|Born||Harold Hering Knerr
September 4, 1882
Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
|Died||July 8, 1949
Manhattan, New York
|The Katzenjammer Kids|
Harold Hering Knerr (September 4, 1882 – July 8, 1949) was an American comic strip creator, who signed his work H. H. Knerr. He was best known as the writer-artist of The Katzenjammer Kids for 35 years.
Born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, Harold Knerr's father was Calvin B. Knerr, a German physician who had migrated to the United States. His mother was Melitta Hering, daughter of Constantine Hering, a pioneer of homeopathy. After attending the Episcopal Academy, he studied for two years at the Philadelphia College of Art and then became a newspaper illustrator. He recalled, "My first newspaper work was drawing pictures of gravestones atop the oldest graves in a local cemetery for The Philadelphia Record. These were paid for at the fee of three dollars each."
According to Knerr authority James Lowe, Knerr was extremely prolific, producing more than 1,500 Sunday comic pages between 1901 and 1914 for a half-dozen continuing features in three different Philadelphia newspapers.
He created his first comic strip, Zoo-Illogical Snapshots, for the Public Ledger. In 1899, when he was 18, he started working for the Philadelphia Inquirer. In 1901, he drew the Sunday strip, Willie's Revenge, followed by a number of comic strips, including the Mr. Jack-inspired Mr. George and His Wife (1904–14). In 1906, he took over the strip Scary William and continued it until 1914. From June 15, 1913 to November 15, 1914, he drew The Irresistible Rag. (The cartoonist Joe Doyle drew both Scary William and The Irresistible Rag after Knerr left these strips.)
The Katzenjammer Kids
Knerr took over The Katzenjammer Kids Sunday strip in November 1914 when Dirks left the Hearst-owned New York Morning Journal after a legal dispute. During World War I, some newspapers retitled the strip as The Shenanigan Kids, and the nationality of the characters was changed to Dutch instead of German because of World War I anti-German sentiments. It changed back to its original name and contents in 1920. He continued to write and draw the strip until his death in 1949, when it was taken over by Charles H. Winner.
Knerr's continuation of The Katzenjammer Kids has been praised as "a particularly brilliant job... true to the spirit of the original, and yet stylistically his own."
Dinglehoofer und His Dog Adolph
On May 16, 1926, Knerr started Dinglehoofer und His Dog Adolph, a topper which accompanied The Katzenjammer Kids until two years after his death. By 1936, to avoid any association with Adolf Hitler, the dog's name was changed to Schnappsy.
Knerr never married. In New York during the 1940s, he lived in the Hotel Blackstone at 50 East 58th Street. On July 8, 1949, he died in Manhattan from heart disease, survived by a sister in Carmel, California and a brother in Philadelphia.
- Zoo-Illogical Snapshots
- Mr. George and His Wife (1904–14)
- Hard Luck Bill (1903–04)
- Die Fineheimer Twins (1903–14)
- Scary William (1906–14)
- The Irresistible Rag (1913–14)
- The Katzenjammer Kids (1913–49)
- Dinglehoofer und His Dog (1926–49)
Books of Katzenjammer Kids comics were produced in the 1930s, including Katzenjammer Kids in the Mountains (1934, Saalfield Publishing) and The Katzenjammer Kids (1939, Dell Publishing). In 1935, Whitman published Dinglehoofer und his Dog Adolph.
- Lowe, James R. "H.H. Knerr"
- Goulart, Ron. The Funnies: 100 Years of American Comic Strips. Adams, 1995.
- "The Katzenjammer Kids". Toonopedia. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Wagenknecht, Edward. American Profile: 1900-1909. University of Massachusetts Press, 1982.
- Eckhorst, Tim (2012). Rudolph Dirks – Katzenjammer, Kids & Kauderwelsch (in German). Wewelsfleth: Deich Verlag. p. 58. ISBN 978-3-942074-05-6.
- Waugh, Coulton; Inge, M. Thomas (1947). The Comics. University Press of Mississippi. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-87805-499-2. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- "Dinglehoofer und His Dog". Toonopedia. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- "Milestones". Time. 1949-07-18. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
- Google Books info on 1934 Saalfield book
- Google Books info on 1939 Dell book
- Knerr, H.H. Dinglehoofer und his dog Adolph. Whitman, 1935.