||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (November 2012)|
|• MLA||Ramesh Chennithala|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KL- 29|
|Lok Sabha constituency||alapuzha|
Haripad is a town in Alappuzha District, Kerala, India located between Alappuzha and Kollam on National Highway 47. Haripad is close to the Arabian Sea and connects Mavelikkara and Thrikkunnappuzha. There are eighteen Hindu temples there and more than 30 more in the surrounding countryside. The most famous temples are Subrahmanya Swami Temple and the Mannarashala Nagaraja Temple. The first Sri Ramakrishna Asrama in the state of Kerala was established at Pilapuzha in Haripad on 4 May 1913. It's the land of "Mayura Sandesa", the land of snake boats and the land of music, dance and drama. According to colonial Dutch Governor Gollanez the sea coast between Quilon and Purakkad which the Dutch called 'Martha" and which region was known as Karthikappally (of which Haripad was a part) consisted of two regions or nation states, Karnoppally (the present Karunagapally) and Karimpali.
Haripad derived its name from either Aripad (as Ari means Rice and this was the place where from the major portion of the rice for the state came), or "Harigeethapuram". In a literary piece of Kerala Varma Valia Kokilthampuran there is a reference to Pahi Harigeetha Pathanapathe" (save as the master of Harigeetha) 'Mayura Sandesa' has a reference to 'Aripadu vaanoru Kaalam' (at a time when Haripad was ruled). Swathi Thirunal addresses Subramanya as Harigeetha puthalaya dweep', all the show long history and importance of the name Haripad. To this may be added the fact that Karithikapally was called the place where Karthikayan lived.' (Karthikayan Pallikollunnidom).
Karimpali was the area between Kayamkulam and Purakkad (Haripad was in it) Karimpali was also known as Vettimana. The capital of Vettimana Kaimal was Karimpalil palace (near Haripad Railway Station), the capital was later shifted to Karthikappally. In 1742 Marthanda Varma defeated Karthikappally region and added it to Travancore State. During kingship Haripad was a Town. The town hall remains as its proof. In 1921 Haripad got Municipal town status. In 1941 it became non- municipal town. In 1954 it was changed into a Panchayat.
In the district of Alappuzha (earlier Quilon District) Haripad is the centre of administration of Karthikappally Taluk. It is only here in the state where on Niraputhary day the Government Treasury at Haripad paddy bunches are brought from Sri Subrahmonya swami temple on the back of elephants and leading a procession with nadaswaram, music and hanged before the Treasury strong room. During the reign of the Travancore kings Govt revenue collection, gold and other valuables were kept in this Treasury. Till now niraputhary celebration is going on under the leadership of Travancore Devaswam Board. This Onattukara region was the granary of the state during royal rule. It was from this place that rice was supplied to the king's family. "Nelpurakkadavu," big paddy-storing collars and Danavpadi (the present Danappadi). Danav means Jail. It was at this place where the so-called jail was situated. Danav Padi meaning entrance of the jail. This place thus got the name Danappadi one kilometre west of Haripad town near the Ananthapuram Palace. This reveals that Haripad was a place of cultural, Intellectual, Spiritual and administrative importance.
Swami Nirmalananda (1863–1938), a direct monastic disciple of Bhagavan Sri Ramakrishna (1836–1886) and a co-disciple of Swami Vivekananda (1863–1902) was invited by Harippad Vedanta Society to Kerala for the first time in 1911. The Swami reached Harippad on 16 February 1911 and the subsequent development paved the way for the establishment of the first branch centre of the Ramakrishna Mission in Kerala. The first centre, "Sri Ramakrishna Ashrama" was consecrated by Swami Nirmalananda on 4 May 1913 at Haripad. The Swami, who was lovingly known as Tulasi Maharaj opened the doors of the Ashrama shrine and its premises to the members of the public and to all devotees irrespective of their castes or religious distinctions. This Ashrama, under the instructions of Tulasi Maharaj arranged a common feast on the first anniversary of the Asram for all (Misrabhojam) at a time when untouchibility was rampant. This has become a milestone in the history of Kerala. Swami Brahmananda (1863–1922), the first President of the Ramakrishna Mission was brought to Harippad by Swami Nirmalananda and stayed there for three days in December 1916. Also, it was at this Ashrama in 1924 that the first Ordination of Sannyasa ceremonies according to the Ramakrishna tradition was performed by Tulasi Maharaj thus ordaining eleven Brahmacharins (Celebate Novices) to Sannyasa (monkhood). Many stalvarts in the Ramakrishna Order of Sannyasins were trained at this Ashrama. Lately, the ashrama was in a dilapidated condition. But due to the tireless efforts of Ramakrishna Nirmalananda Mandalam and its leader Swami Kaivalyananda, the ashrama was handed over to the Ramakrishna Mission again and the Mission representative Swami Golokananda took over the reins once again on 15 December 2007. Functions of the Asram are going on at the Town Centre South Nada by the side of NH 47. The Mission is now planning to rebuild the Asrama at the old premices at Pilapuzha near Primary Health Centre Haripad (also known as Asramam Hospital) East of Vathukulangara Devi Temple
It was on this very place that Kerala Varma Valiya Koithampuran wrote Mayurasandesa, love letters to his dear wife to be sent through peacocks. (Mayura Sandesa- Message sent through the peacock). Mahatma Gandhi and A R Rajaraja Varma has honoured the place with their august presence. The great poet Kumaran Ashan established relationship with the place through his death in a boat accident. Sri P Sheshadri a well known scholar who was able to speak and write 18 languages was a native of Haripad.
