Harold Roper Robinson
Robinson was born in Ulverston, Lancashire on 26 November 1889, the eldest of four brothers and one sister. In 1908 he went to Manchester University on a scholarship. Between 1908 and 1921, he was successively undergraduate, research student, Assistant Lecturer and Demonstrator, Senior Assistant Lecturer in Physics and Assistant Director of the Physical Laboratory at Manchester.
The citation on his election to Fellowship of the Royal Society in 1929 reads: "Before 1914 he carried out a series of researches into the nature of Beta-rays and other problems of radio activity. Distinguished also by his recent work on the energies of X-ray levels, as deduced from the velocities of secondary corpuscular rays, on which important branch of atomic physics he has obtained world-wide recognition as one of the pioneers."
"Professor Robinson came to Queen Mary College, University of London, from University College, Cardiff, as Head of the Physics Department. He is acknowledged as one of the greatest of Rutherford's collaborators. He devised and developed the techniques of X-ray photoelectric spectroscopy and X-ray emission spectroscopy which became valuable tools in chemical analysis. Arising from this work he also deduced the then most accurate values of ratios of atomic constants."
- H. R. Robinson, "Rutherford: life and work to the year 1919, with personal reminiscences of the Manchester period", in Rutherford at Manchester (ed. J. B. Birks), pp. 53–86 (Heywood & Co., London, 1962)
- H. R. Robinson and L. Wright, "Evan Jenkin Evans", Proc. Phys. Soc. 56, PP. 404–406 (1944).
- Harold Roper Robinson. 1889–1955, E. N. da C. Andrade, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 3, (Nov., 1957), pp. 161–172, The Royal Society, London. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- William Van der Kloot, Lawrence Bragg's role in the development of sound-ranging in World War I, Notes and Records of the Royal Society. 22 September 2005, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 273–284. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- Professor Robinson, Queen Mary College, originally published on: 10 August 2003 at: www.ph.qmul.ac.uk/history/chronology/dept-chronology-19. Archived at zoominfo.com. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- News and views, Nature 123, 325-329 (2 March 1929) doi:10.1038/123325a0; Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- Recipients of the Rutherford Medal and Prize, Institute of Physics. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
From 1942 to 1964, the award was named the "Rutherford Memorial Lecture".