Hariana

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For the Indian state, see Haryana.
Hariana
city
Punjab
Hariana
Hariana
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°38′N 75°50′E / 31.64°N 75.84°E / 31.64; 75.84Coordinates: 31°38′N 75°50′E / 31.64°N 75.84°E / 31.64; 75.84
Country  India
State Punjab
District Hoshiarpur
Elevation 300 m (1,000 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 7,813
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Hariana is a city and a municipal council in Hoshiarpur district in the Indian state of Punjab. Hariana is named after Guru Hari Sen; the guru of the singer Tansen. It was a famous music gharana once. Gujjar Mal Vasudev raagi & Pandit Telu Ram were singers & residents of hariana. When the mugals entered into India; they made a Quila in a place called Malot nearby Hariana & Hariana was their tehsil at that time. The city has provided a lot of freedom fighters like Pandit Jagat Ram, Lala Lachman Das and Sardar Partap Singh. A famous technical institute is named after freedom fighter Pt. Jagat Ram as J.R.Govt Polytechnic Hoshiarpur.

Geography[edit]

Hariana is located at 31°38′N 75°50′E / 31.64°N 75.84°E / 31.64; 75.84.[1] It has an average elevation of 300 metres (984 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Hariana had a population of 7813. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Hariana has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 73%. In Hariana, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. This town is about 100 km from Amritsar International Airport.

Education[edit]

This a center of education for various surrounding villages. GGDSD College is a college which gave educations after independence. Before partition formally it is Hindu National College in Madrassa(now in Pakistan). After partition with the efforts of great freedom fighter Goswami Ganesh Dutt ji it shifted to small town Hariana. Since then this college is a landmark to provide good education. In these days Dr. Gurdip Sharma is principal of this college and he is running this college successfully. There are many other school listed as below:

  • Sukhdev Driving Training School,Main Road Hariana
  • Sir Marshal Convent School Janauri Road Bhaliala
  • D A V Sr Secondary School Shamchourasi Road
  • Hdn Sr Secondary School
  • Dayanand Public School
  • Baba Manj Convent School Kanga
  • Mai Bhagwati Girls Sr Secondary School
  • Kallar Khalsa Sr Secondary School
  • S D School
  • Guru Nanak Dev Educational Trust.

Religious and historical factors[edit]

This place has some historical values as well. This is the place where Sikh king Baba Baghel Singh Ji lived his last days. Baghel Singh (c. 1730 – 1802) was an important military general in turbulent times of Eighteenth century Punjab. Several dozen Misls had sprung up in countryside, which filled the power vacuum after decline of once formidable Mughal Empire. In March 1776, Baghel Singh's forces were defeated by imperial Army of Mughal emperor, Shah Alam II near Muzaffarnagar. The Sikh forces had joined with those of Zabita Khan to march on Delhi but found the Mughals too strong. Further afield at Panipat, they tried joining battle but after several hours of hard struggle had to sue for peace terms. In late 1778, The Sikhs revolted and defeated the Mughal faujdar of Sirhind, Maulah Ahmad Dad, killing him and driving back Mughal forces. The Sikhs then raided further east all the way up to Delhi whose suburbs were sacked. The red fort was captured by the silk soldiers. The Sikhs hoisted their Sikh flag, the nishan sahib over red fort. Baghel Singh established an octroi post in Chandni Chowk outside the Red Fort in Mughal capital Delhi in March 1783. Baghel Singh Dhaliwal died around 1802 at Hariana. This is famous for many religious factors. This is place of temples and guruduwaras. Sitla temple is the biggest temple of the town. Sati Mandir,Gebi Ram Ji Da Mandir, Sita Ram Mandir,Meera Ji Da Baag, Gugga Pir Mandir, Dharam Sabha Mandir, Satya Narayan Mandir, Lakh Data Ji Nkkiwal are the beautiful temples of this area.BABA JANTRI PIR JI(near fish farm, shamchaurasi road,hariana) is also a beautiful site and religious or famous site to visit in this area. The Ram Lila is famous of Hariana. At the time of Dushera this is a center of main attraction. People of the different area visit here and see the Ram Leela. Trusts in Hariana

  • snatan dharamsabha,Hariana
  • Smriti Janj Ghar

Smriti janj ghar Hariana was built by some non-political personalities like late Sh.Brij Mohan pathak, Sh.Balbir kapila, Sh.jagmohan Kapila, Sh.joginderpal Ranghra,Sh.Sham LalSaini, Sh.Avinash Sabherwal, Sh.Onkar Nath, Sh.Boota Ram Ohri, Sh.Rajive Kumar Sabherwal,Sh.Sanjive Kumar Sabherwal. The trust is dedicated to Late Sh.Muni Lal Sabherwal, Late sh.Rakesh Kumar Maingi,Late Sh.Hira Lal Killed by terrorists near village Bhikhowal. Famous Arya Samaji leader Mahatma Hans Raj was also born in Hariana.LATE CH.KARTAR CHAND (RAIS) is also a great social worker. Mai Bahgwati school is the first girls school in whole of United Punjab which includes Indian Punjab, Pakistani Punjab, Himachal and Haryana. SHAN-E-DOABA VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTE HARIANA,NEAR SHIV MANDIR PAHARI GATE also helps poor girl. Village Sherpur Kham near Hariana is a such religious place were Sant Baba Jaswant Singh Dakohey born in the house of Major Chanan Singh Gill (Ex. Sarpanch Sherpur Kham) F/o. S. Paramjit Singh (Ret: DPE)

  • Children welfare society hariana, also helps poor children in this area,president-dalvir singh billu run the society,
  • Sh.SHAM LAL SAINI,distt press sec:bharti kisan union (rajewal)&vice president i.c.a,vice president children welfare society had helped social public and poor people in his district and so on.

References[edit]