Harper County, Kansas

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Harper County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Harper County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for Sergeant Marion Harper
Seat Anthony
Largest city Anthony
Area
 • Total 803 sq mi (2,080 km2)
 • Land 801 sq mi (2,075 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 6,034
 • Density 7.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website harpercountyks.gov

Coordinates: 37°12′N 98°05′W / 37.200°N 98.083°W / 37.200; -98.083

Harper County (county code HP) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,034.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Anthony.[2] The county was named for Sergeant Marion Harper of the 2nd Kansas Cavalry, who died of wounds suffered near Waldron, Arkansas, in December 1863.[3]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

The original organization of Harper County was one of the largest frauds in county government. In 1873, a group of three men organized Harper County, designating the then fictitious city of "Bluff City" as the county seat. The petition for organization used several names out of a Cincinnati telephone directory to represent as residents of Harper County.[dubious ] In 1874, the state attorney general investigated, and found not a single resident of the county. The "founders" of the county had sold $40,000 worth of bonds.[4]

Harper County was settled starting in 1877, and the county was organized for a second time in 1878 by the Glenn and Robinson families. Since Bluff City could not be shown to have existed, Anthony was designated as the temporary county seat. In an election in 1879, Anthony won as county seat even though 2,960 votes were cast in a county with 800 legal voters.[4]

21st century[edit]

Due to new and high-paying jobs at area oil fields and wind farms, Harper County experienced an economic boom; as of 2012, rental housing and office space in towns such as Danville, Harper, and Anthony has more than quadrupled in price, in properties ranging from double-wide trailers to a Carnegie library.[5]

Law and government[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, Harper County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2006, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 803 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 801 square miles (2,070 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 4,133
1890 13,266 221.0%
1900 10,310 −22.3%
1910 14,748 43.0%
1920 13,656 −7.4%
1930 12,823 −6.1%
1940 12,068 −5.9%
1950 10,263 −15.0%
1960 9,541 −7.0%
1970 7,871 −17.5%
1980 7,778 −1.2%
1990 7,124 −8.4%
2000 6,536 −8.3%
2010 6,034 −7.7%
Est. 2013 5,860 −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12][dated info] there were 6,536 people, 2,773 households, and 1,807 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,270 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.23% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.

There were 2,773 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 32.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 22.00% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 23.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,776, and the median income for a family was $39,866. Males had a median income of $27,869 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,368. About 8.50% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Harper County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The townships of Harper County (Townships are numbers in counter-clockwise order, with Township 1 highlighted in red).

Harper County is divided into six townships. The cities of Anthony and Harper are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Harper County is one of only four counties in Kansas that have numbered, not named, townships. The other three are Morris County, Pratt County, and Rooks County.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Township 1 71201 1,000 2 (6) 468 (181) 1 (0) 0.12% 37°15′23″N 98°14′0″W / 37.25639°N 98.23333°W / 37.25639; -98.23333
Township 2 71205 144 0 (1) 363 (140) 1 (0) 0.23% 37°4′23″N 98°14′22″W / 37.07306°N 98.23944°W / 37.07306; -98.23944
Township 3 71209 394 1 (3) 383 (148) 2 (1) 0.44% 37°7′58″N 98°2′7″W / 37.13278°N 98.03528°W / 37.13278; -98.03528
Township 4 71213 232 1 (2) 297 (115) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°7′2″N 97°51′45″W / 37.11722°N 97.86250°W / 37.11722; -97.86250
Township 5 71217 463 2 (4) 277 (107) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°15′47″N 97°56′23″W / 37.26306°N 97.93972°W / 37.26306; -97.93972
Township 6 71221 296 1 (3) 280 (108) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°20′26″N 97°58′17″W / 37.34056°N 97.97139°W / 37.34056; -97.97139
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Kansas Place-Names, John Rydjord, University of Oklahoma Press, 1972, ISBN 0-8061-0994-7
  4. ^ a b Cutler, William G. (1883). History of the State of Kansas. A.T. Andreas. 
  5. ^ Blake Ellis (June 1, 2012). "Where trailer homes rent for $2,000 a month". CNN Money. CNN.com. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  6. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps