|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival style|
|Town or city||Gatineau, Quebec|
|Construction started||1925 |
|Client||Lieutenant Colonel Cameron Macpherson Edwards|
|Owner||The Queen in Right of Canada|
|Landlord||National Capital Commission|
|Size||16 room home on 5.4-hectare (13-acre) property|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Lieutenant Colonel Cameron Macpherson Edwards|
|Location||Gatineau Park, Quebec|
Harrington Lake estate is the name of the official country retreat of the Prime Minister of Canada and also the name of the land which surrounds it. It is located near Meech Lake – where the Meech Lake Accord was negotiated in 1987 – approximately 35 kilometers northwest of Ottawa, in an area known as Gatineau Park, amidst the Gatineau Hills in Quebec. The estate is not open to the public, but the Mackenzie King Estate, the retreat of Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King at Kingsmere, is a tourist attraction a few kilometers further south in the park.
Besides the cottage, the Harrington estate consists of three other buildings:
- staff cottage
- upper guest cottage
- lower guest cottage
- boat house and paddleboat dock
- long dock (located the northeast of the retreat)
The lake itself and the area around it are also referred to as Lac Mousseau. The name Harrington is thought to be a misspelling of Hetherington, the name of a family which settled in this area. The French name Mousseau comes from another early settler to the area, Louis Mousseau.
The retreat is accessed by Chemin de Lac Meech with an armed (by the RCMP) gatehouse at the driveway of the retreat.
The cottage was built for lumber baron (Lieutenant Colonel) Cameron Macpherson Edwards in the 1920s when he acquired the land that the home was built upon. The lake and the property (including neighbouring land belonging to William Duncan Herridge and Stanley Healey) had been acquired by the Queen in Right of Canada in 1951, in order to build up preserves of natural areas around the capital. In 1959, supporters of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker suggested that he needed a quiet place to go fishing, not too far from Ottawa, and, later that year, Harrington Lake was chosen as the site for an official country residence for the Prime Minister. During the first prime ministership of Pierre Trudeau, his then-wife, Margaret, added a vegetable garden, which, according to Kim Campbell's autobiography Time and Chance, still provides the house with fresh produce.
Campbell was also the only Prime Minister to have spent her entire term in office residing at Harrington Lake. Initially, Campbell took up residence at Harrington Lake so that her predecessor, Brian Mulroney, could continue to reside at 24 Sussex Drive until renovations on his new private residence in Montreal were completed. Once Mulroney vacated 24 Sussex, Campbell had not finished moving to that address before her party was defeated in the 1993 election.
Other than the Edwards', the residents of the cottage have mainly been the Prime Minister:
- Cameron Macpherson Edwards and family 1920s-late 1950s
Since 1959, the retreat is now used by the Prime Minister:
- John George Diefenbaker 1960–1963
- Lester B. Pearson 1963–1968
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau 1968–1979; 1980–1984
- Joe Clark 1979–1980
- John Turner 1984
- Brian Mulroney 1984–1993
- Kim Campbell 1993
- Jean Chrétien 1993–2003
- Paul Martin 2003–2006
- Stephen Harper 2006–present