Harold G. Hoffman

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For the California politician, see Harold Hofmann.
Harold Giles Hoffman
41st Governor of New Jersey
In office
January 15, 1935 – January 18, 1938
Preceded by A. Harry Moore
Succeeded by A. Harry Moore
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1927 – March 3, 1931
Preceded by Stewart H. Appleby
Succeeded by William H. Sutphin
Personal details
Born (1896-02-07)February 7, 1896
South Amboy, New Jersey
Died June 4, 1954(1954-06-04) (aged 58)
New York City, New York
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Lillie Moss
Religion Methodist
Signature

Harold Giles Hoffman (February 7, 1896 – June 4, 1954) was an American politician, a Republican who served as the 41st Governor of New Jersey, from 1935 to 1938. He also served two terms representing New Jersey's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives, from 1927 to 1931.

Early life[edit]

Hoffman was born in South Amboy, New Jersey to Frank Hoffman and Ada Crawford Thom. His mother was the daughter of the painter James Crawford Thom and the granddaughter of Scottish sculptor James Thom. Hoffman also had two ancestors who were soldiers in the American Revolutionary War. His father's side of the family were among some of the early settlers in New Amsterdam, now known as New York, and they originated in Sweden; Hoffman's father's family were the descendents of Dutch nobility.[1]

He attended public schools and graduated from South Amboy High School in 1913. He worked with a local newspaper until enlisting on July 25, 1917 as a private in the Third Regiment of the New Jersey Infantry. He served overseas as a captain and advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel until he was discharged with the rank of colonel in 1946.[2] After World War I, Hoffman returned to South Amboy and became an executive with the South Amboy Trust Company. He would later became the bank's president, a position he would hold until 1942.

Political career[edit]

  • 1917 to 1919, military service
  • 1920 to 1925, city treasurer of South Amboy
  • 1923 to 1924, New Jersey General Assembly
  • 1925 to 1926, Mayor of South Amboy, New Jersey
  • 1927 to 1931, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • 1931 to 1935, state motor vehicle commissioner
  • 1935 to 1938, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1938 to 1942, director of the state Unemployment Compensation Commission
  • 1942 to 1946, military service
  • 1946 to 1954, director of the state Unemployment Compensation Commission

Due to World War II, Hoffman was granted military leave as director of the Unemployment Compensation Commission on June 15, 1942. He reentered the army as a major in the Transportation Corps and served until June 24, 1946 when he was discharged with the rank of colonel. Upon discharge, Hoffman resumed his position as director of the Unemployment Commission.

As governor, Hoffman secretly visited convicted Lindbergh kidnapper Bruno Hauptmann in his death row cell on the evening of October 16, 1935 with Anna Bading, a stenographer and fluent speaker of German. Hoffman urged the other members of the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals, then the state's highest court, to visit Hauptmann. Despite Governor Hoffman's doubt regarding Hauptmann's guilt, Hoffman was unable to convince the other members of the court to re-examine the case, and Hauptmann was executed on April 3, 1936.

Hoffman was a delegate to the 1936 Republican National Convention.

As governor, Harold Hoffman got into at least two separate fist-fights with reporters. Hoffman's advocacy of a state sales tax cost him the support of his own party, and he was not renominated for a third term as governor.

In 1948 he appeared on the short-lived ABC network program That Reminds Me.

On February 2, 1950, Hoffman was one of four panelists on the debut presentation of the game show What's My Line?.

On March 18, 1954, Governor Robert B. Meyner uncovered a significant embezzlement scheme perpetrated by Hoffman, and suspended him from his position of Employment Security Division Director. Three months later, in June 1954, Hoffman died in a New York City hotel room of a heart attack. Just before dying, the disgraced former governor wrote a confession and admitted that he had embezzled over $300,000 from the state. Hoffman is buried in Christ Church Cemetery in South Amboy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, William Starr. The Story of New Jersey (1945). Reprinted as Prominent Families of New Jersey (Genealogical Publishing Company, 2000), p. 8. "Harold G. Hoffman...in the paternal line comes of a family that originated in Sweden and married with the nobility of Holland."
  2. ^ "Harold Giles Hoffman". Find A Grave. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stewart H. Appleby
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1927 – March 3, 1931
Succeeded by
William H. Sutphin
Political offices
Preceded by
A. Harry Moore
Governor of New Jersey
January 15, 1935 – January 18, 1938
Succeeded by
A. Harry Moore
Party political offices
Preceded by
David Baird, Jr.
Republican Nominee for Governor of New Jersey
1934
Succeeded by
Lester H. Clee