Woolly Bat (Kerivoula hardwickii) is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family. It is found in China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.
Association with pitcher plants 
This small bat has been found roosting above the digestive fluid in the pitchers of the carnivorous plant Nepenthes baramensis (previously known informally as Nepenthes rafflesiana var. elongata), which grows in the peat swamps and heath forests of Borneo. This relationship appears to be mutualistic, with the plant providing shelter for the bats and in return receiving additional nitrogen input in the form of faeces. It has been estimated that the plant derives 33.8% of its total foliar nitrogen from the animals' droppings.
- Clarke, C., J.A. Moran & C.C. Lee 2011. Nepenthes baramensis (Nepenthaceae) – a new species from north-western Borneo . Blumea 56(3): 229–233. doi:10.3767/000651911X607121
- Grafe, T.U., C.R. Schöner, G. Kerth, A. Junaidi & M.G. Schöner 2011. A novel resource–service mutualism between bats and pitcher plants. Biology Letters 7(3): 436–439. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2010.1141
- Youngsteadt, E. 2011. Carnivorous plant feasts on bat dung. ScienceNOW, January 25, 2011.
- Davies, E. 2011. Bats in Borneo roost in carnivorous pitcher plants. BBC Earth News, January 26, 2011.
- Chiroptera Specialist Group 1996. Kerivoula hardwickii. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.
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