Harghita County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Harghita)
Jump to: navigation, search
Harghita County
Județul Harghita
Hargita
County
Landscape around Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County
Landscape around Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County
Coat of arms of Harghita County
Coat of arms
Harghita county, territorial location
Harghita county, territorial location
Country  Romania
Development region1 Centru
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Miercurea Ciuc
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Csaba Borboly (UDMR)
 • Prefect2 Constantin Strujan
Area
 • Total 6,639 km2 (2,563 sq mi)
Area rank 13th in Romania
Population (2011)
 • Total 304,969
 • Rank 33rd in Romania
 • Density 46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 53wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x664
Car Plates HR5
GDP US$ 2.63 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 8,064 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Harghita (Romanian pronunciation: [harˈɡita]; Hungarian: Hargita megye, Hungarian pronunciation: [hɒrɡitɒ]) is a county (județ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.

Demographics[edit]

2002 census[edit]

In 2002, Harghita County had a population of 326,222[1] and a population density of 52/km².

2011 census[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 302,432[3] and a population density of 46/km².

Harghita county has the highest percentage of Hungarians in Romania, just ahead of Covasna county. The Hungarians form the majority of the population in most of the county's municipalities, with Romanians concentrated in the northern and eastern part of the county (particularly Toplița and Bălan), as well as in the enclave of Voșlăbeni.

The Székelys of Harghita are mostly Roman Catholic, with Reformed and Unitarian minorities, while the ethnic Romanians are primarily Orthodox. Catholicism is strongest in the east, in the former Csíkszék, while Protestants are concentrated in the west, south and west of Odorheiu Secuiesc. By religion, the county is divided roughly as follows:

Demographic evolution

Geography[edit]

Harghita County has a total area of 6,639 km².

Harghita consists primarily of mountains, connected to the Eastern Carpathians, such as the Ciuc and Harghita Mountains; volcanic plateaux, foothills, and the more densely populated river valleys.

The mountains are volcanic in origin, and the region is known for its excellent hot mineral springs. Harghita is known as one of the coldest regions in Romania, although summers can be quite warm.

It is in this county that two of the most important rivers in Romania, the Mureș and the Olt, originate. These rivers' origins, near the villages of Izvoru Mureșului and Sândominic, are only a few miles apart; yet the Mureș flows west to the Tisza, while the Olt flows south to the Danube. In the western part of the county the two Târnava rivers (Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică) flow to the Târnava Plateau, which is part of the Transylvanian Plateau.

Harghita's spectacular natural scenery includes Sfânta Ana Lake, a volcanic crater lake near the town of Băile Tușnad; Lacul Roșu a mountain lake in the northeast near the town of Gheorgheni, and Cheile Bicazului, a dramatic, narrow canyon formed by the Bicaz stream. The county is renowned for its spa resorts and mineral waters.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The county's main industries:

  • Wood industry – up to 30%;
  • Foods and beverages industry;
  • Textile and leather processing;
  • Mechanical components.

Tourism[edit]

Lacul Roșu

The main tourist attractions in Harghita county are

Politics[edit]

The Harghita County Assembly has 31 members:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 21                                          
  Hungarian Civic Party 4                                          
  Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania 3                                          
  Social Liberal Union 3                                          

Administrative divisions[edit]

Harghita County has 4 municipalities, 5 towns and 58 communes

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°22′N 25°48′E / 46.36°N 25.80°E / 46.36; 25.80