Hariprasad Chaurasia

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Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia
Hariprasad Chaurasia at Bhubaneswar, Odisha.jpg
Hariprasad Chaurasia at Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Background information
Born (1938-07-01) 1 July 1938 (age 76)
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Genres Hindustani classical music, film score
Occupations Flutist, composer
Instruments Bansuri
Years active 1957-
Associated acts Vishnave jj, Ravi Shankar, Brij Bhushan Kabra, Zakir Hussain, John McLaughlin, Jan Garbarek
Website hariprasadchaurasia.com
Notable instruments
Bansuri

Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia (Hindi: पण्डित हरिप्रसाद चौरसिया; born 1 July 1938) is an Indian classical flautist.[1]

He plays in the North Indian tradition.

Early life[edit]

Hariprasad Chaurasia was born in Allahabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[2] His father was a wrestler. His mother died when he was 6. He had to learn music without his father's knowledge, for his father wanted him to become a wrestler. He did go to the Akhada and train with his father for some time, although he also started learning music and practising at his friend's house. He often credits his wrestling training for giving him the immense stamina and lung power that are the hallmarks of his flute playing, stating that,

I was not any good at wrestling. I went there only to please my father. But maybe because of the strength and stamina I built up then, I'm able to play the bansuri even to this day.

Career[edit]

Hariprasad Chaurasia started learning vocal music from his neighbor, Pandit Rajaram, at the age of 15. Later, he switched to playing the flute under the tutelage of Pandit Bholanath Prasanna of Varanasi for eight years. He joined the All India Radio, Cuttack, Odisha in 1957 and worked as a composer and performer.[3][4] Much later, while working for All India Radio, he received guidance from the reclusive Annapurna Devi, daughter of Baba Allaudin Khan. She only agreed to teach him if he switched from right-handed to left-handed playing (so as to start over free from any pre-existing errement). Another version is that she only agreed to teach him after he (of his own) took the decision to switch from right-handed to left-handed playing to show her his commitment.[5] In any case Hariprasad Chaurasia plays left-handed to this day.

Apart from classical music, he has made a mark as a music director for Indian films along with Shivkumar Sharma, forming a group called Shiv-Hari. He has collaborated with world musicians in experimental cross-cultural performances, including the fusion group Shakti.

He serves as the artistic director of the World Music Department at the Rotterdam Music Conservatory in the Netherlands. He was also the founder of the Vrindavan Gurukul in Mumbai (opened 2006) and Vrindavan Gurukul in Bhubaneshwar (opened 2010). Both of these institutes are schools dedicated to training students in Hindustani Bansuri in the Guru-shishya tradition. As a Guru, he has produced many noted disciples including his nephew Rakesh Chaurasia, Rupak Kulkarni, Vivek Sonar, Sameer Rao, Jay Gandhi, Santosh Sant and Himanshu Nanda.[6]

He has collaborated with several western musicians, including John McLaughlin, Jan Garbarek, and Ken Lauber, and has composed music for Indian films. He has performed throughout the world, winning acclaim from varied audiences and fellow musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and Jean-Pierre Rampal.

Personal life[edit]

Chaurasia was married to Kamla and Anuradha.[7] He has three sons Vinay, Ajay and Rajiv.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

The 2013 documentary film Bansuri Guru features the life and legacy of Chaurasia and was directed by the musician's son Rajeev Chaurasia and produced by the Films Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India.[9][10]

Awards[edit]

Honours[edit]

  • Honoured by Dutch Royal family at Amsterdam,and was conferred with the title Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau (“officier in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau”) and was honoured by - then - Princess Maxima herself.[12]
  • Ministry of Culture of the Republic of France.[13] He has been appointed as Knight in the Order of Arts and Letter (“Ordres des Arts et Lettres”) in appreciation of the significant contribution he has made to spread culture in France and the rest of the World - 2009
  • Honorary Doctorate by the North Orissa University for his unparalleled role and contribution to the world of Indian Classical Music - 2009

