|Harold A. Covington|
September 14, 1953 |
Burlington, North Carolina, USA
|Occupation||Writer, political activist|
Harold Armstead Covington (born September 14, 1953) is an American white supremacist activist and writer. He has been active in white nationalism since the 1970s, and advocates the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest.
Born in Burlington, North Carolina, Covington joined the National Socialist White People's Party while in the U.S. Army in 1972, then moved to South Africa, and later to Rhodesia (now known as Zimbabwe). Covington was a founding member of the Rhodesian White People's Party. He was deported from Rhodesia in 1976, after sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation.
Covington joined the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA) after returning from Rhodesia. In 1980, while leader of the party, he lost a primary election for the Republican nomination for candidates for attorney general of North Carolina. Covington resigned as president of the NSPA in 1981. That same year, Covington alleged a connection between the NSPA and would-be presidential assassin John W. Hinckley. However, law enforcement authorities were never able to corroborate the alleged Hinckley-NSPA connection.
Covington later settled in the United Kingdom for several years, where he made contact with British far-right groups and was involved in setting up the neo-Nazi terror group Combat 18 (C18) in 1992. C18 openly promotes violence and antisemitism, and has adopted some of the features of the American far right.
Upon his second return to the United States, Covington started a new political entity, the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP), which he ran from various locations until settling in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. He launched its website in 1996, and for some time the NSWPP was one of the more active white supremacist presences on the Internet. A dispute over use of the NSWPP's name arose when Matt Koehl, head of the New Order, the direct successor organization of the NSWPP, declared the name was copyrighted by the George Lincoln Rockwell Foundation, Inc. Subsequently, a notice appeared in place of Covington's primary website, barring him from using the term NSWPP in "printed material, electronic messaging and Internet Domain Names." Covington's NSWPP website is now defunct. Covington has sometimes used the alias "Winston Smith", particularly in his role as head of the NSWPP.
- The March Up Country
- The Stars in Their Path: A Novel of Reincarnation
- Other Voices, Darker Rooms: Eight Grim Tales
- Dreaming the Iron Dream
- The Renegade
- Bonnie Blue Murder: A Civil War Murder Mystery
- Rose of Honor
- Revelation 9
- The Black Flame
- Fire and Rain
- A Slow Coming Dark
Covington's five "Northwest" novels present a fictionalized account of the rise of a future "Northwest American Republic". This nation secedes from the United States, ejects all non-white inhabitants from its territory, including Jews, and becomes a regional superpower, defeating US attempts to reconquer it.
- The Hill of the Ravens (2003)
- A Distant Thunder (2004)
- A Mighty Fortress (2005)
- The Brigade (2008)
- Freedom's Sons (2011–2012)
- Brennan Clarke, "Neo-Nazi sympathizer fatally shot by Nanaimo police didn’t fire flare gun, probe told". Toronto Globe and Mail. June 25, 2011.
- "NorthwestFront.org". Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- "Codename Greenkil: The 1979 Greensboro Killings - p.46". Elizabeth Wheaton via Google books. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Nazi Loses in Republican Primary". Reading Eagle via Google News. May 7, 1980. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "N.C.Nazi Chief Quits". The Sumter Daily via Google News. March 27, 1981. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Doubts grow over Hinkley's nazi ties". Hendersonville Times-News via Google News. April 2, 1981. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "antisem/archive". Institute for Jewish Policy Research. September 1998. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Archive of NSWPP.org.
- "Hate on the Internet: The Anti-Defamation League Perspective - Statement of Anti-Defamation League before the Senate Judiciary Committee". hatemonitor.csusb.edu - via Waybackmachine. September 14, 1999. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2001). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. 2001. p28. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4.
- "Thoughtcrime". Blogspot. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Internet Archive Search: Harold Covington". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Smelly Cheese". Southern Poverty Law Center. Summer 2003. Retrieved July 23, 2011.