Harmeet Singh Sooden
|Harmeet Singh Sooden|
Harmeet Singh Sooden appearing in a hostage video taken on 27 November 2005
|Nationality||Canadian, New Zealander|
|Alma mater||McGill University|
Harmeet Singh Sooden (born 24 March 1973) is a Canadian-New Zealand anti-war activist who volunteered for the international NGO Christian Peacemaker Teams in Iraq. He was held captive in Baghdad with three others for almost four months and threatened with execution until being freed by multi-national forces on 23 March 2006.
Sooden was born and raised in Zambia. His parents are Sikhs from Kashmir. His great-grandfather fought for the British Indian Army in World War 1 and died in Basra in 1916 during the Mesopotamian Campaign. As his main inspiration for peace work, he cites his grandfather who was a career soldier in the British Indian Army and then the Indian Army. He says he was motivated by the extraordinary rendition and torture of a university classmate, Maher Arar, and the experience of a friend who survived the World Trade Center attack on 11 September 2001.
Sooden holds degrees in Computer Engineering from McGill University in Montréal, Canada and English literature from the University of Auckland in New Zealand. He was a member of the University of Auckland chapter of the Students for Justice in Palestine.
On 23 July 2006, Sooden did an extensive interview with journalist Sahar Ghumkhor, in which he discussed his reflections on his visits in Iraq before the kidnapping, his captivity, his release and the response of the media.
- 1 Christian Peacemaker Teams hostage crisis
- 2 International Solidarity Movement
- 3 Cubic Defence New Zealand
- 4 2006 Fox Journalists Kidnapping
- 5 Abousfian Abdelrazik
- 6 Freedom Flotilla II
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Christian Peacemaker Teams hostage crisis
Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) is an international organisation set up to support teams of peace workers in conflict areas around the world. One aspect of CPT's work in Iraq during the US occupation was to collect and publicise evidence of detainee abuse. Investigative journalist, Seymour Hersh of The New Yorker magazine, who helped to expose the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal in 2004, cited the organisation in his articles. In an interview with Democracy Now!, he said:
I ran across them when I was looking into the torture issue at Abu Ghraib, and I remember distinctly that they were on a cutting edge. I talked to people in the organization who had been active for years in total, you know, under the radar of all of us, because they didn't have photographs. They were very interested, for example, very early on in the unwarranted use of dogs in interrogations by American troops. And most of the things that I ended up writing about in Abu Ghraib, most of the general concepts, they knew a great deal about earlier.
The Christian Peacemaker Teams hostage crisis precipitated when four human rights workers of CPT, James Loney, Norman Kember, Tom Fox and Harmeet Singh Sooden, were abducted in Baghdad, Iraq on 26 November 2005 by a previously unknown group, the Swords of Righteousness Brigade. The kidnapping made media headlines around the world. The hostage-takers released videos accusing the men of being spies working for the coalition forces and threatening to execute them. On 9 March 2006, one of the hostages, Tom Fox, was executed, and the remaining three were freed in a military operation on 23 March 2006.
Upon his return to New Zealand, Sooden was warned by Prime Minister Helen Clark not to go back to Iraq saying: "The New Zealand Government constantly says to Kiwis 'Don't go there. You are walking into a war zone. It is a very, very dangerous place and New Zealand is not represented in Iraq in any shape or form and we are not in a position to help". One of the reasons Sooden volunteered with CPT (who were in Iraq with the permission of the US Government) was to highlight New Zealand's role in the invasion and occupation of Iraq.
Shortly after the release, both as a direct result of the kidnapping and the deteriorating security situation, CPT was compelled to leave Iraq. After a brief absence, CPT relocated to Iraqi Kurdistan.
Appeals for release
Many individuals and groups asked for the hostages' release, including:
- 9/11 Families for Peaceful Tomorrow, an anti-war organisation composed of survivors of the World Trade Center attacks, and friends and family members of the victims, called for the hostages' release in a press release.
- On 5 December 2005, an online petition calling for the release of the hostages was signed by more than 13000 people, including Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Arundhati Roy, Jeremy Scahill, Dahr Jamail, Denis Halliday, Tariq Ali, Cindy Sheehan, Kathy Kelly, Naomi Klein and the parents of Rachel Corrie.
- On 6 December 2005, Mahmoud Jaballah, Mohammad Zeki Mahjoub and Hassan Almrei appealed for the release of the hostages. At the time, they were being detained in Canada without charge under security certificates on the suspicion of being linked to terrorist organisations and posing a threat to the national security of Canada. Of James Loney, they said, "We care about his freedom more than we do our own."
