Harnai

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Harnai
Pashto: هرنای
Harnai is located in Pakistan
Harnai
Harnai
Coordinates: 30°36′N 67°34′E / 30.6°N 67.56°E / 30.6; 67.56Coordinates: 30°36′N 67°34′E / 30.6°N 67.56°E / 30.6; 67.56
Country  Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Harnai (Pashto: هرنای) is the capital of Harnai District in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located in the north east of Balochistan province. The town is surrounded by the cities Ziarat, Loralai and the state capital, Quetta. The population is predominantly Baluch Pashtun Afghan and speak the Waneci dialect of Pashto & Balochi.

History[edit]

Harnai is a district in the Balochistan province. Harnai is the principal town of this district. It is located in the north east of Balochistan province. Until 2007 Harnai had been a tehsil of Sibi District, in August the Balochistan Government announced Harnai district would be created by splitting Sibi district and forming the new district from Harnai and Shahrag tehsils and the sub-tehsil of Khost.

Harnai is also popular due to the legendary Pushtu lovers 'Gul Makai' and 'Musa Jan'. A lot of epic stories are associated with these lovers of the ancient times. Their Ziarat(mazar) is situated in Sarkhan village of Harnai. Both them are buried in the same grave.Harnai is also popular for Hunting the main hunting area is tarikan ghar, Poar, Warikha and forest of bair the hunter are hunting the differenf birds and animal those area.

Geography[edit]

Harnai is surrounded by mountainous ranges. The encircling hills have the resounding names of Khalifat and Zarghoon.

Climate[edit]

The minimum and maximum winter temperature of the area is -2˚C to 20˚C. The summer is extreme in the area and the minimum and maximum temperature falls between 20˚C to 48˚C. Harnai has a fertile rainy season during monsoon time. In general Harnai has a pleasant weather in winter season.

Administration[edit]

It consists of the Tehsils i.e. Headquarters Harnai, Main Tehsil Sharig, Sub Tehsil Khost, and more small towns. The district headquarters is in Harnai Tehsil. So far since 2007 the following were District Heads

  1. Muhammad Siddique Mandokhail 2007-2008
  2. Saleh Muhammad Nasar 2008-2009
  3. Paraddin Khan Khiliji 2010-2011
  4. Nazar Barech 2011-

Geography and climate[edit]

Harnai is surrounded by mountainous ranges. The minimum and maximum winter temperature of the area is -2˚C to 20˚C. The summer is extreme in the area and the minimum and maximum temperature falls between 20˚C to 48˚C. Harnai has a fertile rainy season during monsoon time. In general Harnai has a pleasant weather in winter season.

Demography[edit]

Harnai has a population of about 200,000 in 1977 but may be the figure is not accurate. The town is dominated by the Rind tribe of Baloch, Tareen tribe of Pashtun and Afghans (35), syed (pachi,Bukhari,Maswani,Miagan,and Qadree)are (35%) Baloch is the Third largest ethnic group(10%). Waneci (also called Tareeno) is the language spoken in the area, which is very different in dialect from the Pashto spoken in other parts of the neighbouring districts. Majority of the people of Harnai are tareen and bugti/rind . The local people of Harnai are Baloch, Pushtuns or Afghans(Tareen Tribe),Syed (pachi,Bukhari,Maswani,Miagan,and Qadree) and Baloch Marri and Sailachi. The most populous ethnic groups of the town are Abdullani, Khadrani, Aspani, Miani, Shaikh, Wanaichi, Maraizai, and Bazani etc. Harnai is the capital city of Harnai District in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The main hurdle in the way of making it district was the controversies in the political parties of Harnai.