Harnaut

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Harnaut
हरनौत
city
Harnaut is located in Bihar
Harnaut
Harnaut
Coordinates: 25°22′0″N 85°32′0″E / 25.36667°N 85.53333°E / 25.36667; 85.53333Coordinates: 25°22′0″N 85°32′0″E / 25.36667°N 85.53333°E / 25.36667; 85.53333
Country  India
State Bihar
Region Magadha
District Nalanda
Government
 • MLA Harinarayan Singh
 • DM Kartikey Dhanji Budhdhabhati, IAS
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 176,140
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Magadhi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 803110
Telephone code +91-06112
Vehicle registration BR 21
Sex ratio 1.08(1000/914) [1] /
Literacy 78.32%
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Nearest city Gaya, Rajgir, Patna
Lok Sabha constituency Nalanda
Website http://nalanda.bih.nic.in/

Harnaut is a city in Nalanda district of Bihar state, India. Harnaut is the entrance city of Nalanda. The Hinduism,buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, and Pawapuri are nearby this city Harnaut. Chief minister of bihar mr.Nitish kumar is from Harnaut.

Geography And Climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

It is located at 25°22′0″N 85°32′0″E / 25.36667°N 85.53333°E / 25.36667; 85.53333 at an elevation of 43 m above MSL.[2] Harnaut is one of the most prominent block of Nalanda district. It is gate city of Nalanda.It is located 55 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar state. It is 23 km from the ruins at Nalanda. It is situated at bank of River Panchanan. The land of harnaut is very fertile. Alluvial soil is mostly deposited by several rivers of this area. There are many local rivers such as Dhoba, Panchanan, etc. Holy river Ganges is passed through near by 10 km.

Climate[edit]

File:Harnaut evening.jpg
Harnaut evening in spring

It is Hot in summer. Harnaut summer highest day temperature is in between 25 ° C to 42° C . Average temperatures of January is 13 ° C , February is 19 ° C , March is 25 ° C , April is 30 ° C , May is 32 ° C .

Harnaut
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
20
 
 
23
9
 
 
12
 
 
26
12
 
 
11
 
 
33
17
 
 
9.6
 
 
37
22
 
 
37
 
 
38
25
 
 
150
 
 
37
27
 
 
314
 
 
33
26
 
 
273
 
 
33
26
 
 
205
 
 
32
25
 
 
71
 
 
32
22
 
 
7.5
 
 
29
15
 
 
6.7
 
 
25
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: worldweather[3] wetterkontor.de[4]

Overview[edit]

Chief minister of Bihar, Mr. Nitish Kumar has been elected many times as MLA from Harnaut legislative assembly seat. His native village Kalyan Bigha is 4 km north-west of Haranut. River muhane passes 1 km west of the city. At present this city do not have municipality, but it is under Sabnahua panchayat. People of city are demanding to make it a subdivision. Population of city is nearly around 176140. This beautiful city is divided into many parts : Harnaut Beech Bazar, NH-30A,station rd-kalyanbigha and Harnaut-athmalgola road. Administrative offices are in Dakbanglow Road. Dakbanglow Road is linked to High School Harnaut, Middle School Harnaut, many tuition centres, a big play ground and guest house. Beech Bazar and Gonawa Road is the commercial area of Harnaut. A small bus stand and a green grocery is located just besides the NH-31. This city is linked to several small roads like- Chandi Road, Gonawa Road, Dakwanglaw Road, Kalyan Bigha Road, etc.

There is a Carriage Repair Workshop under East central railway at Harnaut for POH of 50 Non-AC coaches per month.

Economy[edit]

Banks

Agriculture is the main source of income, with rice, wheat, pulses, fruits and vegetables being the main crop. There is also one railway coach factory located in Harnaut.Agriculture is the prime activity although tourism in nearby places like Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri boosts economy of this town very much. This town supplies agricultural products like cauliflower, potato, mustard seed and other vegetables to neighbouring states. Although the economy is mainly based on agriculture products, footwear and garments are also manufactured at household industries.

Education[edit]

Schools

College

Colleges are under Magadha University ,Patna University and one of the most historical University Nalanda University .

Culture[edit]

Durga Puja.
A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja festival
People Celebrating Chhath Festival the 2nd Day at Morning a Tribute to the Rising Holly God Sun
Holi celebrations children celebrating holi festival of colours

.