- On 7 December 2005, Abu Qatada, described by a Spanish judge as "al-Qaeda's ambassador in Europe", called for the hostages' release from a UK prison.
- On 9 December 2005, Briton Moazzem Begg, a former detainee at the Guantanamo Bay prison, made a video appeal to the kidnappers. Begg said seeing the peace workers in orange boiler suits reminded him of his own incarceration in Guantanamo Bay.
- The Independent Activates, an Iraqi human rights group, began organising for the release of the CPT hostages as soon as they heard of their detention. They held press conferences, organised vigils, and distributed leaflets. One member of the Independent Activates publicly offered to exchange himself for the hostages.
On 23 March 2006, British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw announced: "The three hostages...have been released as a result of a multinational force operation which took place earlier today.... British forces were involved in this operation. It follows weeks and weeks of very careful work by our military and coalition personnel in Iraq and many civilians as well." It has been reported that the operation was led by the SAS from Task Force Black, a unit primarily tasked to kill or capture high-value enemy targets. Task Force Black have since been implicated in grave human rights abuses at secret detention facilities, including Camp Nama and H1. There were unconfirmed reports and speculation that elements of the Canadian special-operations unit Joint Task Force 2 were involved in the release operation. The identity and extent of the Canadian military contribution and the nature of its participation, if any, are unknown. Reports indicate that no kidnappers were present at the house where the hostages were found and no shots were fired during the operation. While it is clear the hostages were freed in a military operation, it is still not publicly known how the Coalition Forces derived the information leading to their whereabouts, and whether they were rescued or released as part of a negotiated settlement.
There was also controversy about 'chequebook journalism' on the part of state-owned TVNZ, which allegedly paid for air travel and accommodation for Sooden's family to meet him in the United Arab Emirates in exchange for the family's exclusive story. The deal was brokered with TVNZ by Sooden's former brother-in law, Mark Raymond Brewer, who has since been implicated in a number of other dubious business dealings. Sooden disassociated himself from the deal by travelling to New Zealand on a separate flight and giving an open press conference.
Trial of kidnappers
In October 2006, the Multi-National Force - Iraq (MNF-I) informed the ex-hostages that an unspecified number of men, alleged to be their kidnappers, had been captured. The authorities asked them to testify at what was described as their kidnappers' trial at the Central Criminal Court of Iraq.
On 8 December 2006, the three survivors publicly forgave their captors at a press conference held at St Ethelburga's Centre for Reconciliation and Peace in London, England. On this very day a year earlier, their kidnappers had threatened to execute them. In their joint statement of forgiveness they said, "We unconditionally forgive our captors for abducting and holding us. We have no desire to punish them.... Should those who have been charged with holding us hostage be brought to trial and convicted, we ask that they be granted all possible leniency. We categorically lay aside any rights we may have over them."
On 23 May 2007, James Loney released a public statement saying that he would not be testifying against his captors citing the lack of transparency in Iraqi courts, the limited access to lawyers and the death penalty: "I recently informed the RCMP that I will not testify. I cannot participate in a judicial process where the prospects of a fair trial are negligible, and more crucially, where the death penalty is a possibility."
There have been media reports suggesting the Christian Peacemaker Teams kidnapping is linked to the abductions of British aid worker Margaret Hassan in 2004 and United States journalist Jill Carroll in 2006, and to extrajudicial killings (for example Muharib Abdul-Latif al-Jubouri in 2007).
International Solidarity Movement
In 2004, Sooden volunteered for the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. ISM is an international human rights organisation composed of Palestinians, Israelis and internationals who monitor the human rights situation and protect human rights in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT).
When he attempted to return to the OPT in 2008, he was declared a "threat to the security of the State of Israel" and removed from Israel after being injured and detained incommunicado for four days.
Cubic Defence New Zealand
Upon his release from captivity in Iraq, the NZ Herald revealed Sooden had worked as a software engineer for Cubic Defence New Zealand (formerly Oscmar International), a US-owned company based in Auckland that manufactures training and simulation equipment for various armed forces around the world. During his captivity, the New Zealand Government and New Zealand media agreed under the Terrorist Event Media Protocols not to publicise details of his employment at Oscmar in case it put Sooden's life at further risk.
