Harold Frederic (born Harold Henry Frederick; August 19, 1856 – October 19, 1898) was an American journalist and novelist.
Life and career
Frederic was born in Utica, New York, to Presbyterian parents. After his father was killed in a train accident when Frederic was 18 months old, the boy was raised primarily by his mother. He finished school at fifteen, and soon began work as a photographer. For four years he was a photographic touch-up artist in his hometown and in Boston. In 1875 he began work as a proofreader for the Utica Herald and then the Utica Daily Observer. Frederic later became a reporter. By 1882 he was editor of the Albany Evening Journal in the state capital.
Two years later he went to live in England as London correspondent of the New York Times, and worked at this position for the rest of his life. He was soon recognized for his ability both as a writer and as a talker.
Frederic wrote several early stories, but it was not until he published Illumination (1896), better known by its American title, The Damnation of Theron Ware; followed by Gloria Mundi (1898), that his gifts as a novelist were fully realized. Critic Jonathan Yardley called Damnation "a minor classic of realism".
Marriage and family
Frederic had married Grace Green Williams in 1877, and they had five children together. He moved with his family to London, going over for a time by himself in 1884. The family was relocated by 1889.
Afterward he met Kate Lyon, who became his mistress. Frederic and Lyon established a second household, living openly together; and they had three illegitimate children. Lyon was a Christian Scientist. When Frederic suffered a stroke in 1898, she tried to cure him through faith healing. After his death, she was tried on charges of manslaughter brought by his wife Grace Frederic, and acquitted at trial.
- (1887). Seth's Brother's Wife. New York, London.
- (1890). The Lawton Girl. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
- (1890). In the Valley, a story of 1777. New York, London.
- (1892). The Return of the O'Mahoney. G. W. Dillingham Co., New York. London, 1893.
- (1893). The Copperhead, Charles Scribner's Sons. New York.
- (1896). Marsena. London.
- (1896). The Damnation of Theron Ware, Stone & Kimball, New York. Also called Illumination. London, Leipzig 1896 [Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1960].
- (1896). March Hares. London.
- (1898). Gloria Mundi. Chicago, New York, London.
- (1899). The Market Place. New York, London.
- (1894). 'The Copperhead' and Other Stories of the North During the American War. London.
- (1894). 'Marsena' and Other Stories of the Wartime. New York.
- (1896). Mrs. Albert Grundy: Observations in Philisia. London, New York.
- (1897). In the Sixties.
- (1898). 'The Deserter' and Other Stories: A Book of Two Wars. Lothrop Publishing Company, Boston.
- (1966). Harold Frederic's Stories of York State.
- (1891). The Young Emperor William II of Germany: A Study in Character Development on a Throne. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
- (1892). The New Exodus: A Study of Israel in Russia. New York, London.
- Bennett, Bridget (1997). The Damnation of Harold Frederic. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. p. xix. ISBN 0-8156-0390-8.
- Yardley, Jonathan. (November 27, 2006.) "In 'Theron Ware,' Realism Wears Well", The Washington Post. Retrieved on February 22, 2010.
- Harkness, Luther Day (1899). Christian Science and Kindred Delusions, Published by Author, pp. 31-32.
- Short, William (1899). Christian Science, Thomas Whittaker, pp. 55-56.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Frederic, Harold". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Frederic, Harold". New International Encyclopedia. 1906.
- Cargill, Oscar (1933). The Social Revolt. American Literature from 1888 to 1914, The Macmillan Company.
- Gatta, John (1997). American Madonna: Images of the Divine Woman in Literary Culture, Oxford University Press.
- Hind, C. Lewis (1922). "Harold Frederic." In More Authors and I, Dodd, Mead and Company.
- O'Donnell, Thomas Francis (1961). Harold Frederic, Twayne Publishers.
- Payne, William Morton (1902). "Harold Frederic." In Editorial Echoes, A. C. McClurg & Co.
- Wilson, Edmund (1973). The Devils and Canon Barham, Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
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- Works by Harold Frederic at Project Gutenberg
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- Works by Harold Frederic at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Works by Harold Frederic, at Unz.org
- Harold Frederic's The Damnation of Theron Ware (biography, bibliography etc.)