|15th Attorney General of Oregon|
January 24, 1997 – January 4, 2009
|Preceded by||Ted Kulongoski|
|Succeeded by||John Kroger|
|55th Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||Philip D. Lang|
|Succeeded by||Grattan Kerans|
October 25, 1939 |
Electric Mills, Mississippi
Hardy Myers (born October 25, 1939) is a lawyer and Democratic politician who served three terms as attorney general of the state of Oregon, United States. Prior to taking office in 1997, he had served from 1975 to 1985 in the Oregon House of Representatives, the last four of those years as its speaker, and has also been a Metro councilor and chaired the Oregon Criminal Justice Council.
Early life and education
Myers was born October 25, 1939, in Electric Mills, Mississippi. He moved with his family to Bend in central Oregon in 1943 where his father, a lumberman, became manager of The Shevlin-Hixon Company, one of the two large mills that used to operate on the Deschutes River. His family then moved to Prineville in 1951. He attended public schools until graduation from high school.
Myers returned to Oregon to continue on to law school at the University of Oregon School of Law in Eugene, earning a LL.B. in 1964. While at the University of Oregon he became Phi Eta Sigma (freshman scholastic honorary), Phi Kappi Phi (undergraduate scholastic honorary), Omicron Delta Kappa (undergraduate leadership honorary). He was also on the Board of Editors of the Oregon Law Review.
Myers clerked for a year to United States District Judge William G. East in 1964–65. During that time, East made national headlines for ordering U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to show why an Oregon lawyer should not be paid for defending a criminal defendant he had been ordered to defend by the federal court. In what Time magazine said was "may be the neatest constitutional argument of the year", East justified the expenditure under the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Myers was an attorney with Stoel Rives – Oregon's largest private law firm – in Portland for 31 years before seeking elected office. He first came to the firm in 1965, when it was known Davies, Biggs, Strayer, Stoel and Boley. At Stoel Rives, his practice specialties were labor and employment law, and government affairs law.
He is a member, Oregon State Bar and Multnomah County Bar Association and has been admitted to practice before the United States District Court for the District of Oregon and United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
He first ran for, and was elected to, the Oregon House of Representatives in the 1974 elections representing what was then House District 19 (parts of NE and SE Portland). He served as in the House until 1985. In that time he was rated most outstanding member of Oregon Legislature in The Oregonian 1979 and 1981 surveys of legislative observers (no 1983 survey); rated most outstanding metro area State Representative in Willamette Week surveys of legislative observers in 1977, 1979, 1981 and 1983. Myers twice served as Chair for the Committee on Judiciary, first from 1977–78 and once again from 1983–84.
Speaker of the House
He became speaker of the house in 1979. As speaker of the Oregon House in 1981, he spearheaded the effort for a state takeover of trial-court operations in all of the states counties starting in 1983.
He went on to become chairman of the Oregon Criminal Justice Council in 1987 and was appointed to the State Sentencing Guidelines Board by then Governor Neil Goldschmidt. In that capacity he led the effort in 1989 to set state guidelines for felony sentencing. Those guidelines remain in effect, though voters set mandatory minimum prison sentences for some violent crimes through Measure 11 in 1994.
Myers appointed by Metropolitan Service District Executive Officer Rena Cusma to serve as chair of the Metro Charter Committee. This was a statutory committee which prepared the charter for the Portland metropolitan area regional government for the 1992 ballot. The charter was subsequently approved by the voters in the November general elections.
Prior to running for the state's Attorney General position in 1996, Myers had considered trying for the position for some time but did not want to run against Dave Frohnmayer who held the position in the 1980s, or against fellow Democrat former neighbor Gov. Ted Kulongoski, who was elected to the AG office in 1992.
When Kulongoski ran in 1996 for the Oregon Supreme Court, Myers "it was now or never." if he wanted to run for the position. Myers defeated Kevin Mannix of Salem in the 1996 primary, when Mannix was a Democrat.
Unlike counterparts in other states such as California and New York, the attorney general in Oregon can initiate some prosecutions, notably in election-law violations, organized crime and public corruption. But district attorneys in Oregon's 36 counties prosecute most crimes, although the attorney general provides help – especially in death-penalty cases – and defends convictions in the appellate courts.
Myers had been vigorous in efforts against sexual assault – largely by promoting improved training for police, prosecutors and professionals who treat medical and psychological effects – and for improved restitution for crime victims generally.
Although Myers was not among the half dozen attorneys general negotiating directly with tobacco industry – Washington state's Christine Gregoire, now governor, was one of them – Oregon received a larger share of the 1998 national tobacco settlement than most other states as a result of the amount of legal work it had done to advance the case. Myers believes one of the most important points in the settlement had nothing to do with the $246 billion payout that tobacco companies will make to the states during 25 years. It has to do with new restrictions on the marketing of tobacco to teenagers, who are most likely to continue smoking if they start when they are young.
In 2000, he ran for a third term, once again against facing Mannix who had by that time became a Republican. Myers went on beat Mannix in the November general election. While Mannix ran a fairly strong campaign, he was hurt by the presence on the ballot of Libertarian Tom Cox, who drew nearly 58,000 votes – more than Myers' margin of victory.