There are many famous musicians, writers, directors and artists from Haripad.
- C.B.C.WARRIER Ex.MLA
- Padmarajan – Famous Malayalam film director and writer
- Ramankutty Bhagavathar – Musician
- Malabar Gopalan Nair – Musician (Father of M. G. Radhakrishnan, M. G. Sreekumar and Dr. Omanakutty)
- V.S.Sharma - Writer & scholar
- Chengalathu Ramakrishna Pillai - First MLA From Haripad (1957) (CPI)
- A.Achuthan - Former minister (PSP Leader)
- G.P.Mangalathu Madom - MP, MLA Devaswom board predident
- Chengarapalli Narayanan Potty - Writer, RSP Leader
- P.Narayanakurup - Poet(Malayalam)
- Chebgarapalli Damodaran Potty - Devaswom Board member, RSP Leader
- Haripad Ramakrishna Pillai – Famous Kathakali artist
- Harippad Damu – Famous Kathakali Musician
- A.P.Udayabhanu - Congress Leader, Writer, Speaker,PSC Chairman
- Harippad Balakrishnan – Kathakali artist
- Kalamandalam Balakrishnan – Kathakali artist
- Sreekumaran Thampi – Writer, Director
- Sivan – Director (father of Santosh Sivan and Sangeeth Sivan)
- K. Madhu – Director
- Ashokan – Cine Artist
- Kochupillai Warrior - Teacher of Swathi Thirunaal
- Navya Nair – Cine Artist
- Sanjeev Sankar – Cameraman
- Haripad Soman – Actor & Dubbing Artist
- Erickavu N. Sunil – National Award Winning Mridangam Artist
- Sree Latha – Actress
- Mallika Sukumaran – Actress
- Anary krishnan Kutty – Writer, Actor, Drama director and a Social Activist
- Subramaniyan Pilla – Teacher of T.K Madavan
- Manu Sankar V – environmentalist & farmer (child)
- Sri. Ramesh Chennithala - Politian & President, Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee
Pallipad is a typical village which is situated 3.8 km from Haripad. A serene and calm village with vast stretches of fertile paddy
Nearly 1 ½ km from Haripad K.S.R.T.C Bus Stand, Here you can see the Vilakkumaram (Light Pole) of 19th century. The remainings of Nelppura (Rice Depot) were still there. The P.W.D Rest House and Office of the P.W.D Asst. Exe. Engineer (Roads) are situated here.
6 km. from Haripad is Veeyapuram where the rivers Pamba and Achankovil flow together. this place is one of the beautiful place having river pamba and also a nice bridge
Karichal is 4 km. from Haripad. Karichal and Payippad is divided by Achankovil river. The famous Payippad Jalotsavam is conducted in Achankovil river, locally known as 'Payippaattu Aaru'. This three-day water festival can be viewed from the river banks at both Karichal and Payippad. The snake boat of Karichal known as "Karichal Chundan" won many trophies at Alleppey Nehru Trophy Boat Race' and is known to all Boat Race lovers for its high ranking performance and agility.
Haripad has a railway stations in the Coastal Railway Line connecting Kayankulam Junction to Ernakulam Junction via Alappuzha.
The large National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) plant at Kayamkulam is situated near to Haripad. There is also a good railway station in Haripad. The temples in the area are a significant source of tourism.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haripad.|
- Official website of Karthikappally Taluk, Alappuzha District, Kerala, India;
- "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 20 October 2008.