Hargeisa International Airport
|Hargeisa Egal International Airport|
|IATA: HGA – ICAO: HCMH|
|Owner||Somaliland Civil Aviation & Air Transport Ministry|
|Elevation AMSL||4,423 ft / 1,348 m|
Hargeisa Egal International Airport (IATA: HGA, ICAO: HCMH, (Somali: Madaarka Cigaal ee Calaamiga Arabic: مطار هرجيسا إيغال الدولية) is an international airport in Hargeisa, the capital of the autonomous Somaliland region in northwestern Somalia. Named after the region's first president, the airport underwent major renovations in 2012–2013.
Originally a small facility built during the colonial period, the former Hargeisa International Airport was expanded and modernized in the 1980s by the Siad Barre administration so as to accommodate larger aircraft and offer more flight destinations.
During the events leading up to the Somali Civil War in the early 1990s, the airport's infrastructure was significantly damaged. However, the facility was gradually rehabilitated over the next several years.
The airport was later renamed to Egal International Airport after the veteran politician Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal. Egal served as Somalia's Prime Minister in the early 1960s during the country's post-independence civilian administration, before later becoming the Somaliland region's second President.
In 2012, the airport's routes were temporarily suspended as its runway underwent major renovations, funded by the Somaliland authorities, Kuwait Fund and USAID. The facility was later reopened on 17 August 2013, with enlarged arrival and departure terminals, as well as five new wind turbines. An installed wind data monitoring station will also assist in powering the airport.
In June 2014, the Somaliland regional government and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) inaugurated a new wind energy project at the airport. The new wind power facility is under the authority of the Somaliland Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, which will manage it through a public-private partnership and oversee its daily operations. The initiative is part of the larger Partnership for Economic Growth, a bilateral program that has invested over $14 million in the Somaliland region's energy, livestock and agriculture sectors as well as in private sector development. The partnership aims in particular to establish local renewable energy technologies, with the new wind energy facility expected to offer a more cost effective alternative to diesel fuel. It is also slated to provide power to both the Hargeisa airport and the surrounding communities.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer scheduled passenger service:
Accidents and incidents
|Date||Location||Aircraft||Tail number||Aircraft damage||Fatalities||Description||Refs|
|28 June 1989||Balad||Fokker F-27||6O-SAZ||W/O||30/30||A Somali Airlines Fokker F-27 bound for Hargeisa crashed approximately 10 minutes after taking off from Mogadishu International Airport. All 24 passengers and 6 crew died.|||
- "Hargeisa". Jubba Airways. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
- "Hargeisa's Egal airport reopens, powered by wind". Somalilandgov. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Country report: Uganda, Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, (The Unit: 1986), p.43.
- "SOMALIA: U.S donates Wind Energy Project to power Hargeisa International Airport". Raxanreeb. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 600RF 6O-SAZ Hargeisa:
- Airport information for HCMH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Accident history for Hargeisa Airport, Somalia (IATA: HGA, ICAO: HCMH) at Aviation Safety Network
- Aeronautical chart for Egal International (HCMH) at SkyVector
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