Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, Quebec

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Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
Municipality
The village of Harrington Harbour
The village of Harrington Harbour
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent is located in Côte-Nord Region Quebec
Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
Location in Côte-Nord Region of Quebec.
Coordinates: 50°28′N 59°36′W / 50.467°N 59.600°W / 50.467; -59.600Coordinates: 50°28′N 59°36′W / 50.467°N 59.600°W / 50.467; -59.600[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Côte-Nord
RCM Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
Constituted June 22, 1963
Government[2]
 • Administrator Jacques Lareau (p.i.)
 • Federal riding Manicouagan
 • Prov. riding Duplessis
Area[2][3]
 • Total 3,070.30 km2 (1,185.45 sq mi)
 • Land 2,845.04 km2 (1,098.48 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 971
 • Density 0.3/km2 (0.8/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 5.5%
 • Dwellings 471
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code(s) G0G 1G0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 138

Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent is a municipality, in regional county municipality of Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, in Canada. The municipality consists of two non-contiguous areas, both along the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The larger main part stretches from the Natashquan River to the Big Mecatina River and includes all populated places. The eastern part is a small section between Middle Bay and Brador.

History[edit]

The Municipality of Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-Saint-Laurent was incorporated in 1963 and originally extended along the shores of the Saint Lawrence from the Natashquan River to the Newfoundland and Labrador provincial border, some 5,240 square kilometres (2,020 sq mi) roughly corresponding to the Basse-Côte-Nord territory. However, with an isolated population scattered over a large area devoid of roads, the municipality did not have an elected municipal council and was managed by an appointed administrator headquartered in Chevery.[1]

Starting in 1990, a restructuring plan was enacted that would carve up Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-Saint-Laurent into several additional municipalities. That year, the municipalities of Bonne-Espérance and Blanc-Sablon were formed, followed by the Municipality of Saint-Augustin on December 30, 1992, and finally the municipality of Gros-Mécatina on December 22, 1993.[1]

On May 8, 1996, the municipality's name was officially adjusted to Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent.[1]

Communities[edit]

The municipality includes the communities of Chevery, Harrington Harbour, Kegaska, and Tête-à-la-Baleine.

It also includes the following abandoned settlements and ghost towns, in order from west to east: Musquaro, Wolf Bay, Aylmer Sound, Ettamiau, Pointe Amouri, Barachois, Chez Menneau, and Boulet's (also known as Bully's).

Chevery[edit]

Main article: Chevery, Quebec

Chevery (50°28′07″N 59°36′58″W / 50.46861°N 59.61611°W / 50.46861; -59.61611) is the administrative centre of the municipality, located at the mouth of the Nétagamiou River. Its population in the Canada 2011 Census was 251.

Harrington Harbour[edit]

Harrington Harbour (50°30′00″N 59°28′47″W / 50.50000°N 59.47972°W / 50.50000; -59.47972) was originally founded near the end of the 19th century by fishermen from Newfoundland.[4] The primary activity is commercial fishing for crabs, lobster, turbot, halibut, cod, and lumpfish. Its population in the Canada 2011 Census was 261.

Kegaska[edit]

Main article: Kegaska, Quebec

Kegaska (50°11′01″N 61°16′21″W / 50.18361°N 61.27250°W / 50.18361; -61.27250) is the westernmost community in the municipality. Its population in the Canada 2011 Census was 138, mostly anglophone settlers from Anticosti Island.

Tête-à-la-Baleine[edit]

Tête-à-la-Baleine (50°42′10″N 59°19′23″W / 50.70278°N 59.32306°W / 50.70278; -59.32306), occasionally known as Whale Head in English, was settled in the 19th century after Michael Kenty bought the local trading post from the Labrador Company. Its population in the Canada 2011 Census was 129.

