Harold Russell

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For the New Zealand politician, see Harold Arthur Russell.
Harold Russell
Best Years of Our Lives 01 bar.jpg
Russell in the film The Best Years of Our Lives for which he won two Academy Awards.
Born Harold John Russell
(1914-01-14)January 14, 1914
North Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Died January 29, 2002(2002-01-29) (aged 88)
Needham, Massachusetts
Spouse(s) Rita Russell-Nixon (1944-1978)
Betty Marshalsea (1981-2002)
Children Adele, Gerald

Harold John Russell (January 14, 1914 – January 29, 2002) was a Canadian-American World War II veteran who became one of only two non-professional actors to win an Academy Award for acting (the other being Haing S. Ngor). Russell also holds the unique honor of receiving two Academy Awards for the same role.

Background[edit]

Harold Russell was born in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada and moved to Massachusetts with his family in 1933. In 1941, he was so profoundly affected by the December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor that he enlisted in the Army on the following day.

While an Army instructor, and training with the U.S. 13th Airborne Division at Camp Mackall, North Carolina, on June 6, 1944, a defective fuse detonated an explosive he was handling while making a training film.[1] As a result, he lost both hands and was given two hooks to serve as hands. After his recovery, and while attending Boston University as a full-time student, Russell was featured in an Army film called Diary of a Sergeant about rehabilitating war veterans.

The Best Years of Our Lives[edit]

When film director William Wyler saw the film on Russell, he cast him in The Best Years of Our Lives with Fredric March and Dana Andrews. Russell played the role of Homer Parrish, a sailor who lost both hands during the war.

For his role as Parrish, Russell won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1947. Earlier in the ceremony, he was awarded an honorary Oscar for "bringing hope and courage to his fellow veterans." The special award had been created because the Board of Governors very much wanted to salute Russell, a non-professional actor, but assumed he had little chance for a competitive win. It was the only time in Oscar history that the Academy has awarded two Oscars for the same performance.

Upon completion of the film, Wyler told Russell to return to school since there "weren't many roles for actors without hands." Russell returned to Boston University and graduated with a business degree in 1949.

Russell authored two autobiographies, Victory in My Hands (1949) and The Best Years of My Life (1981).

Later years[edit]

Russell appeared in only two other films after his debut, Inside Moves in 1980 and Dogtown in 1997. He also appeared in an episode of Trapper John, M.D. in 1981 and a two-part episode of the television series China Beach in 1989.

Russell became active in AMVETS, serving three terms as National Commander. As such, he wrote to President Truman in 1951, supporting his decision to dismiss General MacArthur. In his letter, Russell wrote: "The issue is whether the ultimate civil authority of the United States can tolerate actions in contempt of constitutional lines of authority. Any lessening of civil power over military power must inevitably lead away from democracy."

From the early 1960s to the late 1980s, Russell served as the Chairman of the President's Commission on Employment of the Handicapped, an unpaid position.

In 1992, Russell needed money for his wife's medical expenses. In a controversial decision, he consigned his Oscar for Best Supporting Actor to Herman Darvick Autograph Auctions, and on August 6, 1992, in New York City, the Oscar sold to a private collector for $60,500. Russell defended his action, saying, "I don't know why anybody would be critical. My wife's health is much more important than sentimental reasons. The movie will be here, even if Oscar isn't."[2] The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has required all Oscar recipients since 1950 to sign an agreement forbidding them from selling their award;[3] as a pre-1950 winner, Russell was exempt from this provision.

Russell died of a heart attack on January 29, 2002, 15 days after his 88th birthday, and is buried in Lakeview Cemetery in Wayland, Massachusetts.[2]

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1946 The Best Years of Our Lives Homer Parrish Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
Honorary Academy Award
Golden Globes - Special Award for Non-professional acting
1980 Inside Moves Wings
1981 Trapper John, M.D. Leo Hopkins TV episode - "The Days of Wine and Leo"
aka: "Harold Russell Story"
1989 China Beach Uncle Conal TV episodes - "The World, Pts. 1 & 2"
1997 Dogtown Blessed William

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Harold Russell Dies at 88; Veteran and Oscar Winner". New York Times. 
  2. ^ a b Bergan, Ronald (2002-02-06). "Harold Russell; Brave actor whose artificial hands helped him win two Oscars". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  3. ^ Rothman, Heathcliff (2006-02-16). "I'd Really Like to Thank My Pal at the Auction House". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 

External links[edit]