Books[edit]

  • Official biography "Woodwinds of Change" by Surjit Singh - 2008
  • 'Hariprasad Chaurasia and the Art of Improvisation', by Henri Tournier[14]

Discography[edit]

These are major albums released by Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, categorized by release dates.2

Chaurasia in 2011
Chaurasia in 2007
With Ustad Zakir Hussain (2012)
1967
1978
  • Krishnadhwani 60
1981
  • Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia - Flute
1984
  • Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia - Flute (different set of ragas,same album name)
1987
  • Morning to Midnight Ragas - Morning Ragas
1988
  • Call of the Valley
1989
  • Venu
  • Live in Ahmedabad '89
1990
  • Immortal Series
1991
  • Megh Malhar
1992
  • Night Ragas
  • Live in Amsterdam '92
  • Morning to Midnight Ragas - Afternoon Ragas
  • All time Favourites
  • Live from Sawai Gandharva Music Festival - Video (VHS)
  • Raga-s DU Nord Et Du Sud
  • Immortal Series - Flute Fantasia
1993
  • Indian Classical Masters
  • Daylight Ragas
  • Flute - Hariprasad Chaurasia
1994
  • Thumri - The Music of Love
  • In A Mellow Mood
  • Possession
  • Immortal Series - Devine Drupad
  • Classic Greats1 - Ideas on Flute
1995
  • In Live Concert
  • Cascades of Hindustani Music
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 4am to 7am Raga Bhairava: Integration[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 7am to 10am Raga Gurjari Todi: Compassion[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 10am to 1pm Raga Vrindavani Saranga: Greater Energy[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 1pm to 4pm Raga Multani: Affuence[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 4pm to 7pm Raga Marwa: Coherence[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 7pm to 10pm Raga Desh: Joy[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 10pm to 1am Raga Abhogi: Peaceful Slumber[15]
  • Maharishi Gandharva Veda - Pandit Hari Prasad Chaurasia - 1am to 4am Raga Sindhu Bhairavi: Gentleness[15]
  • Hariprasad Chaurasia - Flute
  • Malhar-Chandrika
  • Music 157 - Live in London
  • Music - Flute
  • Great Jugalbandis
  • Music from the world of OSHO - Above & Beyond
  • Prem Yog
  • Written on the Wind
  • Romantic Themes
  • Saptarishi - Live at Siri Fort
  • The Mystical Flute of Hari Prasad Chaurasia
  • Maestro's Choice
  • Basant Bahar
  • Chaurasia's Choice
1996
  • Hari Prasad Chaurasia & his Divine Flute
  • Flute Recital
  • Valley Recalls - In search of Peace, Love and Harmony
  • Krishna's Flute - Master of the Bansuri
  • Classical Encounters - A live Experience with Pt. Hari Prasad Chaurasia
  • Fabulous Flute
  • Pundit Hari Prasad Chaurasia
  • In Concert - Vancouver, B.C
  • Hariprasad Chaurasia - Flute
  • The Bamboo Flautist of His Generation
  • Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia - Nada in Jerusalem
1997
  • Classical Encounters - A Live Experience with Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia
  • Great Jugalbandis
  • The Golden Collection (Classical)
  • Immortal Essence
  • Golden Raga Collection
  • Bustan Abraham - Fanar (Guest appearance alongside Zakir Hussain)
1998
  • Samarpan-VCD Special 60th Birthday Edition
  • The Charms Companion
  • Morning to Midnight - Morning to Dusk
  • Music for Reiki
1999
  • Jugalbandi
  • Rasdhaara
  • Live Inside Khajuraho
  • Live in New Delhi - '89
  • Golden Raga Collection
  • Musical Titans of India - Jugalbandhi Video (VHS)
  • Pure Joy - Positive Energy Music
2000
  • Music without Boundaries
  • Maaya - Far East
  • Hriday - Cuba
  • Caravan Spain
  • Live Concert at Savai Gandharva Music Festival
  • Gurukul - The Guru shishya Parampara
2001
  • Adi-Ananth
  • Love Divine - Parables of Passion
  • Power & Grace - Live at the Saptak Festival 2001
  • Discovery of Indian Classical Music
  • Flute Duet
2003
  • Flute Deity Hariprasad Chaurasia
  • The Greatest Hits of Hariprasad Chaurasia
  • Salvation - Instrumental Bhajans
  • Sounds of Silence
Year unknown
  • La Flute De Pundit Hariprasad Chaurasia
  • Hariprasad Chaurasia - The Most Celebrated Flautist of India
  • Charm of the Bamboo flute
  • Kalpana - Imagination
  • A Kaleidoscope of various ragas
  • Krishna Utsav
  • Kali - Classical Instrumental
  • Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia - the Living Legend of Flute
  • Moon Light Moods - Flute Recital
  • Pt. Hariprasad Chaurasia - The Living Legend of Flute
  • Indian Music
  • HariDhwani
  • Dancing Waters
  • Fusion India - Passage of India Series
  • Being Still
  • Dhammapada - Sacred teaching of Buddha
  • The Charms Companion
  • Eternity
  • Nothing but wind (1988) - Composed by Ilaiyaraaja
With Zakir Hussain
Contributing artist

