Harem, Syria

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Harem
حارم
Harem is located in Syria
Harem
Harem
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 36°12′N 36°31′E / 36.200°N 36.517°E / 36.200; 36.517
Country  Syria
Governorate Idlib
District Harem
Subdistrict Harem
Elevation 175 m (574 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 21,934

Harem (Arabic: حارم‎) is a Syrian city within the Idlib Governorate. It has an altitude of 160 meters and a population of 21,934. Harem is situated on the border of Turkey, 55 km west of Aleppo.[1]

History[edit]

There is an important castle in Harem which has been built in a unique military style. The city lies along the route between Antioch and Aleppo, and has been around since the Byzantine era. The castle was originally Byzantine and was built by Nicephorus shortly after 959, it then fell to the Arabs and then to the Seljuk Turks. In 1097 it was taken by the Crusaders who kept it till 1119, except for a short time in 1098 when it was taken by the Muslim Arabs.

It fell to Nur Al Din in 1149, then taken back by the Crusaders in 1158 and back again by Nur Al Din in 1164. When the Mongols invaded in the 13th century, much of Harem was destroyed including its castle. What is left of the castle dates back to the Muslim - Crusader battles between 1164 and 1268. The crusader castle was rebuilt by the son of Saladin, Malik Al Zaher Ghazi.[2] As part of the Syrian Revolution, Syrian rebels have taken complete control of the town.

Climate[edit]

Due to Harem's location being very near to Aleppo, the climate is very similar. Below is the climate table for Aleppo, because there is no climate data concerning Harem.

Climate data for Harem
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
13
(55)
18
(64)
24
(75)
29
(84)
34
(93)
36
(97)
36
(97)
33
(91)
27
(81)
19
(66)
12
(54)
24.3
(75.6)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
4
(39)
9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
7
(45)
3
(37)
10.6
(51.1)
Avg. rainy days 11 10 7 4 2 0 0 0 0 4 8 10 56
Mean monthly sunshine hours 124 168 217 240 341 390 403 372 330 279 210 124 3,198
Source: BBC Weather [3]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 36°12′N 36°31′E / 36.200°N 36.517°E / 36.200; 36.517