Oscmar was awarded a contract to supply the Israel Defense Forces. Shortly after he resigned, Peace Movement Aotearoa, a New Zealand peace organisation, revealed that it had received leaked documents showing that although the New Zealand government had denied Oscmar an export permit, Oscmar, undeterred, tried to fulfill the contract by electronically transferring the completed design to the United States for manufacturing. This exposure forced the New Zealand Government to open an investigation. The Government's final decision was that there was no case to answer and therefore no further action would be taken. Consequently, student demonstrations took place outside Oscmar's facilities.
In 2010, it came to light that Sooden was the subject of an investigation by the Special Investigation Groups (SIG) as a suspect for defacing Oscmar's premises with graffiti. The SIG is an NZ Police unit "dedicated to the investigation of national security-related crime including terrorism". Sooden was quoted as saying:
I submit that there is no evidence that the [graffiti] incident is in any way related to a breach of national security; that I am being considered a suspect for a crime that I did not commit; that I am not in any way a threat to the national security of New Zealand. At this stage, I can only conclude that I have been targeted by the SIG primarily on the basis of my political beliefs. More importantly, my case appears to be but one of many in which individuals and groups are being targeted by the Special Investigation Groups on spurious grounds.
Officers from the SIG were also involved in debriefing him after his kidnapping and later facilitating the attempts of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to persuade him to participate in what was described as the trial of his kidnappers.
2006 Fox Journalists Kidnapping
Sooden publicly called on the kidnappers to release Wiig and Centanni:
During our captivity in Iraq, virtually all of Palestine called for our release. Today, I implore those holding Olaf Wiig and Steve Centanni to free them immediately and unharmed. It is essential that we, the public, understand the greater context within which the kidnapping has taken place. Thousands of Palestinians, including hundreds of women and children, have been kidnapped by Israeli forces as part of a campaign [to scuttle the two-state settlement] under the aegis of the United States.
Former hostages Sooden and James Loney were among the 250 Canadians who risked charges under Canada's anti-terrorism legislation in the spring of 2009 for contributing towards a plane ticket for Abousfian Abdelrazik. Abdelrazik is a Canadian citizen who was detained by the Sudanese Government at Canada's request, tortured, imprisoned for two years without charge and then denied travel documents to return to Canada. The ticket the Canadians helped purchase exposed how the Canadian Government was actively blocking his return and led to the June 2009 court ruling which forced the Canadian Government to bring him home.
Freedom Flotilla II
In 2011, Sooden joined Freedom Flotilla II aboard the MV Tahrir: to highlight the West's support for Israel's 20‐year old policy designed to scuttle negotiations for a two-state settlement based on the international consensus, as well as the 2007 closure of Gaza and the need for certain types humanitarian aid. Other participants included Amira Hass, a prominent Israeli journalist, and Canadian Kevin Neish who was aboard the ill-fated MV Mavi Marmara in 2010 during the Gaza flotilla raid on the first Freedom Flotilla when Israeli special forces killed nine civilians.
Sooden viewed the New Zealand Government's stance on the flotilla initiative as effectively authorising Israel to kidnap the flotilla participants in international waters.
- Norman Kember
- James Loney
- Tom Fox
- 2005-2006 Christian Peacemaker hostage crisis
- Christian Peacemaker Teams
- International Solidarity Movement
- Freedom Flotilla II
- "British Iraq hostage Kember freed". BBC. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 23 March 2006.
- "Harmeet the Peacemaker". Peace Movement Aotearoa, Letter by Donna Mulhearn. December 2005.
- "Harmeet Sooden Interviewed By Sahar Ghumkhor". Scoop. 23 July 2006.
- Loney, James (2012). Captivity. p. 124.
- "Te Waha Nui talks to young New Zealand on why they fight for their beliefs" (PDF). Te Waha Nui. 12 October 2006.
- "Profile: Harmeet Singh Sooden". Fox News. 29 November 2005.
- "Video Broadcast of Kidnapped Members of Christian Peacemaker Teams that Helped Expose Abu Ghraib Prisoner Abuse Scandal". Democracy Now!. 30 November 2005.
- "Clark criticises freed hostage's decision to go to Iraq". NZ Herald. 27 March 2006.
- Loney, James (2012). Captivity. p. 401.
- "ACTION ALERT: Release Christian Peacemaker Team held in Iraq". 9/11 Families for Peaceful Tomorrows.
- "Noam Chomsky, Arundhati Roy Among 13,000 to Sign Petition Calling for Release of Kidnapped Aid Workers". Democracy Now!. 5 December 2005.