Myers drew headlines in 2001 when Oregon went to federal court to defend the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, the state's physician-assisted suicide law, against John Ashcroft who was then United States Attorney General, who opened the way for federal prosecution of doctors who prescribed lethal doses of medication. Oregon won at all levels, including the U.S. Supreme Court when the case Gonzales v. Oregon was heard in 2006 and was won in a 6–3 decision.
During Myers' tenure, Oregon has won five of six cases before the nation's highest court; one other, involving a Marion County case, is pending.
Under Myers, Oregon has been a leader in a series of multistate lawsuits against and settlements with big drug manufacturers in the past five years, as recently as October 22, 2008. Some of the cases involved companies such as Eli Lilly and Company, Merck, Pfizer and Purdue Pharma and garnered settlements of millions of dollars, some of which came back to Oregon to enable the state Department of Justice to pursue future investigations and enforce consumer-protection laws.
In late 2007, the Recording Industry Association of America subpoenaed the University of Oregon, asking it to identify students who, it alleged, had illegally shared copyrighted music. The university, represented by Myers, refused to provide the information, questioning the tactics used in the investigation.
In early January 2008, Myers and Gov. Kulongoski announced that Oregon along with 14 other states are joining California in a lawsuit against the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to uphold the right of states to regulate greenhouse gas pollution from automobiles. The lawsuit is in response to the EPA’s denial of California’s request for a waiver to set stricter tailpipe emissions standards than those set by the federal government, preventing California, Oregon, and other states from implementing stricter greenhouse gas emissions standards for cars.
In August 2007, Myers announced that he would not seek reelection in 2008.
His third and final term as Attorney General ended on January 4, 2009. His 12-year tenure as Oregon Attorney General ties him for third with Andrew Crawford among the 15 who have held that office. Only Isaac Homer Van Winkle (23 years, two months) and Robert Y. Thornton (16 years, five months) have served longer.
Association and awards
As Attorney General, Myers served as:
- Conference of Western Attorneys General – chair
- Antitrust Committee – chair
- Consumer Protection Committee of the National Association of Attorneys General
- NAAG Executive Committee – member
- Attorney General’s Sexual Assault Task Force – chair
- Restitution Reform Task Force – chair
- Governor’s Council on Domestic Violence – former member
Myers has received the highest honors from his peers at the National Association of Attorneys General and the Oregon State Bar.
His public service awards as Attorney General include:
- Meritorious Service Award of the University of Oregon School of Law
- David Frohnmayer Award for Public Service presented by the University of Oregon School of Law Alumni Association
- Government Lawyer of the Year Award
- Professionalism Award of the Marion County (Oregon) Bar Association
- Community Support Hall of Fame Award of the Mid-Valley Women’s Crisis Center
- Mary Oberst Award for Leadership to Prevent Childhood Drinking presented by Oregon Partnership.
- Hardy Myers (D), 52%
- Victor Hoffer (R), 41%
- Hardy Myers (D) (inc.), 50%
- Kevin Mannix (R), 46%
- Hardy Myers (D) (inc.), 55%
- Paul Connolly (R), 40%
- "Myers goes for No. 3". The Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon). November 20, 2003. p. E10.
- "Meet Hardy Myers". Campaign website. Re-Elect Hardy Myers. 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- "AG Myers comments on death of Les Schwab" (Press release). Oregon Department of Justice. May 21, 2007. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- "Hardy Myers, Attorney General". Attorney General Biography. Oregon Department of Justice. 2008. Archived from the original on September 17, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- "Hon. Hardy Myers Biography". 2008 Faculty Biographies. National Crime Victim Law Institute. 2008. Archived from the original on October 15, 2008. Retrieved January 4, 2009.
- "Attorney General Hardy Myers". State: Executive. Oregon Blue Book. 2008. Archived from the original on October 25, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- Getting the Feds to Pay. Time, July 10, 1964. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
- Wong, Peter (January 3, 2009). "Myers ends tenure as state's top lawyer". The Statesman Journal. Retrieved January 4, 2009.[dead link]
- Attorney General Hardy Myers (OR) – Project Vote Smart
- Staff (November 20, 2003). "Myers goes for No. 3.". The Register-Guard (Eugene, Oregon).
- Liptak, Adam (December 31, 2007). "In the Fight Over Piracy, a Rare Stand for Privacy". The New York Times.
- Kulongoski, Ted (January 2, 2008). "Oregon Joins in Lawsuit against EPA over Greenhouse Gas Pollution" (Press release). Governor of Oregon. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- Friesen, Mark (August 21, 2007). "Oregon attorney general won't run for re-election". The Oregonian. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- Wong, Peter (January 2, 2007). "New officials soon will take oath of office". The Statesman Journal.
- Election Results, Oregon Attorney General, 1996
- Our Campaigns "OR Attorney General" 1996
- 1996 Attorney General General Election Results – Oregon
- Election Results, Oregon Attorney General, 2000
- Our Campaigns "OR Attorney General" 2000
- 2000 Attorney General General Election Results – Oregon
- Election Results, Oregon Attorney General, 2004
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