Haro, La Rioja
Location within La Rioja.
|Autonomous community||La Rioja|
|• Mayor||Patricio Capellán Hervías (PP)|
|• Total||40.53 km2 (15.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||479 m (1,572 ft)|
|• Total||12,261 (6,498 men, 5,763 women)|
|• Density||302.52/km2 (783.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CET (UTC+2)|
|44 km to Logroño, 43 km to Vitoria|
Haro is a town and municipality in the northwest of La Rioja province in northern Spain. It is known for its fine red wine and every year the Haro Wine Festival is held where locals hold a wine battle.
It has an important architectural heritage, including the main entrance of the Santo Tomás Church, the work of Felipe Vigarny, numerous palaces, and the old town, which was declared a Historic-Artistic Site in 1975.
Apart from its role as home to many of the great bodegas in La Rioja, one of Haro's other claims to fame is that it was the first town in Spain to have electric street lighting.
There are several theories about the founding of Haro, though the most realistic theory is that of Domingo Hergueta, who argued that before the town, there was a lighthouse near the village of Cerro de la Mota which illuminated the mouth of the Ebro river. The town received the name of the lighthouse (faro), and in Castilian Spanish evolved into the name 'Haro'.
During the Roman rule of Hispania, a fort called Castrum Bibilium was built in the cliffs of Bibilio.
The first mention of Haro dates back to the year 1040, in a document of king García Sánchez III of Navarre"el de Nájera".
Alfonso VI of León and Castile entrusted the tenencia to Diego López I de Haro after the death of count García Ordóñez and the first of the lords of Biscay to attach the name of this town to his patronymic was Diego's son, Lope Díaz I de Haro.
Heraldry and Vexillology
The shield of Haro is made in the center of a castle with battlements on gules, Mazon and doors and windows. On both sides of it, large lions rampant. The shield is covered on top by a ducal crown and the bottom with the hem of the Golden Fleece
The flag consists of the shield of the city in the center, and a red burgundy background typical of the regions of Castile.
Santo Tomás parish church has a conjuratory in its bell tower
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