Harper Woods, Michigan

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Harper Woods
City
City of Harper Woods
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°26′17″N 82°55′30″W / 42.43806°N 82.92500°W / 42.43806; -82.92500Coordinates: 42°26′17″N 82°55′30″W / 42.43806°N 82.92500°W / 42.43806; -82.92500
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Type council-manager
 • Mayor Kenneth A. Poynter
Area[1]
 • Total 2.61 sq mi (6.76 km2)
 • Land 2.61 sq mi (6.76 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 587 ft (179 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 14,236
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 13,990
 • Density 5,454.4/sq mi (2,106.0/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48225
Area code(s) 313
FIPS code 26-36700[4]
GNIS feature ID 0627822[5]
Website http://www.harperwoodscity.org/

Harper Woods is a city located on the eastside of suburban Detroit, Michigan, United States. The city is located in Wayne County. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 14,236.[6]

History[edit]

Harper Woods was incorporated as a city on February 19, 1951 from what was left of Gratiot Township. A charter commission was elected, a charter prepared and adopted, and a city council elected. The City of Harper Woods came into existence on October 29, 1951, when the charter took effect and the first city council was sworn in.

According to the city's website, Harper Woods was so named because it was then a wooded area and because its main thoroughfare was Harper Avenue (named for Walter Harper, founder of the nearby Harper Hospital in Detroit).

The fledgling suburb faced the usual problems confronting new cities: schools, streets, sidewalks, water systems, drains, etc. In 1956, Harper Woods was the subject of a community service study by the Bureau of Government, Institute of Public Administration, at the University of Michigan.

The development of Harper Woods reflected the growth of metropolitan Detroit. In 1955, Interstate 94 (I-94) (which bisects the eastern part of the suburb) was approved, and construction on the Eastland Shopping Center began soon after. Eastland Center, one of the first outdoor malls in the Midwest, opened in 1957. Harper Woods continued to develop and grow over the decades. In 2001, Harper Woods celebrated its 50th anniversary.

Mark Binelli, the author of Detroit City is the Place to Be, wrote in 2012 that Harper Woods had been "declining for years", citing an increase in daylight carjackings and home invasions and a foreclosure rate higher than that of Detroit.[7]

Geography[edit]

Harper Woods is located between the City of Detroit and St. Clair Shores,[7] and between Detroit and the Grosse Pointes. Harper Wood borders Macomb County on the 8 Mile Road side. It is located along I-94. Eastland Shopping Center is the community's shopping center. Harper Woods has no rail access and it has no industries.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.61 square miles (6.76 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 858
1950 9,148 966.2%
1960 19,995 118.6%
1970 20,186 1.0%
1980 16,361 −18.9%
1990 14,903 −8.9%
2000 14,254 −4.4%
2010 14,236 −0.1%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 14,236 people, 5,814 households, and 3,611 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,454.4 inhabitants per square mile (2,106.0/km2). There were 6,504 housing units at an average density of 2,492.0 per square mile (962.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.6% White, 45.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 5,814 households of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.9% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.11.

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.2% male and 53.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 14,254 people, 6,292 households, and 3,756 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,521.1 per square mile (2,133.1/km²). There were 6,514 housing units at an average density of 2,523.1 per square mile (974.8/km²). The racial makeup of the population was 84.9% Non-Hispanic white, 10.2% African-American, 0.34% Native American, 1.0% Non-Filipino Asian, 0.7% Filipino, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2% of the population. 14.4% were of German, 14.0% Italian, 12.5% Polish, 10.4% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 6,292 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,769, and the median income for a family was $55,065. Males had a median income of $46,747 versus $34,138 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,900. About 2.9% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Cultural history[edit]

Though a relatively new city, Harper Woods has played a role in the cultural history of Metro Detroit.

For many years, the city was home to the East Side Drive-In (located at 19440 Harper Avenue, near 7 Mile Road), the first drive-in theater in Metro Detroit and one of the very first in the Midwest. The East Side opened May 26, 1938, with The Big Broadcast of 1938, starring W. C. Fields and Dorothy Lamour. Automobile capacity in later years was listed at 970 vehicles. The East Side closed in 1977 and was demolished a year later.[9]

The Hideout (located at 20542 Harper Avenue, at Beaufait Street) was a popular teen dance club in the mid-1960s.[10] Many Detroit-area music acts - including some that would go on to national prominence - performed at the club. Among them were Bob Seger, Mitch Ryder, Ted Nugent, Glenn Frey (later of the Eagles), and Suzi Quatro. One performance at the club by the MC5 was described by their manager John Sinclair. The Hideout spawned a local record label, Hideout Records. A 2001 compact disc, Friday at the Hideout: Boss Detroit Garage Bands 1964-1967, documents the scene. One of the first bands to play at the Hideout, The Underdogs, wrote Friday Night at the Hideout.[11] Dave Leone is credited as the writer on the record.

Another venue for local bands in the 1960s and 1970s was Notre Dame High School. According to various accounts,[12] "All the Motown artists used to come and lip-sync to their records. Local neighborhood bands got to play live." Among the local performers of note who played dances and concerts at the school were The Amboy Dukes (featuring Ted Nugent), Bob Seger and the Last Heard, Frijid Pink, The Frost, Salem Witchcraft, Toby Redd, The Almighty Strut, and other acts.