Music for Bollywood films[edit]

Along with Pandit Shivkumar Sharma he composed music for

  • Chandni
  • Darr
  • Lamhe
  • Silsila
  • Faasle
  • Vijay
  • Sahibaan

Music for Telugu films[edit]

The music for the movie Sirivennela is composed by K. V. Mahadevan which revolves around the role of Pandit Hari Prasad, a blind flautist played by Sarvadaman Banerjee and flute renditions by Hariprasad Chaurasia.[17]

Music for English films[edit]

Some of his music is used in Mithaq Kazimi's 16 Days in Afghanistan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hariprasad Chaurasia performs in Hyderabad". The Times Of India. 26 September 2009. 
  2. ^ http://www.whereincity.com/india/great-indians/artists/hariprasad-chaurasia.php
  3. ^ a b Kumar, Raj (2003). Essays on Indian Music. Discovery Publishing House. p. 220. ISBN 978-8171417193. 
  4. ^ Datta, Madhumita (2008). Let's Know Music and Musical Instruments of India. Star Publications. p. 64. ISBN 978-1905863297. 
  5. ^ interview of Hariprasad Chaurasia at http://www.kavitachhibber.com/main/main.jsp?id=hariprasad
  6. ^ http://www.hariprasadchaurasia.com/vrindaban_text.htm
  7. ^ http://www.india-today.com/itoday/06071998/arts2.html
  8. ^ "A step forward in promotion of classical music". The Hindu. 22 March 2010. 
  9. ^ Pau, Debjani (14 January 2013). "Real story of flute maestro now captured in reel". Indian Express. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  10. ^ staff (15 January 2013). "Weaving melody with the divine flute". Indian Express. Retrieved 20 January 2013. 
  11. ^ Satapathy, Rajaram (10 October 2009). "Hariprasad Chaurasia gets Akshaya Samman". The Times Of India. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  12. ^ http://hariprasadchaurasia.com/biography.htm
  13. ^ "French honour for flutist Chaurasia". The Times Of India. 12 November 2010. 
  14. ^ Hariprasad Chaurasia & the Art of Improvisation - Henri Tournier | Audio CD
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Maharishi Gandharva Veda | Bansuri - Hari Prasad Chaurasia (Vol 9)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Maharishi Gandharva Veda | Bansuri - Hari Prasad Chaurasia (Vol 16)
  17. ^ http://listing-index.ebay.com/movies/Sirivennela.html

External links[edit]