Musquaro[edit]

The ghost town of Musquaro (50°12′58″N 61°03′50″W / 50.21611°N 61.06389°W / 50.21611; -61.06389) is at the mouth of the Musquaro River, between Kegaska and La Romaine. Identified as Mascoüarou on Louis Jolliet's map of 1694, the name went through numerous spelling changes, such as Nasquirou, Maskouaro, and Mahkuanu. Its root meaning is "black bear tail" and may refer to the foothills of Mount Mascoüarou as shown Jolliet's map.[5]

It was the site of a fortified trading post, established in 1710, and a catholic mission. In 1780, the post was on the territory granted to the Labrador Company of Quebec. 23 years later, the franchise went to the North West Company which in turn was sold to the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821. Closed for a brief time in 1859, the post remained occupied until 1925 after which it closed permanently.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, Quebec[8]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 1,322 —    
Year Pop. ±%
1996 1,214 −8.2%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 1,183 −2.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2006 1,028 −13.1%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 971 −5.5%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
955
320 Increase 7.8% 33.51% 610 Decrease 14.1% 63.87% 20 Increase 50.0% 2.09% 5 Increase n/a% 0.52%
2006
1,015
295 Decrease 22.4% 29.06% 710 Decrease 7.8% 69.95% 10 Decrease 33.3% 0.99% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
2001
1,165
380 Decrease 8.4% 32.62% 770 Increase 2.6% 66.09% 15 Decrease 40.0% 1.29% 0 Steady 0.0% 0.00%
1996
1,190
415 n/a 34.87% 750 n/a 63.03% 25 n/a 2.10% 0 n/a 0.00%

Transportation[edit]

The municipality is served by three small local airports, Chevery Airport, Kegaska Airport and Tête-à-la-Baleine Airport. Harrington Harbour is served by a heliport, but does not have its own full airport.

Harrington Harbour is located on a small island which has no cars or roads, and all transportation in the community is by bicycle. Each mainland community has local road access — however, no roads currently connect one community to another, the entire municipality is isolated from the provincial highway network, and ferries or taxi boats must be used to travel between the communities or to the rest of the province.

In recent years the municipality has lobbied for Highway 138, which currently ends at Natashquan, to be extended through the area. The provincial government has announced a feasibility study, although no construction schedule has been announced to date.[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tête-à-la-Baleine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
6.1
(43)
15
(59)
12.8
(55)
21
(70)
32.8
(91)
31.7
(89.1)
30
(86)
28.9
(84)
20.6
(69.1)
16.1
(61)
8.9
(48)
32.8
(91)
Average high °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.3
(37.9)
8.8
(47.8)
14.4
(57.9)
18.8
(65.8)
18.7
(65.7)
14.5
(58.1)
8.3
(46.9)
2.1
(35.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
5.6
(42.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14
(7)
−12.9
(8.8)
−7.2
(19)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.6
(40.3)
9.7
(49.5)
14
(57)
13.9
(57)
9.8
(49.6)
4.1
(39.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
−10.1
(13.8)
0.8
(33.4)
Average low °C (°F) −19.6
(−3.3)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−12.5
(9.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
0.4
(32.7)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
9.1
(48.4)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
−3.9
(25)
Record low °C (°F) −38.9
(−38)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−35
(−31)
−27
(−17)
−13.3
(8.1)
−2.8
(27)
−0.6
(30.9)
−1.1
(30)
−5
(23)
−14.4
(6.1)
−22.2
(−8)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−39.5
(−39.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 78.1
(3.075)
52.6
(2.071)
73.1
(2.878)
78.5
(3.091)
97.7
(3.846)
112.1
(4.413)
111.4
(4.386)
111.9
(4.406)
128.3
(5.051)
129.9
(5.114)
116.9
(4.602)
102.8
(4.047)
1,193.3
(46.98)
Source: Environment Canada[10]

Media[edit]

Two community radio stations, CFTH-FM-1 in Harrington Harbour and CJTB-FM in Tête-à-la-Baleine, operate in the municipality. CFTH also has rebroadcasters in Kegaska and Mutton Bay. The municipality is also served by rebroadcasters of Première Chaîne's CBSI-FM in Harrington Harbour and Tête-à-la-Baleine, and by a rebroadcaster of CBC Radio One's CBVE-FM in Harrington Harbour.

Télévision de Radio-Canada's CJBR-TV has rebroadcasters in Harrington Harbour and Tête-à-la-Baleine, and CBC Television's CBMT has a rebroadcaster in Harrington Harbour. The municipality does not receive any of Canada's commercial broadcast television networks, English or French, over the air.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  3. ^ a b c "Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  4. ^ Tourism Lower North Shore: Harrington Harbour
  5. ^ a b "Musquaro (hameau)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-04-29. 
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ "New Quebec highway good for Labrador economy: exporter". CBC News. 2006-08-25. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  10. ^ Environment Canada — Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 23 January 2010.

External links[edit]