Harewood House

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For the estate in Herefordshire, see Harewood Park.
Harewood House
Harewood House, seen from the garden.JPG
Harewood House, seen from the garden
General information
Type Stately home
Location Harewood, Leeds, England
Coordinates 53°53′48″N 1°31′42″W / 53.89667°N 1.52833°W / 53.89667; -1.52833Coordinates: 53°53′48″N 1°31′42″W / 53.89667°N 1.52833°W / 53.89667; -1.52833
Current tenants Lascelles family
Construction started 1759
Completed 1771 (1771)
Client Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood
Owner Harewood House Trust
Design and construction
Architect
Designations Grade I listed
Website
www.harewood.org

Harewood House (/ˈhɑːwʊd/ HAR-wood) or (/ˈhɛərwʊd/ HAIR-wood) is a country house in Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Designed by architects John Carr and Robert Adam, it was built between 1759 and 1771 for wealthy trader Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood.

Still home to the Lascelles family, Harewood House is a member of Treasure Houses of England, a marketing consortium for ten of the foremost historic homes in the country. The house is a Grade I listed building and a number of features in the grounds and courtyard have been listed as Grade I, II and II*.

History[edit]

The house was built between 1759 and 1771 for Edwin Lascelles, whose family had bought the estate after making its fortune in the West Indies through Customs positions, slave trading, and lending money to planters. The house was designed by architects John Carr and Robert Adam.

Much of the furniture is by the 18th-century English furniture designer Thomas Chippendale, who came from nearby Otley.

Lancelot "Capability" Brown designed the grounds to which Sir Charles Barry added a grand terrace, in 1844.[1]

Artists Thomas Girtin and JMW Turner stayed at the house many times, painting the it and the surrounding countryside and landmarks, such as Plumpton Rocks which at the time was owned by the Harewood Estate.[2]

Harewood House has a long history of hosting visitors interested in its imposing architecture and collections of paintings. The first guidebook to the home was published early in the 19th century.

The house served as a convalescent hospital during both the First and Second World Wars.

The archives of the Lascelles family and the Harewood estate are held at West Yorkshire Archive Service.[3] in Leeds.

Harewood House from A Complete History of the County of York by Thomas Allen (1828–30), showing the house before Barry altered the facades and added an extra storey to the pavilions.

Popular culture[edit]

Artist Joseph Turner visited the house and painted the outdoor landscape in watercolour. Elton John has performed a concert on the grounds. It has featured in both the television and film versions of Brideshead Revisited .Since 1996, part of the estate has been developed as the village in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale, which had been based in two different Yorkshire villages since its inception 24 years earlier.[4]

State rooms[edit]

  • Ante Room
  • Below Stairs
  • China Room
  • Cinnamon Drawing Room
  • Dining Room
  • East Bedroom
  • Gallery
  • HRH Princess Mary Display Room
  • Princess Mary's Dressing Room
  • Lord Harewood's Sitting Room
  • Music Room
  • Old Kitchen
  • Old Library
  • Pastry Room
  • Servants Database
  • Servants' Hall
  • Spanish Library
  • State Bedroom
  • Steward's Room
  • Still Room
  • Terrace Gallery
  • The Library
  • Vegetable Scullery
  • Watercolour Rooms
  • Yellow Drawing Room

Today[edit]

Portrait of Mrs. John Hale by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1762-1764

The house is the family seat of the Lascelles family. David Lascelles is the eighth Earl. His grandmother was Mary, Princess Royal, daughter of King George V and Queen Mary who lived at the house and died there in 1965.[5]

The house and grounds have been transferred into a trust ownership structure managed by Harewood House Trust and are open to the public for most of the year. Harewood won a Large Visitor Attraction of the Year award in the 2009 national Excellence in England awards.[6]

Harewood houses a collection of paintings by masters of the Italian Renaissance, family portraits by Reynolds, Hoppner and Lawrence, and modern art collected by the 7th Earl and Countess. Changing temporary exhibitions are held each season in the Terrace Gallery. Catering facilities in the house include Michelin-starred fine dining.[7]

As well as tours of the house and grounds, Harewood has more than 100 acres of gardens, including a Himalayan garden and its stupa, an educational bird garden, an adventure playground and the historic All Saints Church with its alabaster tombs. From May 2007 to October 2008 the grounds contained Yorkshire's first planetarium, the Yorkshire Planetarium.[citation needed]

The Leeds Country Way passes through the Harewood Estate, to the south of the house and lake, as does the route of The White Rose Way.

Harewood Bird Garden[edit]

Harewood Bird Garden
Location Harewood House, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
Memberships BIAZA,[8] EAZA[9]
Website www.harewood.org/grounds/grounds-bird-garden

The Bird Garden at has a collection of exotic species of birds, of which more than 30 are listed as vulnerable or endangered by the IUCN. It is a member of the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums (BIAZA) and the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA).

Birds that can be seen in the garden incude Humboldt penguins, Chilean flamingos, Duyvenbode's lories, macaws, rainbow lorikeets and snow geese.

Pronunciation[edit]

There is debate as to the exact pronunciation of the word 'Harewood'.[citation needed] In the 18th century, the customary pronunciation (and spelling) was Harwood[1] and this pronunciation for both house and title is used by Harewood House and the Earl of Harewood. The pronunciation Hairwood is generally used for the village.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mauchline, M. (1992) Harewood House. One of the Treasure Houses of Britain. Asbourne: Moorland Publishing Co Ltd.
  2. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Archives.wyjs.org.uk
  4. ^ IMDb.com
  5. ^ Harewood.org
  6. ^ Harewood House website. Harewood Card Newsletter. Autumn/Winter 2003-04 Harewood.org. Retrieved 1 December 2006.
  7. ^ "Michelin star restaurant moves into stately home to offer tasty posh nosh", Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 2 August 2013
  8. ^ "BIAZA Zoos and Aquariums". biaza.org.uk. BIAZA. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". eaza.net. EAZA. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 

External links[edit]