In the early 1970s, U.S. Poet Laureate Donald Hall wrote a poem which referenced the city, "Poem With One Fact."[13] Similarly, in 1986, the critically acclaimed crime fiction writer Loren D. Estleman unflatteringly portrayed the city in his Amos Walker novel Every Brilliant Eye. Among other works, the Detroit-area crime fiction writer Elmore Leonard mentions the city in his 2000 novel, Pagan Babies. Jeffrey Eugenides' bestselling 1993 novel The Virgin Suicides as well as his Pulitzer Prize-winning Middlesex also reference Harper Woods.

Betty Bahr, an early local television personality,[14] and Angela Ruggiero,[15] 2006 Olympics bronze medal winner (ice hockey), have been among its better known residents. Dave Coulier, a popular television and voice actor, graduated from Notre Dame High School.

Dominating the cultural and commercial profile of the suburb is Eastland Mall, which sits at the intersection of 8 Mile Road and Beaconsfield Avenue. Eastland Center, as it is now known, houses a celebrated work of public sculpture, "The Lion and Mouse," by Marshall Fredericks.[16]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Harper Woods is served by two public school districts, the Harper Woods School District and the Grosse Pointe School District. The Harper Woods School District manages Beacon Elementary School (preschool-3), Tyrone Middle School (4-6), and Harper Woods High School, which includes the middle school (7-12). The Grosse Pointe School District manages Charles A. Poupard Elementary School. Harper Woods is also home to the charter schools of [17] Chandler Park Academy Elementary and Middle Schools, Heart Academy High School, and Colin Powell Academy Middle School.

The Chandler Park Academy, a K-12 charter school, is in Harper Woods.[18]

During its history, Harper Woods was also home to the following (now defunct) parochial and private schools: St. Peter's Grade School, Our Lady Queen of Peace Elementary School, Lutheran High School East, Bishop Gallagher High School, Trinity Catholic High School, and Notre Dame High School.[19][20] In the fall of 2002, Bishop Gallagher and St. Florian High School in Hamtramck merged to form Trinity Catholic High School in Harper Woods.[20] In 2005 the archdiocese announced that Trinity and Notre Dame, an all-boys parochial school in Harper Woods, would close.[19] The all-girls Regina High School, once located in Harper Woods, moved to the nearby suburb of Warren in the fall of 2007.[citation needed]

Community colleges[edit]

The Wayne County Community College University Square campus is located within the boundaries of Harper Woods.

Public libraries[edit]

Harper Woods Public Library, in February 2012

Harper Woods Public Library acts as the community's library system.[21]

Pension fund lawsuit[edit]

In September 2007, the City of Harper Woods Employees’ Retirement Scheme filed suit against UK-based defense contractor BAE Systems.[22] The suit alleges that BAE Systems executives funneled approximately $2 billion to Saudi ambassador Prince Bandar.[23] The suit, which made news around the world,[24] seeks governance changes to the BAE Systems board, and efforts to redress the losses due to this alleged corruption.

On December 29, 2009, the US Court of Appeals rejected the Scheme's claim. Representatives for the Scheme later said that they would consider appealing to the Supreme Court.[25]

References[edit]

  • Binelli, Mark. Detroit City is the Place to Be. Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company (New York). First Edition, 2012. ISBN 978-0-8050-9229-5 (hardback version).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Harper Woods, Michigan
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Harper Woods city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Binelli, p. 260.
  8. ^ "Harper Woods." (Archive) Wayne County Government. June 22, 2003. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  9. ^ East Side Drive-In Theater - Harper Woods Michigan
  10. ^ Detroit Area Musical Venues
  11. ^ Friday Night at the Hideout
  12. ^ Discuss Detroit: Notre Dame High School Dances in the 60's
  13. ^ Poetry Foundation: The online home of the Poetry Foundation
  14. ^ From Soupy to Nuts! A History of Detroit Television by Tim Kiska
  15. ^ Harper Woods, Michigan MI, city profile (Wayne County) - hotels, festivals, genealogy, newspapers - ePodunk
  16. ^ Prodigal mouse returns: Pilfered icon back at mall after 50-year trip
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ Home. Chandler Park Academy. Retrieved on April 3, 2010.
  19. ^ a b Pratt, Chastity, Patricia Montemurri, and Lori Higgins. "PARENTS, KIDS SCRAMBLE AS EDUCATION OPTIONS NARROW." Detroit Free Press. March 17, 2005. A1 News. Retrieved on April 30, 2011. "[...]said Jean Irvin-Stanley, who has children at Trinity High and Notre Dame High, both scheduled to shut their doors."
  20. ^ a b Mercer, Tenisha. "Schools merge, form Trinity High." The Detroit News. June 5, 2002. Metro 6E. Retrieved on April 29, 2011.
  21. ^ "Home." Harper Woods Public Library. Retrieved on April 3, 2010.
  22. ^ BAE Systems Sued over alleged Saudi bribes
  23. ^ 'David vs. Goliath': City Takes On BAE Systems
  24. ^ BAE asks U.S. court to end shareholder's suit
  25. ^ Harper Woods Employees' Retirement Scheme may take BAe case to Supreme Court

External links[edit]