|Harold A. Covington|
September 14, 1953 |
Burlington, North Carolina, USA
|Occupation||Writer, political activist|
|Genre||White supremacy, science fiction|
Harold Armstead Covington (born September 14, 1953) is an American white supremacist activist and writer. He has been active in white nationalism in the United States and United Kingdom since the 1970s. Covington advocates the creation of an "Aryan homeland" in the Pacific Northwest, and is the founder of the Northwest Front, an online political movement which seeks to further this goal.
Born in Burlington, North Carolina, Covington joined the National Socialist White People's Party while in the U.S. Army in 1972, then moved to South Africa, and later to Rhodesia (now known as Zimbabwe). Covington was a founding member of the Rhodesian White People's Party. He was deported from Rhodesia in 1976, after sending threatening letters to a Jewish congregation.
Covington joined the National Socialist Party of America (NSPA) after returning from Rhodesia. In 1980, while leader of the party, he lost a primary election for the Republican nomination for candidates for attorney general of North Carolina. Covington resigned as president of the NSPA in 1981. That same year, Covington alleged a connection between the NSPA and would-be presidential assassin John W. Hinckley. However, law enforcement authorities were never able to corroborate the alleged Hinckley-NSPA connection.
Covington later settled in the United Kingdom for several years, where he made contact with British far-right groups and was involved in setting up the neo-Nazi terror group Combat 18 (C18) in 1992. C18 openly promotes violence and antisemitism, and has adopted some of the features of the American far right.
In 1994, Covington started a new political entity, the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP), in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, which was briefly the most active neo-Nazi party in The United States. He no longer runs the NSWPP. He launched a website in 1996, and used the Nickname Winston Smith, becoming one of the first neo-Nazi presences on the Internet.
- The Black Flame
- The Book of the National Socialist Brotherhood
- The March Up Country
- Rose of Honor
Covington has self-published five dystopian science fiction novels, dubbed the "Northwest Quintet"[by whom?]. Set in the mid-21st century, the novels depict the rise of a whites-only "Northwest American Republic", similar to the one Covington advocates.
- The Hill of the Ravens (2003)
- A Distant Thunder (2004)
- A Mighty Fortress (2005)
- The Brigade (2008)
- Freedom's Sons (2011–2012)
- Brennan Clarke (July 25, 2011). "Neo-Nazi sympathizer fatally shot by Nanaimo police didn’t fire flare gun, probe told". Toronto Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- NorthwestFront.org. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Codename Greenkil: The 1979 Greensboro Killings – p.46. Elizabeth Wheaton via Google books. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Nazi Loses in Republican Primary". Reading Eagle via Google News. May 7, 1980. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "N.C.Nazi Chief Quits". The Sumter Daily via Google News. March 27, 1981. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Doubts grow over Hinkley's nazi ties". Hendersonville Times-News via Google News. April 2, 1981. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "antisem/archive". Institute for Jewish Policy Research. September 1998. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Hate on the Internet: The Anti-Defamation League Perspective – Statement of Anti-Defamation League before the Senate Judiciary Committee". Hatemonitor.csusb.edu via Waybackmachine. September 14, 1999. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (2001). Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity. New York University Press. p.28. ISBN 0-8147-3124-4.
- "Thoughtcrime". Blogspot. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
- Tsai, Robert (2014). America's Forgotten Constitutions: Defiant Visions of Power and Community. Harvard University Press. p. 338. ISBN 978-0674059955.
- "Internet Archive Search: Harold Covington". Retrieved February 18, 2013.
- "Smelly Cheese". Southern Poverty Law Center. Summer 2003. Retrieved July 23, 2011.