Harrietta Plantation

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Harrietta Plantation
Harrietta Plantation, U.S. Routes 17 & 701, McClellanville vicinity (Charleston County, South Carolina).jpg
North elevation of Harrietta Plantation in 1940
Harrietta Plantation is located in South Carolina
Harrietta Plantation
Location McClellanville, South Carolina
Nearest city McClellanville, South Carolina
Coordinates 33°10′10″N 79°23′37″W / 33.16944°N 79.39361°W / 33.16944; -79.39361Coordinates: 33°10′10″N 79°23′37″W / 33.16944°N 79.39361°W / 33.16944; -79.39361
Built ca. 1807
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 75001695[1]
Added to NRHP September 18, 1975

Harrieta Plantation[2] is a plantation about 5 mi (8 km) east of McClellanville in Charleston County, South Carolina. It is adjacent to the Wedge Plantation and just south of Fairfield Plantation. The plantation house was built around 1807.[3] It is located off US Highway 17 near the Santee River.[4] It was named to the National Register of Historic Places on September 18, 1975.[1][3][5]

History[edit]

The house at Harrietta Plantation was built by Mrs. Harriot Horry of the Hampton Plantation for her daughter, Harriott and her husband Frederick Rutledge. Mrs. Horry's son, Charles Lucas Pinckney Horry, married Elenore Marie Florimonde de Fay la Tour Maubourg. When Charles and Elemore decided to live elsewhere, Frederick and Harriot Rutledge lived at Hampton Plantation, and work on the Harrietta Plantation House stopped.[3][6]

In 1858, the house was purchased by Stephen D. Doar. He finished the upper floors and was the first resident in the house.[7] The Doar family owned the house until 1930. Rice was cultivated until 1903.[3] When the house was sold in 1930, there were rooms in the house that had yet to be plastered.[6]

The house is currently owned by the Harrietta Holdings, LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company.

Architecture[edit]

South elevation showing the "triple" door with the false door in the middle

The original house was constructed around 1807. This is a Georgian style, clapboard house on a raised basement. The first floor had two rooms with a rear hallway. Each of the rooms had a separate entrance door to the front porch. Because these doors were very close to each other, a false door was built between them. They were framed together to result in an architecturally pleasing facade. Both of these rooms have fireplaces with carved Federal mantels. The door frames and moldings are also in Federal style.[3][6][8]

The south facade has a portico supported by four Doric columns. The pediment has a semi-elliptical window. It is decorated with dentate molding.[3]

The south facade has single nine over nine lights on either side of the doors. Each wing has four nine over nine lights evenly spaced. In the second story, there are pairs of six over six lights to the left and right of the porch gable.[3]

The single-story wings were built in the 1930s. The east wing has two rooms with a fireplace. The west wing has three rooms. Two of these have fireplaces. The wings use a Greek Revival style for the mantels and woodwork. The rear hallway extends along the north side of each wing.[3]

A floor plan of the first floor with the wings has been published.[6]

Gardens[edit]

There is a formal garden on the south side that extends to Collins Creek.[9] To the east, there are old rice fields. To the north is a lake with cypress trees that is an old rice field. To the west is the entrance to the plantation, which was the old slave avenue. There is also the remains of a rice threshing mill and one slave cabin.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Harrietta Plantation". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bull, Elias B. (February 26, 1975). "Harrieta Plantation". National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "+33° 10' 10.00", -79° 23' 37.00"". Google Maps. google.com. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  5. ^ "Harrietta Plantation, Charleston County (off U.S. Hwy. 17, McClellanville vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 12 May 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d Stoney, Samuel Gaillard; Simons, A., and Lapham, Samuel, Jr. (1989). Plantations of the Carolina Low Country (7th ed.). Mineola, New York: Courier Dover Publications. pp. 71–72, 191–198. ISBN 0-486-26089-5. 
  7. ^ Federal Writer's Program of the Works Progress Administration (1941). South Carolina: A Guide to the Palmetto State. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 280–281. ISBN 1-60354-039-3. 
  8. ^ "Harrietta Plantation, U.S. Routes 17 & 701, McClellanville vicinity, Charleston County, SC (Data pages)". Historic American Building Survey. National Park Service. 
  9. ^ "Collins Creek". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 15 May 2009. 

External links[edit]