Homes, such as above, and buildings are decorated with festive lights for Diwali

.

Location[edit]

National Highway 30A passes through Harnaut. Nearest airport is Patna Airport. National highway 31 also passes through the city.Most of one popular area srichandpur near railway station harnaut. Harnaut is a major road and rail network.

Transport and connectivity[edit]

Road network

National Highway 31 near Lataguri, West Bengal.

Harnaut is well connected by roads to different cities. NH-30 A connect Varanasi, Patna via Fatuah to sheikhpura district Barbigha ,Barh, Deoghar etc. Harnaut thus serves as the gateway of the district NALANDA to central and southern Bihar. Similarly, NH 31 connects Ranchi via Hazaribagh & Harnaut to northeastern India up to Guwahati .

  • Distance
 Harnaut-Patna(55 km)
 Harnaut-Gaya(110 km)
 Harnaut-Bhagalpur(196.9 km)
 Harnaut-Buxar(192.2 km)
 Harnaut-Ranchi(277.5 km)
 Harnaut-Dhanbad(268.6 km)
 Harnaut-Deoghar(195 km)
 Harnaut-Howrah(492.8 km)
 Harnaut-Varanasi(317.8 km)
 Harnaut-New Delhi(1100.8 km)
 Harnaut-Allahabad(426.9 km)

Rail network

Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line
Kms
0 Bakhtiyarpur
Asansol-Patna section of
of Howrah-Delhi main line
3 Karnauti(Halt)
7 Kharuara(Halt)
11 Harnaut
Harnaut Railway
Coach Maintenance Workshop
14 Muhari(Halt)
16 Wena
18 Imlibigha(Halt)
19 Rahul Road
20 Ambapendarpur(Halt)
21 Depkura(Halt)
27 Suhsarai
30 Bihar Sharif
34 Tungi(Halt)
36 Pawapuri Road
37 Deepnagar(Halt)
42 Nalanda
44 Marahra
47 Silao
49 Karahdih(Halt)
51 Sardar Patel Halt
54 Rajgir
61 Nekpur
to Fatuha-Tilaiya line
71 Natesar
78 Jethian
82 Sarsoo
90 Oro Jagdishpur
94 Mohamadpur
96 Hisua
to Gaya-Kiul line
100 Tilaiya
to Gaya-Kiul line
to Koderma (planned)

Harnaut railway station for the people of Harnaut. It connects Harnaut with the major cities in India like New delhi , Howrah by the Howrah-Delhi Main Line.Harnaut railway station on bakhtiyarpur-Gaya main line. This is firstly bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir main line then line is being further expanded to Natesar to connect with Gaya junction.Harnaut railway is in the Danapur railway division of the East Central Railway zone. Harnaut is well connected with Patna junction , Rajgir , Jehanabad, Biharsharif, Gaya junction , Howrah , New delhi through daily passenger,express and super fast trains in services.

Harnaut Coach Repair Workshohp[edit]

Coach Repair Workshop (CRWP) is being set up east of Harnaut railway station by the Indian Railways. Foundation stone wad laid by then president of the country, Honorable A.P.J Abdul Kalam, along with Minister for Railways Mr. Nitish Kumar. This is about to complete by 2012. East central railwayhad no carriage repair workshop and was totally dependent on ER and NER. In order to be self-reliant and improve efficiency, workshop for overhauling of 50 coaches per month has been set up at Harnaut on Bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir section of Danapur division of East Central Railway. The workshop is spread over 75 acres of land and there is scope for future expansion also It has so far carried out 139 POH of Non AC ICF Coaches. It’s present outturn is 20 coaches per month and target from April 1st2014 is 30 coaches per month and gradually improving. Most of its infrastructure was completed in 2013 and in future there is plan to repair air-conditioned coaches as well.

East Central Railway, though barely out of infancy, only 11 years old, has a long way to go in its path of progress. There are many new challenges for the future. There are many new lines, doubling of track, Road over bridges, Rail over bridges, new trains, new terminals need to be planned and made in order to fulfill the dream and aspiration of the people of the area to be a developed passenger and freight railways.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference UA1Lakhandabove was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/34/Harnaut.html Map and weather of Harnaut
  3. ^ India Meteorological Department 8 May 2015
  4. ^ wetterkontor.de8 May 2015

External links[edit]