- "TORONTO: Statement on behalf of missing CPTers by three Muslim detainees in Toronto". Christian Peacemaker Teams. 6 December 2005.
- "Terror suspect's Iraq kidnap plea". BBC. 7 December 2005.
- Ex-US detainee pleads for hostage, BBC, 9 December 2005
- Inter-faith support helped save the Iraq hostages, Lebanon Star, 7 April 2006
- "Former detainees appeal for release of Western peace campaigners in Baghdad". Taipei Times. 10 December 2005.
- "Open Letter". Langley Hill Quakers. 23 April 2006.
- "Straw: Weeks of careful planning". CNN. 23 March 2006.
- "Camp Nama: British personnel reveal horrors of secret US base in Baghdad". Guardian. 1 April 2013.
- "RAF helicopter death revelation leads to secret Iraq detention camp". Guardian. 7 February 2012.
- "Ottawa's JTF2 commandos part of Iraq hostages rescue: reports". CBC. 23 March 2006.
- "Peters clears ministry over 'chequebook journalism'". NZ Herald. 5 April 2006.
- "Hostage campaigner in court over bankruptcy breach". NZ Herald. 27 October 2012.
- "Phoenix Forex's creditor claims top $2 million". NZ Herald. 5 May 2014.
- "Brewer back in hot water". Sunday Star Times. 9 February 2014.
- "Statement issued on behalf of Harmeet Sooden". Peace Movement Aotearoa. 27 March 2006.
- "EXCLUSIVE...Former Christian Peacemaker Teams Hostages Harmeet Singh Sooden and James Loney Remember Murdered Colleague Tom Fox and Explain Why They Forgive Their Captors". Democracy Now!. 8 December 2006.
- "UNITED KINGDOM: Statement by Norman Kember, James Loney, and Harmeet Singh Sooden regarding the prosecution of their kidnappers". CPT. 8 December 2006.
- "No Future Without Forgiveness". CommonDreams.org. 3 February 2009.
- "Qaeda Figure in Iraq Is Killed, U.S. Military Says". NYT. 3 May 2007.
- "Activist Harmeet Sooden return from Iraq". TVNZ. 23 November 2009.
- "Activist deported to NZ from Israel". Dominion Post. 19 June 2008.
- "Sooden Complaint" (PDF). Scoop. 29 September 2008.
- "Inquiry into Kiwi's treatment in Israel". Dominion Post. 16 December 2008.
- "MFAT's deportation response angers activist". Dominion Post. 3 June 2009.
- "NZ Washes Its Hands of Defending Human Rights". Scoop. 3 June 2009.
- "Canada Not Serious about Protecting its Citizens". Scoop. 21 December 2009.
- "Ordeal over for kidnapped student". NZ Herald. 24 March 2006.
- "Freed hostage Harmeet Sooden and the hidden Oscmar affair". Te Waha Nui. 6 May 2006.
- "Questions over military details sent to Israel". NZ Herald. 25 February 2005.
- "Laser export company in clear". NZ Herald. 30 September 2005.
- "State of It: Police SIG Unit Wasted On Tag-Busting". Scoop. 19 December 2008.
- "Statement of Intent 2005/2006" (PDF). NZ Police. May 2005.
- "Timeline: Steve Centanni and Olaf Wiig's Ordeal". Fox News. 28 August 2006.
- "Still no sign of kidnapped pair". TVNZ. 18 August 2006.
- "Press Statement 17.08.06". Scoop. 17 August 2006.
- "Canadians defy law in bid to bring home one of their own". Globe & Mail. 10 April 2009.
- "Help sought for Canadian stranded in Sudan". Toronto Star. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Abousfian Abdelrazik: Project Fly Home". People's Commission Network.
- "Kiwis to join aid flotilla to Gaza". TVNZ. 24 May 2011.
- "NZers to participate in Gaza flotilla". NZ Herald. 20 June 2011.
- Christian Peacemaker Teams.
- 'Sooden family desperate for news', New Zealand Herald, 11 December 2005.
- Free The Captives: Petition for the release of Christian Peacemakers being held in Iraq – includes latest news and daily updates, 8 November 2006.
- Statement issued on behalf of Harmeet Sooden, Peace Movement Aotearoa, 27 March 2006.
- Media statement by Harmeet Sooden, Peace Movement Aotearoa, 31 March 2006.
- RealAudio file of Sooden's post-release interview on CBC Radio's As It Happens: "I believe it's likely a ransom was paid for us", CBC Radio, 4 April 2006.