Haripad

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Haripad
ഹരിപ്പാട്
town
Haripad is located in Kerala
Haripad
Haripad
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°18′0″N 76°28′0″E / 9.30000°N 76.46667°E / 9.30000; 76.46667Coordinates: 9°18′0″N 76°28′0″E / 9.30000°N 76.46667°E / 9.30000; 76.46667
Country  India
State Kerala
District Alappuzha
Government
 • MLA Ramesh Chennithala
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 690514
Telephone code +914792
Vehicle registration KL- 29
Nearest city Alapuzha
Lok Sabha constituency alapuzha
Website www.haripad.in

Haripad is a town in Alappuzha District, Kerala, India located between Alappuzha and Kollam on National Highway 47. Its coordinates are Latitude : 9°18′0″N and Longitude : 76°28′0″E. It is bordered on the east by Pallippad, Veeyapuram and Karuvatta to the north, Kumarapuram and Mahadevikadu to the West, and on the south by Nangiarkulangara.[1] Haripad is close to the Arabian Sea and connects Mavelikkara and Thrikkunnappuzha. It is the land of "Mayura Sandesa", the land of snake boats and the land of music, dance and drama. A main feature of Haripad which attracts even the foreigners is the "Payippad Jalolsavam". It is believed the idol of Lord Subrahmanya was brought from Kandalloor with escort of snake boats. Payippad Jalolsavam is conducted to renew this memory.[2]

Haripad derived its name from either Aripad (Ari meaning Rice), or "Harigeethapuram".[3] The population of Haripad is 16,445, as of the 2010 census.[4]

Historically,in kerala,on 1913 the earliest Ramakrishna Order movement started in this place only.[5] [6]

History[edit]

During the period of European colonization, In the opinion of the Dutch Governor Gollanez the sea coast between Quilon and Purakkad which the Dutch called 'Martha" and which region was known as Karthikappally consisted of two regions or nation states, Karnoppally (present-day Karunagapally) and Karimpali.[7][8] More specifically, Haripad was located in Karimpali which was the area between Kayamkulam and Purakkad and was also known as Vettimana.

The capital of Vettimana was Karimpalil palace (near the present-day Haripad Railway Station), but at some point it was moved to Karthikappally. In 1742 Marthanda Varma defeated Karthikappally region and added it to Travancore State. During the period of the kingship, Haripad was a Town, the remaining town hall stands as proof.[7] Also during this period, Haripad was the administrative center of Karthikappally Taluk, and it was from Haripad that the major portion of rice for the state was produced.[7]

In 1921 Haripad got municipal town status, however in 1941 it was downgraded to a non-municipal town. Finally, in 1954 it was changed into a Panchayat.[2][7]

Geography[edit]

Haripad is a town in Alappuzha District of Kerala State in India. Its coordinates are Latitude : 9°18′0″N and Longitude : 76°28′0″E, and lies at an elevation of 13 meters.[9] It is bordered on the east by Pallippad, Karuvatta to the north, Kumarapuramand Mahadevikadu to the West, and on the south by Nangiarkulangara.[1] Haripad is close to the Arabian Sea and connects Mavelikkara and Thrikkunnappuzha.

The nearest major railway station to Haripad is Alappuzha (Alleppey) which is at a distance of 32 kilometers. The nearest airport is at Kochi which is at a distance of 75 kilometers.[9]

Being located in southwestern India, the summer months are characterized by high temperature and extremely high humidity. Monsoon brings rains between late April and July with the mildest weather being from November to March. Being near the coast areas has the additional characterization of heavy annual rainfall.[10]

Arts and Culture[edit]

There are eighteen Hindu temples there and more than 30 more in the surrounding countryside. The two most famous are Subrahmanya Swamy temple and Mannarasala Temple.[11]

The Subrahmanya Swamy temple in Haripad is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. Dedicated to Subrahmanya Swamy, it is believed that the temple was established even before the advent of Kali Yuga. The temple was consecrated on the Pushya star of Makara Masa. This day is celebrated as the founding day of the temple every year. It is believed that Lord Vishnu appreaded as a saint to consecrate the temple. In 1096 of the Malayalam calendar, the temple caught fire, but the golden flag mast (erected 1067) and the Koothambalam were saved from the fire. The current temple was built during the period of King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, who reigned from 1930-1949 (Gregorian Calendar).[12] This temple holds three festivals yearly.[13]

The Mannarasala Temple is a Nagaraja temple situated near Haripad. Like most snake temples, it is nestled in a forest glade, and has over 30,000 images of snakes along the paths and among the trees. It is the largest such temple in Kerala. Women seeking fertility come to worship there, and upon the birth of their child, they come again to hold thanksgiving ceremonies, often bringing new snake images as offerings.[11]

Another main feature of Haripad which attracts even the foreigners is the Payippad Jalolsavam, a three day water festival conducted on the nearby Payippad Lake. It is believed the idol of Lord Subrahmanya was brought from Kandalloor with escort of snake boats. Payippad Jalolsavam is conducted to renew this memory.[8]

Government[edit]

Harippad is the headquarters of Karthikappally taluk, which includes 18 small villages: Arattupuzha, Cheppad, Cheruthana, Chingoli, Haripad, Kandallor, Karthikappally, Karuvatta, Kayamkulam, Keerikkad, Krishnapuram, Kumarapuram, Muthukulam, Pallippad, Pathiyoor, Puthuppally, Thrikkunnapuzha, Veeyapuram.[3]

The Haripad assembly constituency is part of Alappuzha (Lok Sabha constituency).[14]

Famous people[edit]

Specialities[edit]

Haripad was visited by great saints of Sri Ramakrishna Order.

  • Swami Nirmalananda first Visited Haripad on Feb 1911 to attend the 78th birth anniversary of Sri Ramakrishna. As part of that celebration, poor of all classes were fed to the number of nearly 2500.[18]
  • Swami Brahmananda , the spirutal son of Sri Ramakrishna visited Haripad along with Swami Nirmalananda on November 1916 [19]
  • Swami Madhavanadaji visited Haripad on June 1940 [20]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Location Map of Haripad". Haripad.in. 
  2. ^ a b "Haripad Overview". Blessings on the Net. 
  3. ^ a b "About Haripad". Haripad.in. 
  4. ^ "Veethi". 
  5. ^ http://belurmath.org/centres/display_centre.php?centre_id=HRP
  6. ^ http://www.rkmathharipad.org/history/
  7. ^ a b c d e f "History of Haripad". Haripad.in. 
  8. ^ a b "History of Haripad". Blessings on the Net. 
  9. ^ a b "About Haripad". holidayiq.com. 
  10. ^ "Climate in India". topindiatour.com. 
  11. ^ a b "Haripad". Touristlink.com. 
  12. ^ "Legands". haripadsubrahmanyaswamytemple.com. 
  13. ^ "Festivals". haripadsubrahmanyaswamytemple.com. 
  14. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 20 October 2008. 
  15. ^ "Swami Nirmalananda: His life and teachings". vivekananda.net. 
  16. ^ Birth centenary fete
  17. ^ V.S.Sharma
  18. ^ Prabuddha Bharata; May 1911; Page 95, 96
  19. ^ Prabuddha Bharata; February 1917; Page 58
  20. ^ Prabuddha Bharata; September 1940; Page 430

External links[edit]