Harissa (Arabic: هريسة) is a Tunisian hot Chili pepper paste whose main ingredients are roasted red peppers, serrano peppers and other hot chili peppers and spices and herbs such as garlic paste, coriander seed, or caraway as well as some vegetable or olive oil for preservation. It is most closely associated with Tunisia, Libya and Algeria but recently also making inroads into Morocco according to Moroccan food expert Paula Wolfert. It can also be found in countries with strong Arab presence such as France or Germany. In Israel harissa is a common topping for falafel.
Recipes for harissa vary according to the household and region. Variations can include the addition of cumin, red peppers, garlic, coriander, and lemon juice. In Saharan regions, harissa can have a smoky flavor. Prepared harissa is also sold in jars, cans, bottles, tubes, plastic bags and other containers.
In Tunisia, harissa is used as an ingredient in a meat (goat or lamb) or fish stew with vegetables, and as a flavoring for couscous. It is also used for lablabi, a chickpea soup usually eaten for breakfast. In some European countries it is used sometimes as a breakfast spread for tartines or rolls. Harissa paste can also be used as a rub for meat or eggplants.
- Skhug, a hot sauce in Middle Eastern cuisine, made from fresh hot peppers seasoned with coriander, garlic and various spices
- Muhammara or acuka, a hot pepper dip in Levantine cuisine
- Ajika, a dip in Caucasian cuisine, based on a boiled preparation of hot red peppers, garlic, herbs and spices
- List of African dishes
- Morse, Kitty; Lucy Malouf (1998). Artichoke to Za'atar: Modern Middle Eastern Food. U of California P. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-8118-1503-1.
- Homemade Harissa Recipe seriouseats.com
- Fayed, Saad. "Flank Steak with Harissa". About.com. Retrieved 2009-08-02.]
- "Baby Eggplant with Harissa and Mint". Ashbury's Aubergines. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- Tunisian Harissa Export cepex.nat.tn
- Harissa: The Catsup of Tunisia Ciaoprochef
- Tunisian Harissa Recipesource.com
- The Japanese Discover Tunisian Harissa allvoices.com
- Tunisian Harissa Recipe
- Harissa Recipe Foodista